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DBMS > Datomic vs. Elasticsearch vs. Teradata Aster

System Properties Comparison Datomic vs. Elasticsearch vs. Teradata Aster

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDatomic  Xexclude from comparisonElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonTeradata Aster  Xexclude from comparison
Teradata Aster has been integrated into other Teradata systems and therefore will be removed from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionDatomic builds on immutable values, supports point-in-time queries and uses 3rd party systems for durabilityA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricPlatform for big data analytics on multistructured data sources and types
Primary database modelRelational DBMSSearch engineRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Vector DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.76
Rank#145  Overall
#66  Relational DBMS
Score134.78
Rank#7  Overall
#1  Search engines
Websitewww.datomic.comwww.elastic.co/­elasticsearch
Technical documentationdocs.datomic.comwww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.html
DeveloperCognitectElasticTeradata
Initial release201220102005
Current release1.0.6735, June 20238.6, January 2023
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infolimited edition freeOpen Source infoElastic Licensecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJava, ClojureJava
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMAll OS with a Java VMLinux
Data schemeyesschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentFlexible Schema (defined schema, partial schema, schema free) infodefined schema within the relational store; partial schema or schema free in the Aster File Store
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes infoin Aster File Store
Secondary indexesyesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like query languageyes
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP APIJava API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Supported programming languagesClojure
Java
.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C
C#
C++
Java
Python
R
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoTransaction FunctionsyesR packages
TriggersBy using transaction functionsyes infoby using the 'percolation' featureno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnone infoBut extensive use of caching in the application peersShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnone infoBut extensive use of caching in the application peersyesyes infoDimension tables are replicated across all nodes in the cluster. The number of replicas for the file store can be configured.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoES-Hadoop Connectoryes infoSQL Map-Reduce Framework
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configuration
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infousing external storage systems (e.g. Cassandra, DynamoDB, PostgreSQL, Couchbase and others)yesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes inforecommended only for testing and developmentMemcached and Redis integrationno
User concepts infoAccess controlnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
DatomicElasticsearchTeradata Aster
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