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DBMS > Datomic vs. Graphite vs. IBM Db2 vs. InterSystems Caché vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics

System Properties Comparison Datomic vs. Graphite vs. IBM Db2 vs. InterSystems Caché vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDatomic  Xexclude from comparisonGraphite  Xexclude from comparisonIBM Db2 infoformerly named DB2 or IBM Database 2  Xexclude from comparisonInterSystems Caché  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDatomic builds on immutable values, supports point-in-time queries and uses 3rd party systems for durabilityData logging and graphing tool for time series data infoThe storage layer (fixed size database) is called WhisperCommon in IBM host environments, 2 different versions for host and Windows/LinuxA multi-model DBMS and application serverElastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL Server
Primary database modelRelational DBMSTime Series DBMSRelational DBMS infoSince Version 10.5 support for JSON/BSON documents compatible with MongoDBKey-value store
Object oriented DBMS
Relational DBMS
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
RDF store infoin Db2 LUW (Linux, Unix, Windows)
Spatial DBMS infowith Db2 Spatial Extender
Document store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.96
Rank#117  Overall
#57  Relational DBMS
Score4.53
Rank#75  Overall
#4  Time Series DBMS
Score157.78
Rank#6  Overall
#5  Relational DBMS
Score3.25
Rank#86  Overall
#14  Key-value stores
#1  Object oriented DBMS
#46  Relational DBMS
Score12.37
Rank#42  Overall
#26  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.datomic.comgithub.com/­graphite-project/­graphite-webwww.ibm.com/­analytics/­db2www.intersystems.com/­products/­cacheazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analytics
Technical documentationdocs.datomic.comgraphite.readthedocs.iowww.ibm.com/­support/­knowledgecenter/­SSEPGGdocs.intersystems.comdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analytics
DeveloperCognitectChris DavisIBMInterSystemsMicrosoft
Initial release201220061983 infohost version19972016
Current release0.9.5951, July 201912.1, October 20162018.1.4, May 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infolimited edition freeOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercial infofree version is availablecommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJava, ClojurePythonC and C++C++
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMLinux
Unix
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
AIX
HP Open VMS
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
hosted
Data schemeyesyesyesdepending on used data modelyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesNumeric data onlyyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesno
Secondary indexesyesnoyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoyesyesyes
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP APIHTTP API
Sockets
ADO.NET
JDBC
JSON style queries infoMongoDB compatible
ODBC
XQuery
.NET Client API
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesClojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C
C#
C++
Cobol
Delphi
Fortran
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Visual Basic
C#
C++
Java
C#
Java
PHP
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoTransaction FunctionsnoyesyesTransact SQL
TriggersBy using transaction functionsnoyesyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnone infoBut extensive use of caching in the application peersnoneSharding infoonly with Windows/Unix/Linux VersionnoneSharding, horizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnone infoBut extensive use of caching in the application peersnoneyes infowith separate tools (MQ, InfoSphere)Source-replica replicationyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencynoneImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyesyesno infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraints
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infolockingyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infousing external storage systems (e.g. Cassandra, DynamoDB, PostgreSQL, Couchbase and others)yesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes inforecommended only for testing and developmentyes
User concepts infoAccess controlnonofine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users, groups and rolesyes

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More resources
DatomicGraphiteIBM Db2 infoformerly named DB2 or IBM Database 2InterSystems CachéMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse
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