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DBMS > Datomic vs. InfluxDB vs. Lovefield vs. Snowflake vs. Virtuoso

System Properties Comparison Datomic vs. InfluxDB vs. Lovefield vs. Snowflake vs. Virtuoso

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDatomic  Xexclude from comparisonInfluxDB  Xexclude from comparisonLovefield  Xexclude from comparisonSnowflake  Xexclude from comparisonVirtuoso  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDatomic builds on immutable values, supports point-in-time queries and uses 3rd party systems for durabilityDBMS for storing time series, events and metricsEmbeddable relational database for web apps written in pure JavaScriptCloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured dataVirtuoso is a multi-model hybrid-RDBMS that supports management of data represented as relational tables and/or property graphs
Primary database modelRelational DBMSTime Series DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Native XML DBMS
Relational DBMS
RDF store
Search engine
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS infowith GEO packageSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.80
Rank#131  Overall
#65  Relational DBMS
Score28.54
Rank#29  Overall
#1  Time Series DBMS
Score0.35
Rank#261  Overall
#121  Relational DBMS
Score64.19
Rank#18  Overall
#12  Relational DBMS
Score4.81
Rank#78  Overall
#12  Document stores
#4  Graph DBMS
#2  Native XML DBMS
#43  Relational DBMS
#2  RDF stores
#9  Search engines
Websitewww.datomic.comwww.influxdata.com/­products/­influxdb-overviewgoogle.github.io/­lovefieldwww.snowflake.comvirtuoso.openlinksw.com
Technical documentationdocs.datomic.comdocs.influxdata.com/­influxdbgithub.com/­google/­lovefield/­blob/­master/­docs/­spec_index.mddocs.snowflake.net/­manuals/­index.htmldocs.openlinksw.com/­virtuoso
DeveloperCognitectGoogleSnowflake Computing Inc.OpenLink Software
Initial release20122013201420141998
Current release0.9.5951, July 20192.0.8, August 20212.1.12, February 201708.03.3316, March 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infolimited edition freeOpen Source infoMIT-License; commercial enterprise version availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercialOpen Source infoGPLv2, extended commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJava, ClojureGoJavaScriptC
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMLinux
OS X infothrough Homebrew
server-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js) infotested with Chrome, Firefox, IE, SafarihostedAIX
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeyesyes infosupport of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)yes infoSQL - Standard relational schema
RDF - Quad (S, P, O, G) or Triple (S, P, O)
XML - DTD, XML Schema
DAV - freeform filesystem objects, plus User Defined Types a/k/a Dynamic Extension Type
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesNumeric data and Stringsyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononoyesyes
Secondary indexesyesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like query languageSQL-like query language infovia JavaScript builder patternyesyes infoSQL-92, SQL-200x, SQL-3, SQLX
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP APIHTTP API
JSON over UDP
CLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
GeoSPARQL
HTTP API
JDBC
Jena RDF API
ODBC
OLE DB
RDF4J API
RESTful HTTP API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SOAP webservices
SPARQL 1.1
WebDAV
XPath
XQuery
XSLT
Supported programming languagesClojure
Java
.Net
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Rust
Scala
JavaScriptJavaScript (Node.js)
Python
.Net
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoTransaction Functionsnonouser defined functionsyes infoVirtuoso PL
TriggersBy using transaction functionsnoUsing read-only observersno infosimilar concept for controling cloud resourcesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnone infoBut extensive use of caching in the application peersSharding infoin enterprise version onlynoneyesyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnone infoBut extensive use of caching in the application peersselectable replication factor infoin enterprise version onlynoneyesChain, star, and bi-directional replication
Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyesyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infousing external storage systems (e.g. Cassandra, DynamoDB, PostgreSQL, Couchbase and others)yesyes, by using IndexedDB or the cloud service Firebase Realtime Databaseyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes inforecommended only for testing and developmentyes infoDepending on used storage engineyes infousing MemoryDBnoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlnosimple rights management via user accountsnoUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authenticationFine-grained Attribute-Based Access Control (ABAC) in addition to typical coarse-grained Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) according to SQL-standard. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)
More information provided by the system vendor
DatomicInfluxDBLovefieldSnowflakeVirtuoso
Specific characteristicsInfluxData is the creator of InfluxDB , the open source time series database. It...
» more
Virtuoso is a modern multi-model RDBMS for managing data represented as tabular relations...
» more
Competitive advantagesTime to Value An end-to-end platform, InfluxData is ready to go on the cloud or via...
» more
Performance & Scale — as exemplified by DBpedia and the LOD Cloud it spawned, i.e.,...
» more
Typical application scenariosIoT & Sensor Monitoring Instrumentation of every available surface in the material...
» more
Used for — Analytics/BI Conceptual Data Virtualization Enterprise Knowledge Graphs...
» more
Key customersInfluxData has over 630 paying customers, including IBM, PayPal, Siemens Tesla and...
» more
Broad use across enterprises and governments including — European Union (EU) US Government...
» more
Market metricsFastest growing database to garnish 17,000 github stars Over 260,000 daily active...
» more
Largest installed-base ​of Multi-Model RDBMS for AI-friendly Knowledge Graphs Platform...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen source core with closed source clustering available either on-premise or on...
» more
Available in both Commercial Enterprise and Open Source (GPL v2) Editions Feature...
» more
News

Introduction to Time Series Forecasting with Tensorflow and InfluxDB
24 November 2021

Getting Started with Go and InfluxDB
19 November 2021

Notebook Sharing
18 November 2021

Release Announcement: Telegraf 1.20.4
18 November 2021

Monitoring Your Smart Home with InfluxDB and IFTTT
17 November 2021

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
DatomicInfluxDBLovefieldSnowflakeVirtuoso
DB-Engines blog posts

Why Build a Time Series Data Platform?
20 July 2017, Paul Dix (guest author)

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Time Series DBMS as a new trend?
1 June 2015, Paul Andlinger

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