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DBMS > Cubrid vs. Firebird vs. Oracle vs. SAP HANA

System Properties Comparison Cubrid vs. Firebird vs. Oracle vs. SAP HANA

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCubrid  Xexclude from comparisonFirebird  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparisonSAP HANA  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCUBRID is an open-source SQL-based relational database management system with object extensions for OLTPFirebird is an open source RDBMS forked from Borland's InterBaseWidely used RDBMSIn-memory, column based data store. Available as appliance or cloud service
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Spatial DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith SAP Hana, Enterprise Edition
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.14
Rank#164  Overall
#81  Relational DBMS
Score26.03
Rank#30  Overall
#17  Relational DBMS
Score1270.35
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Score55.28
Rank#20  Overall
#13  Relational DBMS
Websitecubrid.com (korean)
cubrid.org (english)
www.firebirdsql.orgwww.oracle.com/­databasewww.sap.com/­products/­hana.html
Technical documentationcubrid.org/­manualswww.firebirdsql.org/­en/­reference-manualsdocs.oracle.com/­en/­databasehelp.sap.com/­hana
DeveloperCUBRID Corporation, CUBRID FoundationFirebird FoundationOracleSAP
Initial release20082000 infoAs fork of Borland's InterBase19802010
Current release11.0, January 20214.0, June 202119c, February 20192.0 SPS05 (June 26, 2020), June 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPLv2Open Source infoInitial Developer's Public Licensecommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono infoalso available as a cloud based service
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC, C++, JavaC and C++C and C++
Server operating systemsLinux
Windows
AIX
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
server-less infoFirebird Embedded Server
Solaris
Unix
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Appliance or cloud-service
Data schemeyesyesyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columnsyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyesyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
ADO.NET
C/C++ API
JDBC infoJaybird
ODBC
OLE DB
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C
C#
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Lua
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJava Stored ProceduresPSQLPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possibleSQLScript, R
Triggersyesyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenoneSharding, horizontal partitioningyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replicationnone infoavailable via 3rd party productsMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono infocan be realized in PL/SQLno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID infoisolation level can be parameterizedACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infoFeatures a multi-generational MVCC architecture, readers do not block writersyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'yes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers with fine-grained authorization conceptfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyes

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