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DBMS > Datomic vs. Graphite vs. InterSystems Caché vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. Tarantool

System Properties Comparison Datomic vs. Graphite vs. InterSystems Caché vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. Tarantool

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDatomic  Xexclude from comparisonGraphite  Xexclude from comparisonInterSystems Caché  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparisonTarantool  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDatomic builds on immutable values, supports point-in-time queries and uses 3rd party systems for durabilityData logging and graphing tool for time series data infoThe storage layer (fixed size database) is called WhisperA multi-model DBMS and application serverElastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL ServerIn-memory database with an integrated application server
Primary database modelRelational DBMSTime Series DBMSKey-value store
Object oriented DBMS
Relational DBMS
Relational DBMSKey-value store
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
Relational DBMS
Spatial DBMS infowith Tarantool/GIS extension
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.96
Rank#117  Overall
#57  Relational DBMS
Score4.53
Rank#75  Overall
#4  Time Series DBMS
Score3.25
Rank#86  Overall
#14  Key-value stores
#1  Object oriented DBMS
#46  Relational DBMS
Score12.37
Rank#42  Overall
#26  Relational DBMS
Score1.42
Rank#139  Overall
#26  Key-value stores
Websitewww.datomic.comgithub.com/­graphite-project/­graphite-webwww.intersystems.com/­products/­cacheazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analyticswww.tarantool.io
Technical documentationdocs.datomic.comgraphite.readthedocs.iodocs.intersystems.comdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analyticswww.tarantool.io/­en/­doc
DeveloperCognitectChris DavisInterSystemsMicrosoftMail.ru Group
Initial release20122006199720162008
Current release0.9.5951, July 20192018.1.4, May 20202.4.2, July 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infolimited edition freeOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercialcommercialOpen Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJava, ClojurePythonC++C and C++
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMLinux
Unix
AIX
HP Open VMS
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
hostedBSD
Linux
macOS
Data schemeyesyesdepending on used data modelyesschema-free, schema definition possible
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesNumeric data onlyyesyesstring, double, decimal, uuid, integer, blob, boolean
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesnono
Secondary indexesyesnoyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoyesyesFull-featured ANSI SQL support
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP APIHTTP API
Sockets
.NET Client API
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Open binary protocol
Supported programming languagesClojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C#
C++
Java
C#
Java
PHP
C
C#
C++
Erlang
Go
Java
JavaScript
Lua
Perl
PHP
Python
Rust
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoTransaction FunctionsnoyesTransact SQLLua, C and SQL stored procedures
TriggersBy using transaction functionsnoyesnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnone infoBut extensive use of caching in the application peersnonenoneSharding, horizontal partitioningHash sharding based on virtual buckets
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnone infoBut extensive use of caching in the application peersnoneSource-replica replicationyesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencynoneImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyesno infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraintsyes, with SQL
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACIDACIDACID, read commited
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infolockingyesyesyes, cooperative multitasking
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infousing external storage systems (e.g. Cassandra, DynamoDB, PostgreSQL, Couchbase and others)yesyesyesyes, regular snapshots on disk, write ahead logging
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes inforecommended only for testing and developmentyesyes, full featured in-memory storage engine with persistence
User concepts infoAccess controlnonoAccess rights for users, groups and rolesyesAccess rights for users and roles

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More resources
DatomicGraphiteInterSystems CachéMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data WarehouseTarantool
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