DBMS > CrateDB vs. MySQL vs. NebulaGraph
System Properties Comparison CrateDB vs. MySQL vs. NebulaGraph
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|Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
|CrateDB Xexclude from comparison
|MySQL Xexclude from comparison
|NebulaGraph Xexclude from comparison
|Distributed Database based on Lucene
|Widely used open source RDBMS
|A distributed, linear scalable, high perfomant Graph DBMS
|Primary database model
Time Series DBMS
|Relational DBMS Key/Value like access via memcached API
|Secondary database models
|Oracle since 2010, originally MySQL AB, then Sun
|8.3.0, January 2024
|License Commercial or Open Source
|Open Source GPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are available
|Open Source Apache Version 2.0 + Common Clause 1.0
|Cloud-based only Only available as a cloud service
|DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) Database as a Service
Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
|CrateDB Cloud: a distributed SQL database that spreads data and processing across an elastic cluster of shared nothing nodes. CrateDB Cloud enables data insights at scale on Microsoft Azure, AWS and Google Cloud Platform.
|C and C++
|Server operating systems
|All Operating Systems, including Kubernetes with CrateDB Kubernetes Operator support
|Flexible Schema (defined schema, partial schema, schema free)
|Strong typed schema
|Typing predefined data types such as float or date
|XML support Some form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.
|yes Nebula Graph internally uses the Key-Value store RocksDB for persistency. The vertices, edges, and their properties are stored as Key while their values are stored as Value. The primary indexes are per Key and secondary indexes are per Value.
|SQL Support of SQL
|yes, but no triggers and constraints, and PostgreSQL compatibility
|yes with proprietary extensions
|SQL-like query language
|APIs and other access methods
PostgreSQL wire protocol
Prometheus Remote Read/Write
RESTful HTTP API
Proprietary native API
Cypher Query Language
GO Object Graph Mapper
Java Object Graph Mapper
NGBatis ORM framework for NebulaGraph and Spring-Boot
Proprietary native API
Python Object Graph Mapper
Query language nGQL
|Supported programming languages
Go community maintained client
Perl community maintained client
Ruby community maintained client
Scala community maintained client
|Server-side scripts Stored procedures
|yes proprietary syntax
|user defined functions
|Partitioning methods Methods for storing different data on different nodes
|horizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabric
|Replication methods Methods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodes
|Configurable replication on table/partition-level
|Causal Clustering using Raft protocol
|MapReduce Offers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methods
|Consistency concepts Methods to ensure consistency in a distributed system
Read-after-write consistency on record level
|Foreign keys Referential integrity
|yes not for MyISAM storage engine
|yes Relationships in graphs
|Transaction concepts Support to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of data
|no unique row identifiers can be used for implementing an optimistic concurrency control strategy
|ACID not for MyISAM storage engine
|Concurrency Support for concurrent manipulation of data
|yes table locks or row locks depending on storage engine
|Durability Support for making data persistent
|yes using RocksDB
|In-memory capabilities Is there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.
|User concepts Access control
|rights management via user accounts
|Users with fine-grained authorization concept no user groups or roles
|Role-based access control
|More information provided by the system vendor
|CrateDB is an open-source distributed SQL database that spreads data and processing...
|NebulaGraph is a truly distributed, linearly scalable, lightning-fast graph database,...
|Response time in milliseconds: e ven for complex ad-hoc queries. Massive scaling...
|NebulaGraph boasts the world's only graph database solution that is able to host...
|Typical application scenarios
| IoT: accelerate your IIoT projects with CrateDB, delivering real-time analytics...
|Social networking Fraud detection Knowledge graph Data warehouse management Anti...
|Across all continents, CrateDB is used by companies of all sizes to meet the most...
|Companies from a variety of industries have implemented NebulaGraph Database in production,...
|The CrateDB open source project was started in 2013 Honorable Mention in 2021 Gartner®...
|At our very early stage, NebulaGraph has already received over 9,800 stars and thousands...
|Licensing and pricing models
|See CrateDB pricing >
|NebulaGraph is open source and free to use under Apache 2.0 license.
We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
|Related products and services
|Aiven for MySQL: Fully managed MySQL, deployable in the cloud of your choice, with seamless integrations and lightning-fast setup.
CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
Navicat for MySQL is the ideal solution for MySQL/MariaDB administration and development.
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Navicat Monitor is a safe, simple and agentless remote server monitoring tool for MySQL and many other database management systems.
We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.
|DB-Engines blog posts
MySQL is the DBMS of the Year 2019 MariaDB strengthens its position in the open source RDBMS market The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
MariaDB strengthens its position in the open source RDBMS market The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
|Conferences, events and webinars
How to Get the Most Out of Your Time Series Data
CrateDB European Tour Amsterdam
|Recent citations in the news
CrateDB Appoints Sergey Gerasimenko as New CTO
Sergey Gerasimenko Steps Up as CrateDB's New CTO: A Strategic Leap Forward
10 Lesser-Known Databases. Discover Hidden Gems | by Abnoan Muniz
Real-Time Analytics Database Company CrateDB Names Lars Färnström as New CEO
How We Designed CrateDB as a Realtime SQL DBMS for the Internet of Things
provided by Google News
Amazon RDS for MySQL supports new minor version 8.0.36
.NET Aspire Preview 3: Expanded Component Support with Azure OpenAI, MySQL, CosmosDB, Kafka and More
Column names from headers in data files with MySQL HeatWave Lakehouse
provided by Google News
Vesoft (NebulaGraph) Recognized in the Gartner® Market Guide for Graph Database Management Systems
NebulaGraph reaps from China’s growing appetite for graph databases
Beginner’s Guide to NebulaGraph Database | by Ng Wai Foong
Open Source NebulaGraph Database Raises Tens of Millions of Dollars in Series A Funding
NebulaGraph Completes Series A to Scale Its Distributed Graph Database
provided by Google News
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