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DBMS > Datastax Enterprise vs. Neo4j vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison Datastax Enterprise vs. Neo4j vs. PostgreSQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDatastax Enterprise  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDataStax Enterprise (DSE) is the always-on, scalable data platform built on Apache Cassandra and designed for hybrid Cloud. DSE integrates graph, search, analytics, administration, developer tooling, and monitoring into a unified platform.Scalable, ACID-compliant graph database designed with a high-performance distributed cluster architecture, available in self-hosted and cloud offeringsWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelWide column storeGraph DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Search engine
Document store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score9.13
Rank#51  Overall
#4  Wide column stores
Score57.87
Rank#19  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score586.97
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.datastax.com/­products/­datastax-enterpriseneo4j.comwww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationdocs.datastax.comneo4j.com/­docswww.postgresql.org/­docs
DeveloperDataStaxNeo4j, Inc.PostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release201120071989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current release6.8, April 20204.3.6, October 202114.0, September 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Neo4j Aura: Neo4j’s fully managed cloud service: The zero-admin, always-on graph database for cloud developers.ScaleGrid for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageJavaJava, ScalaC
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Linux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free and schema-optionalyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like DML and DDL statements (CQL); Spark SQLnoyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsProprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language)
TinkerPop Gremlin infowith DSE Graph
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functionsuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersyesyes infovia event handleryes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infono "single point of failure"yes using Neo4j Fabricpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesconfigurable replication factor, datacenter aware, advanced replication for edge computingCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlySource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency
Tunable Consistency infoconsistency level can be individually decided with each write operation
Causal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infoRelationships in graphsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per objectUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Datastax EnterpriseNeo4jPostgreSQL
Specific characteristicsDataStax Enterprise is scale-out data infrastructure for enterprises that need to...
» more
Neo4j delivers graph technology that has been battle tested for performance and scale...
» more
Competitive advantagesSupporting the following application requirements: Zero downtime - Built on Apache...
» more
Neo4j is the market leader, graph database category creator, and the most widely...
» more
Typical application scenariosApplications that must be massively and linearly scalable with 100% uptime and able...
» more
Real-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersCapital One, Cisco, Comcast, eBay, McDonald's, Microsoft, Safeway, Sony, UBS, and...
» more
Over 800 commercial customers and over 4300 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsAmong the Forbes 100 Most Innovative Companies, DataStax is trusted by 5 of the top...
» more
Neo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than 140 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsAnnual subscription
» more
GPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
News

#GraphCast: Thinking About Algorithmic Bias in AI?
22 October 2021

From Graph to Knowledge Graph: Data Trends and Challenges
21 October 2021

How PwC Germany Combats Money Laundering in Crypto Space with Neo4j
19 October 2021

This Week in Neo4j –Twitch, Stackoverflow, Masterclass, Workshop
15 October 2021

Jim Webber with Asurion’s Julie Fisher on Her Singular Path to Graph
14 October 2021

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
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DB-Engines blog posts

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Conferences and events

Postgres Build 2021
Free Virtual Event, 30 November 2021 - 1 December 2021

Finished events

Latest Performance Features in PostgreSQL 14
On Demand Webinar, 14 October 2021 (finished)

PostgreSQL Performance Tuning Secrets
On Demand Webinar, 21 October 2021 (finished)

Recent citations in the news

Now with a Single GraphQL API Call, Developers Can Query Multiple Relational and NoSQL Databases
5 October 2021, Business Wire

DataStax Shows Strong Momentum with New Customers, Partners and Products
26 May 2021, Business Wire

DataStax Collaborates With IBM to Help Enterprises Accelerate Modern, Multi-Cloud Data Applications
23 March 2021, Business Wire

DataStax Collaborates With NetApp to Deliver Full Lifecycle Management for Cloud Native Data
20 May 2021, Business Wire

DataStax collaborates with NetApp to adopt and manage high scale, cloud native data
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provided by Google News

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22 October 2021, Puck77

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21 October 2021, Puck77

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