DBMS > Cubrid vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. Microsoft SQL Server
System Properties Comparison Cubrid vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. Microsoft SQL Server
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|Editorial information provided by DB-Engines|
|Name||Cubrid Xexclude from comparison||Microsoft Azure SQL Database formerly SQL Azure Xexclude from comparison||Microsoft SQL Server Xexclude from comparison|
|Description||CUBRID is an open-source SQL-based relational database management system with object extensions for OLTP||Database as a Service offering with high compatibility to Microsoft SQL Server||Microsofts flagship relational DBMS|
|Primary database model||Relational DBMS||Relational DBMS||Relational DBMS|
|Secondary database models||Document store|
|Developer||CUBRID Corporation, CUBRID Foundation||Microsoft||Microsoft|
|Current release||11.0, January 2021||V12||SQL Server 2019, November 2019|
|License Commercial or Open Source||Open Source Apache Version 2.0||commercial||commercial restricted free version is available|
|Cloud-based only Only available as a cloud service||no||yes||no|
|DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) Database as a Service|
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|Implementation language||C, C++, Java||C++||C++|
|Server operating systems||Linux|
|Typing predefined data types such as float or date||yes||yes||yes|
|XML support Some form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.||no||yes||yes|
|SQL Support of SQL||yes||yes||yes|
|APIs and other access methods||ADO.NET|
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
|Supported programming languages||C|
|Server-side scripts Stored procedures||Java Stored Procedures||Transact SQL||Transact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Java|
|Partitioning methods Methods for storing different data on different nodes||none||tables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federation|
|Replication methods Methods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodes||Source-replica replication||yes, with always 3 replicas available||yes, but depending on the SQL-Server Edition|
|MapReduce Offers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methods||no||no||no|
|Consistency concepts Methods to ensure consistency in a distributed system||Immediate Consistency||Immediate Consistency||Immediate Consistency|
|Foreign keys Referential integrity||yes||yes||yes|
|Transaction concepts Support to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of data||ACID||ACID||ACID|
|Concurrency Support for concurrent manipulation of data||yes||yes||yes|
|Durability Support for making data persistent||yes||yes||yes|
|In-memory capabilities Is there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.||no||yes|
|User concepts Access control||fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard||fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard||fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard|
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|Cubrid||Microsoft Azure SQL Database formerly SQL Azure||Microsoft SQL Server|
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