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DBMS > Databend vs. Derby vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison Databend vs. Derby vs. PostgreSQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDatabend  Xexclude from comparisonDerby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDB  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAn open-source, elastic, and workload-aware cloud data warehouse designed to meet businesses' massive-scale analytics needs at low cost and with low complexityFull-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.Widely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Apache Age
Spatial DBMS
Vector DBMS infowith pgvector extension
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.28
Rank#300  Overall
#136  Relational DBMS
Score5.30
Rank#66  Overall
#36  Relational DBMS
Score645.05
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websitegithub.com/­datafuselabs/­databend
www.databend.com
db.apache.org/­derbywww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationdocs.databend.comdb.apache.org/­derby/­manuals/­index.htmlwww.postgresql.org/­docs
DeveloperDatabend LabsApache Software FoundationPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release202119971989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current release1.0.59, April 202310.17.1.0, November 202316.2, February 2024
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Aiven for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL for developers with 70+ extensions and flexible orchestration tools.
Implementation languageRustJavaC
Server operating systemshosted
Linux
macOS
All OS with a Java VMFreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyesyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsCLI Client
JDBC
RESTful HTTP API
JDBCADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesGo
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Rust
Java.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoJava Stored Proceduresuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersnoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenonepartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnoneSource-replica replicationSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datayesACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
DatabendDerby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDBPostgreSQL
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