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DBMS > CrateDB vs. MongoDB vs. Nebula Graph vs. TimescaleDB

System Properties Comparison CrateDB vs. MongoDB vs. Nebula Graph vs. TimescaleDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCrateDB  Xexclude from comparisonMongoDB  Xexclude from comparisonNebula Graph  Xexclude from comparisonTimescaleDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDistributed Date Store based on LuceneOne of the most popular document stores available both as a fully managed cloud service and for deployment on self-managed infrastructureA distributed, linear scalable, high perfomant Graph DBMSA time series DBMS optimized for fast ingest and complex queries, based on PostgreSQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMS
Search engine
Document storeGraph DBMSTime Series DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Time Series DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Search engine infointegrated Lucene index, currently in MongoDB Atlas only.
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.80
Rank#194  Overall
#95  Relational DBMS
#12  Search engines
Score488.22
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Score1.04
Rank#170  Overall
#15  Graph DBMS
Score3.24
Rank#93  Overall
#5  Time Series DBMS
Websitecrate.iowww.mongodb.comgithub.com/­vesoft-inc/­nebula
nebula-graph.io
www.timescale.com
Technical documentationcrate.io/­docsdocs.mongodb.com/­manualdocs.nebula-graph.iodocs.timescale.com
DeveloperCrateMongoDB, IncVesoft Inc.Timescale
Initial release2013200920192017
Current release4.4.5, April 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen SourceOpen Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.Open Source infoApache Version 2.0 + Common Clause 1.0Open Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)nono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaC++C++C
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java 7 (and higher) VMLinux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
LinuxLinux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeFlexible Schema (defined schema, partial schema, schema free)schema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.Strong typed schemayes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatialyesnumerics, strings, booleans, arrays, JSON blobs, geospatial dimensions, currencies, binary data, other complex data types
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infoNebula Graph internally uses the Key-Value store RocksDB for persistency. The vertices, edges, and their properties are stored as Key while their values are stored as Value. The primary indexes are per Key and secondary indexes are per Value.yes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes, but no triggers and constraintsRead-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Connector for BISQL-like query languageyes infofull PostgreSQL SQL syntax
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET infocommunity maintained client
JDBC
MQTT (Message Queue Telemetry Transport)
PostgreSQL wire protocol
Prometheus Remote Read/Write
RESTful HTTP API
proprietary protocol using JSONBrowser interface
console (shell)
Proprietary native API
Query language nGQL
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesErlang
Go infocommunity maintained client
Java
JavaScript (Node.js) infocommunity maintained client
Perl infocommunity maintained client
PHP
Python
Ruby infocommunity maintained client
Scala infocommunity maintained client
Actionscript infounofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infounofficial driver
ColdFusion infounofficial driver
D infounofficial driver
Dart infounofficial driver
Delphi infounofficial driver
Erlang
Go
Groovy infounofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp infounofficial driver
Lua infounofficial driver
MatLab infounofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infounofficial driver
Prolog infounofficial driver
Python
R infounofficial driver
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Smalltalk infounofficial driver
Swift
C++
Go
Java
Python
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functionsJavaScriptuser defined functions, PL/pgSQL, PL/Tcl, PL/Perl, PL/Python, PL/Java, PL/PHP, PL/R, PL/Ruby, PL/Scheme, PL/Unix shell
Triggersnoyes infoin MongoDB Atlas onlyyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infopartitioned by hashed, ranged, or zoned sharding keysShardingyes, across time and space (hash partitioning) attributes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factorMulti-Source deployments with MongoDB Atlas Global Clusters
Source-replica replication
Causal Clustering using Raft protocolSource-replica replication with hot standby and reads on replicas info
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Read Your Own Writes Consistency infofor primary key lookups
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynono infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possibleyes infoRelationships in graphsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infounique row identifiers can be used for implementing an optimistic concurrency control strategyMulti-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolationACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infooptionalyes infousing RocksDByes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlrights management via user accountsAccess rights for users and rolesRole-based access controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
CrateDBMongoDBNebula GraphTimescaleDB
Specific characteristicsCrateDB is an open source distributed SQL database that spreads data and processing...
» more
MongoDB is the leading modern, general purpose data platform, designed to unleash...
» more
Nebula Graph is a truly distributed, linearly scalable, lightning-fast graph database,...
» more
Timescale is the creator of TimescaleDB , the first open-source relational database...
» more
Competitive advantagesCrateDB is typically used in operational analytics applications, particularly those...
» more
The MongoDB platform can be used by developers building transactional, operational,...
» more
Nebula Graph boasts the world's only graph database solution that is able to host...
» more
TimescaleDB is purpose-built to scale and handle time-series data workloads and is...
» more
Typical application scenariosCrateDB is ideal for integrating and analyzing streams of data--often machine-generated--in...
» more
Internet of Things and Time Series (Bosch, Jaguar Land Rover) Mobile (The Weather...
» more
Social networking Fraud detection Knowledge graph Data warehouse management Anti...
» more
DevOps and Infrastructure Monitoring All monitoring data is time-series data. Efficiently...
» more
Key customersCrateDB customers include McAfee, Qualtrics , Nokia, NBC Golfnow , Digital Domain...
» more
ADP, Adobe, Amadeus, AstraZeneca, Auto Trader, Barclays, BBVA, Bosch, Cisco, CERN,...
» more
Currently we have some top internet companies in China implementing Nebula Graph...
» more
TransferWise, Maersk, AppDynamics, Walmart, Comcast, LaunchDarkly, IBM, NOV, Cisco,...
» more
Market metricsThe CrateDB open source project was started in 2014. CrateDB was the winner of TechCrunch...
» more
125 million downloads (growing at more than 30 thousand downloads per day), over...
» more
At our very early stage, Nebula Graph has already received 3.5k stars and thousands...
» more
With over 9,000 GitHub stars and growing, 600,000 active databases, and an active...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsCrateDB pricing CrateDB Community Edition is open source and free to use under the...
» more
MongoDB database server: Server-Side Public License (SSPL) . Commercial licenses...
» more
Nebula Graph is open source and free to use under Apache 2.0 license and Common Clause...
» more
TimescaleDB comes in 3 versions, including fully managed Cloud-hosted solutions*,...
» more
News

Community Contribution | Nebula Graph 2.0 Performance Testing
18 June 2021

BDD-Based Integration Testing Framework for Nebula Graph: Part Ⅰ
10 June 2021

Using Ansible to Automate Deployment of Nebula Graph Cluster
4 June 2021

Handling Tens of Billions of Threat Intelligence Data with Graph Database at Kuaishou
27 May 2021

Storage Format in Nebula Graph v2.0.0
12 May 2021

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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
CrateDBMongoDBNebula GraphTimescaleDB
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Recent citations in the news

Crate.io raises $10M to grow its database platform
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