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DBMS > Datomic vs. Elasticsearch vs. Oracle NoSQL vs. TimesTen

System Properties Comparison Datomic vs. Elasticsearch vs. Oracle NoSQL vs. TimesTen

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDatomic  Xexclude from comparisonElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonOracle NoSQL  Xexclude from comparisonTimesTen  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDatomic builds on immutable values, supports point-in-time queries and uses 3rd party systems for durabilityA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricA multi-model, scalable, distributed NoSQL database, designed to provide highly reliable, flexible, and available data management across a configurable set of storage nodesIn-Memory RDBMS compatible to Oracle
Primary database modelRelational DBMSSearch engineDocument store
Key-value store
Relational DBMS
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.77
Rank#130  Overall
#65  Relational DBMS
Score157.72
Rank#8  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score4.23
Rank#83  Overall
#14  Document stores
#13  Key-value stores
#45  Relational DBMS
Score1.81
Rank#129  Overall
#64  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.datomic.comwww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchwww.oracle.com/­database/­technologies/­related/­nosql.htmlwww.oracle.com/­database/­technologies/­related/­timesten.html
Technical documentationdocs.datomic.comwww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmldocs.oracle.com/­en/­database/­other-databases/­nosql-database/­index.htmldocs.oracle.com/­database/­timesten-18.1
DeveloperCognitectElasticOracleOracle, TimesTen Performance Software, HP infooriginally founded in HP Labs it was acquired by Oracle in 2005
Initial release2012201020111998
Current release0.9.5951, July 20197.8.0, June 202021.2, September 202111 Release 2 (11.2.2.8.0)
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infolimited edition freeOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Elastic LicenseOpen Source infoProprietary for Enterprise Edition (Oracle Database EE license has Oracle NoSQL database EE covered: details)commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJava, ClojureJavaJava
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMAll OS with a Java VMLinux
Solaris SPARC/x86
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris SPARC/x86
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentSupport Fixed schema and Schema-less deployment with the ability to interoperate between them.yes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesoptionalyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono
Secondary indexesyesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like query languageSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP APIJava API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
RESTful HTTP APIJDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languagesClojure
Java
.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C
C#
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C
C++
Java
PL/SQL
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoTransaction FunctionsyesnoPL/SQL
TriggersBy using transaction functionsyes infoby using the 'percolation' featurenono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnone infoBut extensive use of caching in the application peersShardingShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnone infoBut extensive use of caching in the application peersyesElectable source-replica replication per shard. Support distributed global deployment with Multi-region table featureMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoES-Hadoop Connectorwith Hadoop integrationno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infodepending on configuration
Immediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configuration
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoconfigurable infoACID within a storage node (=shard)ACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infousing external storage systems (e.g. Cassandra, DynamoDB, PostgreSQL, Couchbase and others)yesyesyes infoby means of logfiles and checkpoints
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes inforecommended only for testing and developmentMemcached and Redis integrationyes infooff heap cacheyes
User concepts infoAccess controlnoAccess rights for users and rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
DatomicElasticsearchOracle NoSQLTimesTen
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