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DBMS > CrateDB vs. Neo4j vs. TimescaleDB

System Properties Comparison CrateDB vs. Neo4j vs. TimescaleDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCrateDB  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonTimescaleDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDistributed Date Store based on LuceneScalable, ACID-compliant graph database designed with a high-performance distributed cluster architecture, available in self-hosted and cloud offeringsA time series DBMS optimized for fast ingest and complex queries, based on PostgreSQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMS
Search engine
Graph DBMSTime Series DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Time Series DBMS
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.91
Rank#182  Overall
#87  Relational DBMS
#11  Search engines
Score58.03
Rank#19  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score4.38
Rank#81  Overall
#5  Time Series DBMS
Websitecrate.ioneo4j.comwww.timescale.com
Technical documentationcrate.io/­docsneo4j.com/­docsdocs.timescale.com
DeveloperCrateNeo4j, Inc.Timescale
Initial release201320072017
Current release4.4.0, December 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen SourceOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Neo4j Aura: Neo4j’s fully managed cloud service: The zero-admin, always-on graph database for cloud developers.
Implementation languageJavaJava, ScalaC
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java 7 (and higher) VMLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeFlexible Schema (defined schema, partial schema, schema free)schema-free and schema-optionalyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesnumerics, strings, booleans, arrays, JSON blobs, geospatial dimensions, currencies, binary data, other complex data types
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes
Secondary indexesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes, but no triggers and constraintsnoyes infofull PostgreSQL SQL syntax
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET infocommunity maintained client
JDBC
MQTT (Message Queue Telemetry Transport)
PostgreSQL wire protocol
Prometheus Remote Read/Write
RESTful HTTP API
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesErlang
Go infocommunity maintained client
Java
JavaScript (Node.js) infocommunity maintained client
Perl infocommunity maintained client
PHP
Python
Ruby infocommunity maintained client
Scala infocommunity maintained client
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functionsyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functionsuser defined functions, PL/pgSQL, PL/Tcl, PL/Perl, PL/Python, PL/Java, PL/PHP, PL/R, PL/Ruby, PL/Scheme, PL/Unix shell
Triggersnoyes infovia event handleryes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingyes using Neo4j Fabricyes, across time and space (hash partitioning) attributes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factorCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlySource-replica replication with hot standby and reads on replicas info
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Read Your Own Writes Consistency infofor primary key lookups
Causal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infoRelationships in graphsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infounique row identifiers can be used for implementing an optimistic concurrency control strategyACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlrights management via user accountsUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
CrateDBNeo4jTimescaleDB
Specific characteristicsCrateDB is an open source distributed SQL database that spreads data and processing...
» more
Neo4j delivers graph technology that has been battle tested for performance and scale...
» more
Competitive advantagesCrateDB is typically used in operational analytics applications, particularly those...
» more
Neo4j is the market leader, graph database category creator, and the most widely...
» more
Typical application scenariosCrateDB is ideal for integrating and analyzing streams of data--often machine-generated--in...
» more
Real-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersCrateDB customers include McAfee, Qualtrics , Nokia, NBC Golfnow , Digital Domain...
» more
Over 800 commercial customers and over 4300 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsThe CrateDB open source project was started in 2014. CrateDB was the winner of TechCrunch...
» more
Neo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than 140 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsCrateDB pricing CrateDB Community Edition is open source and free to use under the...
» more
GPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
News

Jim Webber with Matthias Sieber: Teaching Neo4j to Make the World a Better Place
6 December 2021

This Week in Neo4j – Advent of Graphs, Neo4j 4.4, 2021 Graphie Awards, Graph Embeddings
4 December 2021

Neo4j 4.4 – The Fastest Path to Graph Database Productivity, Generally Available
2 December 2021

The Results Are In: Here Are This Year’s Graphie Award Winners
1 December 2021

What’s the ROI of a Graph Technology Investment?
30 November 2021

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesGraphable delivers expert services for Neo4j and other Graph DBMS.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
CrateDBNeo4jTimescaleDB
DB-Engines blog posts

Applying Graph Analytics to Game of Thrones
12 June 2019, Amy Hodler & Mark Needham, Neo4j (guest author)

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

The openCypher Project: Help Shape the SQL for Graphs
22 December 2015, Emil Eifrem (guest author)

show all

Recent citations in the news

Crate.io Launches CrateOM: a Smart Solution Digitalizing and Optimizing Operational Processes
23 November 2021, Business Wire

Crate ios Crateom to Enhance Operational Efficiency
7 December 2021, CIOReview

CrateDB 4.5 is Now Available as an Open Source Database
25 March 2021, Database Trends and Applications

Crate.io Announces CrateDB Will Switch to an Elasticsearch Fork Following License Change
11 February 2021, GlobeNewswire

Crate.io Expands CrateDB Cloud with the Launch of CrateDB Edge
15 April 2021, GlobeNewswire

provided by Google News

Neo4j Delivers 417% ROI in 2021 Total Economic Impact Study
18 November 2021, PRNewswire

Neo4j Announces 2021 Graphie Award Winners
1 December 2021, PRNewswire

Google's Ex-CFO Joins Board of $2bn Database Startup Neo4j
9 November 2021, Business Insider

Neo4j Will Use Funds to Expand Managed Cloud Database
9 November 2021, DevOps.com

Neo4j AuraDB Free is Now Available in Asia Pacific
15 November 2021, Data & Storage Asean

provided by Google News

Understanding Hyperfunctions in TimescaleDB
11 August 2021, CDOTrends

Timescale grabs $40M Series B as it goes all in on cloud version of time series database
5 May 2021, TechCrunch

Timescale launches the new Timescale Cloud, a hosted relational database for time-series
5 October 2021, Business Wire

Timescale scales out and sets its sights on analytics
17 June 2021, ZDNet

Timescale Launches Industry's First Multi-Node Relational Database for Time-Series Data, Giving Organizations Unprecedented Scale
29 October 2020, Business Wire

provided by Google News

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