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DBMS > Datomic vs. InterSystems Caché vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. TiDB

System Properties Comparison Datomic vs. InterSystems Caché vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. TiDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDatomic  Xexclude from comparisonInterSystems Caché  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparisonTiDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDatomic builds on immutable values, supports point-in-time queries and uses 3rd party systems for durabilityA multi-model DBMS and application serverElastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL ServerTiDB is an open source distributed Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) database that supports MySQL and Spark SQL syntaxes.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSKey-value store
Object oriented DBMS
Relational DBMS
Relational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.05
Rank#115  Overall
#56  Relational DBMS
Score2.90
Rank#94  Overall
#15  Key-value stores
#1  Object oriented DBMS
#48  Relational DBMS
Score13.29
Rank#41  Overall
#25  Relational DBMS
Score1.94
Rank#117  Overall
#57  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.datomic.comwww.intersystems.com/­products/­cacheazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analyticspingcap.com
Technical documentationdocs.datomic.comdocs.intersystems.comdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analyticsdocs.pingcap.com/­tidb/­stable
DeveloperCognitectInterSystemsMicrosoftPingCAP, Inc.
Initial release2012199720162016
Current release0.9.5951, July 20192018.1.4, May 20205.0.0, April 2021
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infolimited edition freecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
TiDB Cloud: Fully-managed TiDB Service. Bring everything great about TiDB to the cloud.
Implementation languageJava, ClojureC++Go, Rust
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMAIX
HP Open VMS
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
hostedLinux
Data schemeyesdepending on used data modelyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesnono
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesyesyes
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP API.NET Client API
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
Supported programming languagesClojure
Java
C#
C++
Java
C#
Java
PHP
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoTransaction FunctionsyesTransact SQLno
TriggersBy using transaction functionsyesnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnone infoBut extensive use of caching in the application peersnoneSharding, horizontal partitioninghorizontal partitioning (by key range)
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnone infoBut extensive use of caching in the application peersSource-replica replicationyesUsing Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononoyes infowith TiSpark Connector
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesno infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraintsno infocurrently only supported in syntax
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infousing external storage systems (e.g. Cassandra, DynamoDB, PostgreSQL, Couchbase and others)yesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes inforecommended only for testing and developmentyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlnoAccess rights for users, groups and rolesyesUsers with fine-grained authorization concept. No user groups or roles.
More information provided by the system vendor
DatomicInterSystems CachéMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data WarehouseTiDB
Specific characteristicsTiDB is an open-source NewSQL database built by PingCAP. TiDB supports Hybrid Transactional...
» more
Competitive advantagesIn the current database landscape, infrastructure engineers often have to use one...
» more
Typical application scenariosTiDB is designed to support both OLTP and OLAP scenarios. You can use TiDB , the...
» more
Key customersShopee (E-commerce) BookMyShow.com (E-commerce) Yiguo.com (E-commerce) JD Cloud &...
» more
Market metrics25K+ GitHub Stars for TiDB, and 8K+ GitHub Stars for TiKV 1.6K+ members in TiDB Community...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen Source Apache 2.0 with either commercial licensing or fully-hosted DB-as-a-service...
» more
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More resources
DatomicInterSystems CachéMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data WarehouseTiDB
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