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DBMS > Cubrid vs. Google Cloud Spanner vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison Cubrid vs. Google Cloud Spanner vs. PostgreSQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCubrid  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCUBRID is an open-source SQL-based relational database management system with object extensions for OLTPA horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.Widely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.36
Rank#148  Overall
#73  Relational DBMS
Score3.55
Rank#94  Overall
#50  Relational DBMS
Score597.27
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websitecubrid.com (korean)
cubrid.org (english)
cloud.google.com/­spannerwww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationcubrid.org/­manualscloud.google.com/­spanner/­docswww.postgresql.org/­docs
DeveloperCUBRID Corporation, CUBRID FoundationGooglePostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release200820171989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current release11.0, January 202114.1, November 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPLv2commercialOpen Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ScaleGrid for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageC, C++, JavaC
Server operating systemsLinux
Windows
hostedFreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011yes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJava Stored Proceduresnouser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersyesnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replicationMulti-source replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.Source-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflowno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integrityyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infoStrict serializable isolationACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonono
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
CubridGoogle Cloud SpannerPostgreSQL
DB-Engines blog posts

Driving the Future of PostgreSQL Adoption
15 November 2021,  Umair Shahid, Percona (sponsor) 

The Inexorable Rise of PostgreSQL
24 September 2021,  Matt Yonkovit, Percona (sponsor) 

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2020
4 January 2021, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

Conferences and events

Postgres Build 2021
Free Virtual Event, 30 November 2021 - 1 December 2021

Finished events

Latest Performance Features in PostgreSQL 14
On Demand Webinar, 14 October 2021 (finished)

PostgreSQL Performance Tuning Secrets
On Demand Webinar, 21 October 2021 (finished)

Recent citations in the news

Google Cloud Spanner Adds PostgreSQL Interface: Is PostgreSQL Now Standard for Cloud Databases?
29 October 2021, InfoQ.com

Google Opens Up Spanner Database With PostgreSQL Interface
13 October 2021, The Next Platform

Google Cloud launches second Bare Metal Solution zone in Sydney
19 November 2021, CRN Australia

Google Bolsters Cloud Spanner with Point-in-Time Recovery
6 April 2021, InfoQ.com

Google plays catch-up with JSON support for distributed RDBMS Spanner
8 September 2021, The Register

provided by Google News

Postgres Build 2021 Conference to Feature Leading PostgreSQL Experts
18 November 2021, Yahoo Finance

YugabyteDB 2.11 meets developer demand for comprehensive PostgreSQL compatibility
24 November 2021, Help Net Security

Google Cloud Spanner Adds PostgreSQL Interface: Is PostgreSQL Now Standard for Cloud Databases?
29 October 2021, InfoQ.com

AWS Announces the General Availability and Open Sourcing of Babelfish for PostgreSQL
2 November 2021, InfoQ.com

Enterprise PostgreSQL Hits the Cloud as EDB's 'BigAnimal'
3 November 2021, Datanami

provided by Google News

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