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DBMS > Datomic vs. EXASOL vs. GridGain vs. Snowflake

System Properties Comparison Datomic vs. EXASOL vs. GridGain vs. Snowflake

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDatomic  Xexclude from comparisonEXASOL  Xexclude from comparisonGridGain  Xexclude from comparisonSnowflake  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDatomic builds on immutable values, supports point-in-time queries and uses 3rd party systems for durabilityHigh-performance, in-memory, MPP database specifically designed for in-memory analytics.GridGain is an in-memory computing platform, built on Apache IgniteCloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured data
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSKey-value store
Relational DBMS
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.66
Rank#103  Overall
#49  Relational DBMS
Score3.40
Rank#88  Overall
#45  Relational DBMS
Score2.27
Rank#113  Overall
#23  Key-value stores
#55  Relational DBMS
Score2.59
Rank#107  Overall
#53  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.datomic.comwww.exasol.com/­en/­productswww.gridgain.comwww.snowflake.com
Technical documentationdocs.datomic.comwww.exasol.com/­en/­community/­resourceswww.gridgain.com/­docs/­latestdocs.snowflake.net/­manuals/­index.html
DeveloperCognitectExasolGridGain Systems, Inc.Snowflake Computing Inc.
Initial release2012200020072014
Current release0.9.5951, July 2019GridGain 8.5.1
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infolimited edition freecommercialcommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJava, ClojureJava, C++, .Net
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMLinux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
hosted
Data schemeyesyesyesyes infosupport of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesANSI-99 for query and DML statements, subset of DDLyes
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP API.Net
JDBC
ODBC
WebSocket
HDFS API
Hibernate
JCache
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data
CLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesClojure
Java
Java
Lua
Python
R
C#
C++
Java
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoTransaction Functionsuser defined functionsyes (compute grid and cache interceptors can be used instead)user defined functions
TriggersBy using transaction functionsyesyes (cache interceptors and events)no infosimilar concept for controling cloud resources
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnone infoBut extensive use of caching in the application peersShardingShardingyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnone infoBut extensive use of caching in the application peersyes (replicated cache)yes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infoHadoop integrationyes (compute grid and hadoop accelerator)no
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infousing external storage systems (e.g. Cassandra, DynamoDB, PostgreSQL, Couchbase and others)yesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes inforecommended only for testing and developmentyesyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlnoAccess rights for users, groups and roles according to SQL-standardSecurity Hooks for custom implementationsUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authentication

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DatomicEXASOLGridGainSnowflake
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