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DBMS > Cubrid vs. Dgraph vs. EsgynDB vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. Google Cloud Datastore

System Properties Comparison Cubrid vs. Dgraph vs. EsgynDB vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. Google Cloud Datastore

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCubrid  Xexclude from comparisonDgraph  Xexclude from comparisonEsgynDB  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Bigtable  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Datastore  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCUBRID is an open-source SQL-based relational database management system with object extensions for OLTPDistributed and scalable native Graph DBMSEnterprise-class SQL-on-Hadoop solution, powered by Apache TrafodionGoogle's NoSQL Big Data database service. It's the same database that powers many core Google services, including Search, Analytics, Maps, and Gmail.Automatically scaling NoSQL Database as a Service (DBaaS) on the Google Cloud Platform
Primary database modelRelational DBMSGraph DBMSRelational DBMSWide column storeDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.24
Rank#158  Overall
#77  Relational DBMS
Score1.81
Rank#127  Overall
#10  Graph DBMS
Score0.27
Rank#274  Overall
#127  Relational DBMS
Score3.98
Rank#85  Overall
#6  Wide column stores
Score4.38
Rank#80  Overall
#12  Document stores
Websitecubrid.com (korean)
cubrid.org (english)
dgraph.iowww.esgyn.cncloud.google.com/­bigtablecloud.google.com/­datastore
Technical documentationcubrid.org/­manualsdgraph.io/­docscloud.google.com/­bigtable/­docscloud.google.com/­datastore/­docs
DeveloperCUBRID Corporation, CUBRID FoundationDgraph Labs, Inc.EsgynGoogleGoogle
Initial release20082016201520152008
Current release11.0, January 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPLv2Open Source infoApache 2.0commercialcommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononoyesyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC, C++, JavaGoC++, Java
Server operating systemsLinux
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linuxhostedhosted
Data schemeyesschema-freeyesschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesnoyes, details here
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonononono
Secondary indexesyesyesyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesnoyesnoSQL-like query language (GQL)
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
GraphQL query language
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HappyBase (Python library)
HBase compatible API (Java)
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC/ADO.NetC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
.Net
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJava Stored ProceduresnoJava Stored Proceduresnousing Google App Engine
TriggersyesnononoCallbacks using the Google Apps Engine
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneyesShardingShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replicationSynchronous replication via RaftMulti-source replication between multi datacentersInternal replication in Colossus, and regional replication between two clusters in different zonesMulti-source replication using Paxos
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyesyesyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflow
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate consistency (for a single cluster), Eventual consistency (for two or more replicated clusters)Immediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on type of query and configuration infoStrong Consistency is default for entity lookups and queries within an Entity Group (but can instead be made eventually consistent). Other queries are always eventual consistent.
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyesnoyes infovia ReferenceProperties or Ancestor paths
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDAtomic single-row operationsACID infoSerializable Isolation within Transactions, Read Committed outside of Transactions
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nononono
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardno infoPlanned for future releasesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)Access rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)
More information provided by the system vendor
CubridDgraphEsgynDBGoogle Cloud BigtableGoogle Cloud Datastore
Competitive advantagesHorizontally scalable transactional graph database with fast arbitrary-depth joins...
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More resources
CubridDgraphEsgynDBGoogle Cloud BigtableGoogle Cloud Datastore
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