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DBMS > Datomic vs. Graphite vs. InterSystems Caché vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. NSDb

System Properties Comparison Datomic vs. Graphite vs. InterSystems Caché vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. NSDb

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDatomic  Xexclude from comparisonGraphite  Xexclude from comparisonInterSystems Caché  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparisonNSDb  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDatomic builds on immutable values, supports point-in-time queries and uses 3rd party systems for durabilityData logging and graphing tool for time series data infoThe storage layer (fixed size database) is called WhisperA multi-model DBMS and application serverElastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL ServerScalable, High-performance Time Series DBMS designed for Real-time Analytics on top of Kubernetes
Primary database modelRelational DBMSTime Series DBMSKey-value store
Object oriented DBMS
Relational DBMS
Relational DBMSTime Series DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.96
Rank#117  Overall
#57  Relational DBMS
Score4.53
Rank#75  Overall
#4  Time Series DBMS
Score3.25
Rank#86  Overall
#14  Key-value stores
#1  Object oriented DBMS
#46  Relational DBMS
Score12.37
Rank#42  Overall
#26  Relational DBMS
Score0.00
Rank#347  Overall
#31  Time Series DBMS
Websitewww.datomic.comgithub.com/­graphite-project/­graphite-webwww.intersystems.com/­products/­cacheazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analyticsnsdb.io
Technical documentationdocs.datomic.comgraphite.readthedocs.iodocs.intersystems.comdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analyticsnsdb.io/­Architecture
DeveloperCognitectChris DavisInterSystemsMicrosoft
Initial release20122006199720162017
Current release0.9.5951, July 20192018.1.4, May 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infolimited edition freeOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercialcommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJava, ClojurePythonC++Java, Scala
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMLinux
Unix
AIX
HP Open VMS
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
hostedLinux
macOS
Data schemeyesyesdepending on used data modelyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesNumeric data onlyyesyesyes: int, bigint, decimal, string
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesnono
Secondary indexesyesnoyesyesall fields are automatically indexed
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoyesyesSQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP APIHTTP API
Sockets
.NET Client API
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
gRPC
HTTP REST
WebSocket
Supported programming languagesClojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C#
C++
Java
C#
Java
PHP
Java
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoTransaction FunctionsnoyesTransact SQLno
TriggersBy using transaction functionsnoyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnone infoBut extensive use of caching in the application peersnonenoneSharding, horizontal partitioningSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnone infoBut extensive use of caching in the application peersnoneSource-replica replicationyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencynoneImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyesno infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraintsno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACIDACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infolockingyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infousing external storage systems (e.g. Cassandra, DynamoDB, PostgreSQL, Couchbase and others)yesyesyesUsing Apache Lucene
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes inforecommended only for testing and developmentyes
User concepts infoAccess controlnonoAccess rights for users, groups and rolesyes

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More resources
DatomicGraphiteInterSystems CachéMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data WarehouseNSDb
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