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DBMS > Datomic vs. Elasticsearch vs. Hive

System Properties Comparison Datomic vs. Elasticsearch vs. Hive

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDatomic  Xexclude from comparisonElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonHive  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDatomic builds on immutable values, supports point-in-time queries and uses 3rd party systems for durabilityA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricdata warehouse software for querying and managing large distributed datasets, built on Hadoop
Primary database modelRelational DBMSSearch engineRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Vector DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.08
Rank#132  Overall
#64  Relational DBMS
Score134.79
Rank#7  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score64.82
Rank#18  Overall
#12  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.datomic.comwww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchhive.apache.org
Technical documentationdocs.datomic.comwww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmlcwiki.apache.org/­confluence/­display/­Hive/­Home
DeveloperCognitectElasticApache Software Foundation infoinitially developed by Facebook
Initial release201220102012
Current release1.0.6735, June 20238.6, January 20233.1.3, April 2022
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infolimited edition freeOpen Source infoElastic LicenseOpen Source infoApache Version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJava, ClojureJavaJava
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMAll OS with a Java VMAll OS with a Java VM
Data schemeyesschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like query languageSQL-like DML and DDL statements
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP APIJava API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
JDBC
ODBC
Thrift
Supported programming languagesClojure
Java
.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C++
Java
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoTransaction Functionsyesyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduce
TriggersBy using transaction functionsyes infoby using the 'percolation' featureno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnone infoBut extensive use of caching in the application peersShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnone infoBut extensive use of caching in the application peersyesselectable replication factor
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoES-Hadoop Connectoryes infoquery execution via MapReduce
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnono
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infousing external storage systems (e.g. Cassandra, DynamoDB, PostgreSQL, Couchbase and others)yesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes inforecommended only for testing and developmentMemcached and Redis integration
User concepts infoAccess controlnoAccess rights for users, groups and roles

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