DB-EnginesInfluxDB: Focus on building software with an easy-to-use serverless, scalable time series platformEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > CrateDB vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Stardog vs. TempoIQ

System Properties Comparison CrateDB vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Stardog vs. TempoIQ

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCrateDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparisonTempoIQ infoformerly TempoDB  Xexclude from comparison
TempoIQ seems to be decommissioned. It will be removed from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionDistributed Date Store based on LuceneDatabase as a Service offering with high compatibility to Microsoft SQL ServerMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSEnterprise Knowledge Graph platform and graph DBMS with high availability, high performance reasoning, and virtualizationScalable analytics DBMS for sensor data, provided as a service (SaaS)
Primary database modelRelational DBMS
Search engine
Relational DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
Time Series DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Time Series DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.97
Rank#179  Overall
#87  Relational DBMS
#12  Search engines
Score86.32
Rank#14  Overall
#9  Relational DBMS
Score944.81
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score1.89
Rank#124  Overall
#10  Graph DBMS
#6  RDF stores
Websitecrate.ioazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­sql-databasewww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.stardog.comtempoiq.com (offline)
Technical documentationcrate.io/­docsdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­azure-sqldocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverdocs.stardog.com
DeveloperCrateMicrosoftMicrosoftStardog-UnionTempoIQ
Initial release20132010198920102012
Current releaseV12SQL Server 2019, November 20197.3.0, May 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Sourcecommercialcommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/studentscommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnonoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaC++C++Java
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java 7 (and higher) VMhostedLinux
Windows
Linux
macOS
Windows
Data schemeFlexible Schema (defined schema, partial schema, schema free)yesyesschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema supportschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesyesno infoImport/export of XML data possibleno
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatial
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes, but no triggers and constraintsyesyesYes, compatible with all major SQL variants through dedicated BI/SQL Serverno
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET infocommunity maintained client
JDBC
MQTT (Message Queue Telemetry Transport)
PostgreSQL wire protocol
Prometheus Remote Read/Write
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
HTTP API
Supported programming languagesErlang
Go infocommunity maintained client
Java
JavaScript (Node.js) infocommunity maintained client
Perl infocommunity maintained client
PHP
Python
Ruby infocommunity maintained client
Scala infocommunity maintained client
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
C#
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functionsTransact SQLTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javauser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Javano
Triggersnoyesyesyes infovia event handlersyes infoRealtime Alerts
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingtables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factoryes, with always 3 replicas availableyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionMulti-source replication in HA-Cluster
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Read Your Own Writes Consistency infofor primary key lookups
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency in HA-Cluster
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyesyes inforelationships in graphsno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infounique row identifiers can be used for implementing an optimistic concurrency control strategyACIDACIDACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlrights management via user accountsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and rolessimple authentication-based access control
More information provided by the system vendor
CrateDBMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzureMicrosoft SQL ServerStardogTempoIQ infoformerly TempoDB
Specific characteristicsCrateDB is an open source distributed SQL database that spreads data and processing...
» more
Stardog is an Enterprise Knowledge Graph platform, uniquely combining graph storage...
» more
Competitive advantagesCrateDB is typically used in operational analytics applications, particularly those...
» more
Stardog provides a full featureset to aid in data integration for your complex data....
» more
Typical application scenariosCrateDB is ideal for integrating and analyzing streams of data--often machine-generated--in...
» more
Stardog is frequently used for: Anti-money laundering & fraud monitoring Customer...
» more
Key customersCrateDB customers include McAfee, Qualtrics , Nokia, NBC Golfnow , Digital Domain...
» more
Bosch, Dow Jones, Elsevier, Ericsson, Morgan Stanley, NASA, NIH, Nokia, Salesforce,...
» more
Market metricsThe CrateDB open source project was started in 2014. CrateDB was the winner of TechCrunch...
» more
Stardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsCrateDB pricing CrateDB Community Edition is open source and free to use under the...
» more
A fully-featured 60-day Trial license is available for those testing Stardog; contact...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesNavicat for SQL Server gives you a fully graphical approach to database management and development.
» more

