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DBMS > CrateDB vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Oracle vs. SAP HANA

System Properties Comparison CrateDB vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Oracle vs. SAP HANA

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCrateDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparisonSAP HANA  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDistributed Date Store based on LuceneMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSWidely used RDBMSIn-memory, column based data store. Available as appliance or cloud service
Primary database modelRelational DBMS
Search engine
Relational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Spatial DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith SAP Hana, Enterprise Edition
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.80
Rank#194  Overall
#95  Relational DBMS
#12  Search engines
Score991.07
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score1270.94
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Score54.11
Rank#19  Overall
#12  Relational DBMS
Websitecrate.iowww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.oracle.com/­databasewww.sap.com/­products/­hana.html
Technical documentationcrate.io/­docsdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverdocs.oracle.com/­en/­databasehelp.sap.com/­hana
DeveloperCrateMicrosoftOracleSAP
Initial release2013198919802010
Current releaseSQL Server 2019, November 201919c, February 20192.0 SPS05 (June 26, 2020), June 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Sourcecommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono infoalso available as a cloud based service
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaC++C and C++
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java 7 (and higher) VMLinux
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Appliance or cloud-service
Data schemeFlexible Schema (defined schema, partial schema, schema free)yesyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columnsyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesyesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes, but no triggers and constraintsyesyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET infocommunity maintained client
JDBC
MQTT (Message Queue Telemetry Transport)
PostgreSQL wire protocol
Prometheus Remote Read/Write
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesErlang
Go infocommunity maintained client
Java
JavaScript (Node.js) infocommunity maintained client
Perl infocommunity maintained client
PHP
Python
Ruby infocommunity maintained client
Scala infocommunity maintained client
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functionsTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) JavaPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possibleSQLScript, R
Triggersnoyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingtables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationSharding, horizontal partitioningyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factoryes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono infocan be realized in PL/SQLno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Read Your Own Writes Consistency infofor primary key lookups
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infounique row identifiers can be used for implementing an optimistic concurrency control strategyACIDACID infoisolation level can be parameterizedACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'yes
User concepts infoAccess controlrights management via user accountsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyes

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More resources
CrateDBMicrosoft SQL ServerOracleSAP HANA
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Recent citations in the news

Crate.io Expands CrateDB Cloud with the Launch of CrateDB Edge
15 April 2021, GlobeNewswire

CrateDB 4.5 is Now Available as an Open Source Database
25 March 2021, Database Trends and Applications

CrateDB 4.5 takes distributed SQL database open source
24 March 2021, TechTarget

CrateDB takes distributed SQL DB fully open source with release of v4.5 • DEVCLASS
25 March 2021, DevClass

Crate.io Announces CrateDB Will Switch to an Elasticsearch Fork Following License Change
11 February 2021, GlobeNewswire

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Simplify and modernize your journey to SAP HANA | 28th May 2021
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SAP HANA and S4HANA Market to Witness Huge Growth by 2028 | Top Manufacturers -, – KSU | The Sentinel Newspaper
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