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DBMS > CrateDB vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. SAP HANA

System Properties Comparison CrateDB vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. SAP HANA

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCrateDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonSAP HANA  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDistributed Date Store based on LuceneMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSIn-memory, column based data store. Available as appliance or cloud service
Primary database modelRelational DBMS
Search engine
Relational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Time Series DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith SAP Hana, Enterprise Edition
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.83
Rank#194  Overall
#95  Relational DBMS
#12  Search engines
Score973.35
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score55.57
Rank#19  Overall
#12  Relational DBMS
Websitecrate.iowww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.sap.com/­products/­hana.html
Technical documentationcrate.io/­docsdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverhelp.sap.com/­hana
DeveloperCrateMicrosoftSAP
Initial release201319892010
Current releaseSQL Server 2019, November 20192.0 SPS05 (June 26, 2020), June 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Sourcecommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono infoalso available as a cloud based service
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaC++
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java 7 (and higher) VMLinux
Windows
Appliance or cloud-service
Data schemeFlexible Schema (defined schema, partial schema, schema free)yesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes, but no triggers and constraintsyesyes
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET infocommunity maintained client
JDBC
MQTT (Message Queue Telemetry Transport)
PostgreSQL wire protocol
Prometheus Remote Read/Write
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesErlang
Go infocommunity maintained client
Java
JavaScript (Node.js) infocommunity maintained client
Perl infocommunity maintained client
PHP
Python
Ruby infocommunity maintained client
Scala infocommunity maintained client
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functionsTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) JavaSQLScript, R
Triggersnoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingtables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factoryes, but depending on the SQL-Server Editionyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Read Your Own Writes Consistency infofor primary key lookups
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infounique row identifiers can be used for implementing an optimistic concurrency control strategyACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlrights management via user accountsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyes
More information provided by the system vendor
CrateDBMicrosoft SQL ServerSAP HANA
Specific characteristicsCrateDB is an open source distributed SQL database that spreads data and processing...
» more
Competitive advantagesCrateDB is typically used in operational analytics applications, particularly those...
» more
Typical application scenariosCrateDB is ideal for integrating and analyzing streams of data--often machine-generated--in...
» more
Key customersCrateDB customers include McAfee, Qualtrics , Nokia, NBC Golfnow , Digital Domain...
» more
Market metricsThe CrateDB open source project was started in 2014. CrateDB was the winner of TechCrunch...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsCrateDB pricing CrateDB Community Edition is open source and free to use under the...
» more

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More resources
CrateDBMicrosoft SQL ServerSAP HANA
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Recent citations in the news

CrateDB 4.5 takes distributed SQL database open source
24 March 2021, TechTarget

Crate.io Expands CrateDB Cloud with the Launch of CrateDB Edge
15 April 2021, GlobeNewswire

Crate.io Open Sources the Entire Codebase of CrateDB – the
24 March 2021, GlobeNewswire

CrateDB 4.5 is Now Available as an Open Source Database
25 March 2021, Database Trends and Applications

Crate.io Announces CrateDB Will Switch to an Elasticsearch Fork Following License Change
11 February 2021, GlobeNewswire

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