DBHawk: Secure access to SQL, NoSQL and Cloud databases with an all-in-one solution.
» more

SQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
» more

Fivetran: Quickly and easily centralize your on-premise and cloud databases.
» more

Navicat Monitor is a safe, simple and agentless remote server monitoring tool for SQL Server and many other database management systems.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
CrateDBMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzureMicrosoft SQL ServerStardogTempoIQ infoformerly TempoDB
DB-Engines blog posts

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2020
4 January 2021, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Cloud-based DBMS's popularity grows at high rates
12 December 2019, Paul Andlinger

The popularity of cloud-based DBMSs has increased tenfold in four years
7 February 2017, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

MySQL is the DBMS of the Year 2019
3 January 2020, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

Microsoft SQL Server is the DBMS of the Year
4 January 2017, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

show all

Recent citations in the news

Data 2022 outlook, part one: Will data clouds get easier? Will streaming get off its own island?
3 January 2022, ZDNet

Microsoft builds distributed ledger for Azure SQL database
26 May 2021, TechTarget

Understanding Dirty Reads: What NOLOCK Does to Your Queries
21 January 2022, Redmondmag.com

Microsoft's cloud-connected on-prem database: SQL Server 2022 rolls out in private preview
2 November 2021, ZDNet

How To Automate Tasks in Azure SQL Database
22 January 2021, Redmondmag.com

provided by Google News

How to Download Microsoft SQL Server 2019 on Windows 11
27 January 2022, BollyInside

High Availability for Containerized SQL Server in K8s
24 January 2022, Container Journal

Senior SQL Server Developer
28 January 2022, IT-Online

PureCM Supports SQL Server with Current Release of its Version Control Solution
31 July 2010, Database Journal

SQL Server Transformation Market Size, Business Opportunities and Forecast to 2029 – The Oxford Spokesman
28 January 2022, The Oxford Spokesman

provided by Google News

Latest Update on Big Data And Analytics Market Research Report by Growth Size, Key Segmentation and Competitive Landscape – Construction News Portal
29 January 2022, Construction News Portal

IIoT and Cloud Computing Market Analysis; By Key Players, Applications, Growth Trends, Share & Segment Forecast to 2027 – The Oxford Spokesman
26 January 2022, The Oxford Spokesman

TempoIQ Adds Updates to Its IoT PaaS NoCode Platform
10 November 2015, App Developer Magazine

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Data Pipeline Engineer III, Search Engineering
Mailchimp, California

Data Engineer - Python & Agile required - Remote
Vesper Wave, Remote

Technical Support Engineering - Azure SQL Database (PaaS)
Microsoft, Charlotte, NC

Azure SQL Database Administrator
General Motors, Austin, TX

Software Engineer
Microsoft, Austin, TX

Azure Support Engineer
DHL eCommerce, Norcross, GA

SQL Server Database Developer (Hybrid- Home & Office)
Managed Health Care Associates, Florham Park, NJ

Support Engineer - SQL Server
Microsoft, Charlotte, NC

SQL Server Database Administrators
Ziras Technologies, Newark, DE

Microsoft SQL Server DBA - Chicago, IL
Apexon, Chicago, IL

SQL Server Support Engineer
Covestic, Remote

SQL Server Database Administrator
Nationwide IT Services, Inc, Reston, VA

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Couchbase logo

The modern database for enterprise applications. Build fast. Scale Big. Save more.
Get started today.

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 80GB free.

Vertica logo

Vertica Accelerator. The fastest analytics and machine learning, delivered as SaaS, with automated setup, administration, and management. Free trial.

Neo4j logo

See for yourself how a graph database can make your life easier.
Use Neo4j online for free.

Present your product here