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DBMS > Databricks vs. DuckDB vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics

System Properties Comparison Databricks vs. DuckDB vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDatabricks  Xexclude from comparisonDuckDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionThe Databricks Lakehouse Platform combines elements of data lakes and data warehouses to provide a unified view onto structured and unstructured data. It is based on Apache Spark.An embeddable, in-process, column-oriented SQL OLAP RDBMSElastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL Server
Primary database modelDocument store
Relational DBMS
Relational DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score76.33
Rank#17  Overall
#3  Document stores
#11  Relational DBMS
Score4.68
Rank#76  Overall
#41  Relational DBMS
Score22.71
Rank#30  Overall
#18  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.databricks.comduckdb.orgazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analytics
Technical documentationdocs.databricks.comduckdb.org/­docsdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analytics
DeveloperDatabricksMicrosoft
Initial release201320182016
Current release0.10, February 2024
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoMIT Licensecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++C++
Server operating systemshostedserver-lesshosted
Data schemeFlexible Schema (defined schema, partial schema, schema free)yesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLwith Databricks SQLyesyes
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
Arrow Database Connectivity (ADBC)
CLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesPython
R
Scala
C
C# info3rd party driver
C++
Crystal info3rd party driver
Go info3rd party driver
Java
Lisp info3rd party driver
Python
R
Ruby info3rd party driver
Rust
Swift
Zig info3rd party driver
C#
Java
PHP
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions and aggregatesnoTransact SQL
Triggersnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding, horizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesnoneyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynono infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraints
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlnoyes
More information provided by the system vendor
DatabricksDuckDBMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse
Specific characteristicsSupported database models : In addition to the Document store and Relational DBMS...
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DatabricksDuckDBMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse
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