DBMS > Databricks vs. Snowflake vs. Virtuoso
System Properties Comparison Databricks vs. Snowflake vs. Virtuoso
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|Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
|Databricks Xexclude from comparison
|Snowflake Xexclude from comparison
|Virtuoso Xexclude from comparison
|The Databricks Lakehouse Platform combines elements of data lakes and data warehouses to provide a unified view onto structured and unstructured data. It is based on Apache Spark.
|Cloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured data
|Virtuoso is a multi-model hybrid-RDBMS that supports management of data represented as relational tables and/or property graphs
|Primary database model
Native XML DBMS
|Secondary database models
|Snowflake Computing Inc.
|7.2.11, September 2023
|License Commercial or Open Source
|Open Source GPLv2, extended commercial license available
|Cloud-based only Only available as a cloud service
|DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) Database as a Service
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|Server operating systems
|Flexible Schema (defined schema, partial schema, schema free)
|yes support of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)
|yes SQL - Standard relational schema
RDF - Quad (S, P, O, G) or Triple (S, P, O)
XML - DTD, XML Schema
DAV - freeform filesystem objects, plus User Defined Types a/k/a Dynamic Extension Type
|Typing predefined data types such as float or date
|XML support Some form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.
|SQL Support of SQL
|with Databricks SQL
|yes SQL-92, SQL-200x, SQL-3, SQLX
|APIs and other access methods
RESTful HTTP API
Jena RDF API
RESTful HTTP API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
|Supported programming languages
|Server-side scripts Stored procedures
|user defined functions and aggregates
|user defined functions
|yes Virtuoso PL
|no similar concept for controling cloud resources
|Partitioning methods Methods for storing different data on different nodes
|Replication methods Methods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodes
|Chain, star, and bi-directional replication
|MapReduce Offers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methods
|Consistency concepts Methods to ensure consistency in a distributed system
|Foreign keys Referential integrity
|Transaction concepts Support to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of data
|Concurrency Support for concurrent manipulation of data
|Durability Support for making data persistent
|In-memory capabilities Is there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.
|User concepts Access control
|Users with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authentication
|Fine-grained Attribute-Based Access Control (ABAC) in addition to typical coarse-grained Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) according to SQL-standard. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)
|More information provided by the system vendor
|Supported database models : In addition to the Document store and Relational DBMS...
|Virtuoso is a modern multi-model RDBMS for managing data represented as tabular relations...
|Performance & Scale — as exemplified by DBpedia and the LOD Cloud it spawned, i.e.,...
|Typical application scenarios
|Used for — Analytics/BI Conceptual Data Virtualization Enterprise Knowledge Graphs...
|Broad use across enterprises and governments including — European Union (EU) US Government...
|Largest installed-base of Multi-Model RDBMS for AI-friendly Knowledge Graphs Platform...
|Licensing and pricing models
|Available in both Commercial Enterprise and Open Source (GPL v2) Editions Feature...
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|CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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|DB-Engines blog posts
Snowflake is the DBMS of the Year 2022, defending the title from last year
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