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DBMS > CrateDB vs. MySQL vs. NebulaGraph

System Properties Comparison CrateDB vs. MySQL vs. NebulaGraph

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCrateDB  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonNebulaGraph  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDistributed Database based on LuceneWidely used open source RDBMSA distributed, linear scalable, high perfomant Graph DBMS
Primary database modelDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Search engine
Time Series DBMS
Vector DBMS
Relational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIGraph DBMS
Secondary database modelsRelational DBMSDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.91
Rank#216  Overall
#36  Document stores
#5  Spatial DBMS
#16  Search engines
#18  Time Series DBMS
#8  Vector DBMS
Score1106.67
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score2.54
Rank#127  Overall
#10  Graph DBMS
Websitecratedb.comwww.mysql.comgithub.com/­vesoft-inc/­nebula
www.nebula-graph.io
Technical documentationcratedb.com/­docsdev.mysql.com/­docdocs.nebula-graph.io
DeveloperCrateOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunVesoft Inc.
Initial release201319952019
Current release8.3.0, January 2024
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen SourceOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availableOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0 + Common Clause 1.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
CrateDB Cloud: a distributed SQL database that spreads data and processing across an elastic cluster of shared nothing nodes. CrateDB Cloud enables data insights at scale on Microsoft Azure, AWS and Google Cloud Platform.
  • Aiven for MySQL: Fully managed MySQL, deployable in the cloud of your choice, with seamless integrations and lightning-fast setup.
  • PlanetScale: Deploy a fully managed database with the reliability of MySQL and the scale of open source Vitess with PlanetScale today. Predictably scale, increase workflow velocity, and deploy features with zero downtime.
Implementation languageJavaC and C++C++
Server operating systemsAll Operating Systems, including Kubernetes with CrateDB Kubernetes Operator supportFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
Data schemeFlexible Schema (defined schema, partial schema, schema free)yesStrong typed schema
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infoNebula Graph internally uses the Key-Value store RocksDB for persistency. The vertices, edges, and their properties are stored as Key while their values are stored as Value. The primary indexes are per Key and secondary indexes are per Value.
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes, but no triggers and constraints, and PostgreSQL compatibilityyes infowith proprietary extensionsSQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
PostgreSQL wire protocol
Prometheus Remote Read/Write
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
Browser interface
console (shell)
Cypher Query Language
GO Object Graph Mapper
Java Object Graph Mapper
NGBatis infoORM framework for NebulaGraph and Spring-Boot
Proprietary native API
Python Object Graph Mapper
Query language nGQL
Supported programming languages.NET
Erlang
Go infocommunity maintained client
Java
JavaScript (Node.js) infocommunity maintained client
Perl infocommunity maintained client
PHP
Python
R
Ruby infocommunity maintained client
Scala infocommunity maintained client
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net
C++
Go
Java
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions (Javascript)yes infoproprietary syntaxuser defined functions
Triggersnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardinghorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL FabricSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesConfigurable replication on table/partition-levelMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Causal Clustering using Raft protocol
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Read-after-write consistency on record level
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infounique row identifiers can be used for implementing an optimistic concurrency control strategyACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infousing RocksDB
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlrights management via user accountsUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesRole-based access control
More information provided by the system vendor
CrateDBMySQLNebulaGraph
Specific characteristicsCrateDB is an open-source distributed SQL database that spreads data and processing...
» more
NebulaGraph is a truly distributed, linearly scalable, lightning-fast graph database,...
» more
Competitive advantagesResponse time in milliseconds: e ven for complex ad-hoc queries. Massive scaling...
» more
NebulaGraph boasts the world's only graph database solution that is able to host...
» more
Typical application scenarios​ IoT: accelerate your IIoT projects with CrateDB, delivering real-time analytics...
» more
Social networking Fraud detection Knowledge graph Data warehouse management Anti...
» more
Key customersAcross all continents, CrateDB is used by companies of all sizes to meet the most...
» more
Companies from a variety of industries have implemented NebulaGraph Database in production,...
» more
Market metricsThe CrateDB open source project was started in 2013 Honorable Mention in 2021 Gartner®...
» more
At our very early stage, NebulaGraph has already received over 9,800 stars and thousands...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsSee CrateDB pricing >
» more
NebulaGraph is open source and free to use under Apache 2.0 license.
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesAiven for MySQL: Fully managed MySQL, deployable in the cloud of your choice, with seamless integrations and lightning-fast setup.
» more

CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

Navicat for MySQL is the ideal solution for MySQL/MariaDB administration and development.
» more

PlanetScale: Deploy a fully managed serverless database with the reliability of MySQL and the tested scalability of Vitess. Predictably scale, increase workflow velocity, and deploy features with zero downtime.
Get started with a PlanetScale database today for free.
» more

Navicat Monitor is a safe, simple and agentless remote server monitoring tool for MySQL and many other database management systems.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
CrateDBMySQLNebulaGraph
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Conferences, events and webinars

How to Get the Most Out of Your Time Series Data
Webinar; 11:00–11:45 am CET and 09:00–09:45 am PT, 27 February 2024

CrateDB European Tour Amsterdam
Amsterdam, 09:00 am - 12:30 pm CET, 13 March 2024

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