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DBMS > Cubrid vs. Fauna vs. Nebula Graph vs. Snowflake

System Properties Comparison Cubrid vs. Fauna vs. Nebula Graph vs. Snowflake

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCubrid  Xexclude from comparisonFauna infopreviously named FaunaDB  Xexclude from comparisonNebula Graph  Xexclude from comparisonSnowflake  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCUBRID is an open-source SQL-based relational database management system with object extensions for OLTPFauna provides a web-native interface, with support for GraphQL and custom business logic that integrates seamlessly with the rest of the serverless ecosystem. The underlying globally distributed storage and compute platform is fast, consistent, and reliable, with a modern security infrastructure.A distributed, linear scalable, high perfomant Graph DBMSCloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured data
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Relational DBMS
Time Series DBMS
Graph DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.36
Rank#148  Overall
#73  Relational DBMS
Score1.63
Rank#139  Overall
#23  Document stores
#12  Graph DBMS
#68  Relational DBMS
#9  Time Series DBMS
Score1.14
Rank#164  Overall
#15  Graph DBMS
Score64.19
Rank#18  Overall
#12  Relational DBMS
Websitecubrid.com (korean)
cubrid.org (english)
fauna.comgithub.com/­vesoft-inc/­nebula
nebula-graph.io
www.snowflake.com
Technical documentationcubrid.org/­manualsdocs.fauna.comdocs.nebula-graph.iodocs.snowflake.net/­manuals/­index.html
DeveloperCUBRID Corporation, CUBRID FoundationFauna, Inc.Vesoft Inc.Snowflake Computing Inc.
Initial release2008201420192014
Current release11.0, January 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPLv2commercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0 + Common Clause 1.0commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC, C++, JavaScalaC++
Server operating systemsLinux
Windows
hostedLinuxhosted
Data schemeyesschema-freeStrong typed schemayes infosupport of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononoyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infoNebula Graph internally uses the Key-Value store RocksDB for persistency. The vertices, edges, and their properties are stored as Key while their values are stored as Value. The primary indexes are per Key and secondary indexes are per Value.
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesnoSQL-like query languageyes
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
RESTful HTTP APIBrowser interface
console (shell)
Proprietary native API
Query language nGQL
CLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
Go
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Scala
Swift
C++
Go
Java
Python
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJava Stored Proceduresuser defined functionsuser defined functions
Triggersyesnono infosimilar concept for controling cloud resources
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonehorizontal partitioning infoconsistent hashingShardingyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replicationMulti-source replicationCausal Clustering using Raft protocolyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyes infoRelationships in graphsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infousing RocksDByes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardIdentity management, authentication, and access controlRole-based access controlUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authentication
More information provided by the system vendor
CubridFauna infopreviously named FaunaDBNebula GraphSnowflake
News

How to Select a Graph Database: Best Practices at RoyalFlush
17 November 2021

Nebula Hackathon 2021 is live now!
16 November 2021

Nebula Graph v2.6.0 Performance Report
12 November 2021

Introducing TOSS: Achieving Eventual Consistency of Edges in Nebula Graph
11 November 2021

Nebula Graph v2.6 Release Note
8 November 2021

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More resources
CubridFauna infopreviously named FaunaDBNebula GraphSnowflake
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