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DBMS > CrateDB vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. NebulaGraph

System Properties Comparison CrateDB vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. NebulaGraph

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCrateDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonNebulaGraph  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDistributed Database based on LuceneGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceA distributed, linear scalable, high perfomant Graph DBMS
Primary database modelDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Search engine
Time Series DBMS
Vector DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Graph DBMS
Secondary database modelsRelational DBMSSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.91
Rank#216  Overall
#36  Document stores
#5  Spatial DBMS
#16  Search engines
#18  Time Series DBMS
#8  Vector DBMS
Score31.99
Rank#27  Overall
#4  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score2.54
Rank#127  Overall
#10  Graph DBMS
Websitecratedb.comazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbgithub.com/­vesoft-inc/­nebula
www.nebula-graph.io
Technical documentationcratedb.com/­docslearn.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-dbdocs.nebula-graph.io
DeveloperCrateMicrosoftVesoft Inc.
Initial release201320142019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0 + Common Clause 1.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
CrateDB Cloud: a distributed SQL database that spreads data and processing across an elastic cluster of shared nothing nodes. CrateDB Cloud enables data insights at scale on Microsoft Azure, AWS and Google Cloud Platform.
Implementation languageJavaC++
Server operating systemsAll Operating Systems, including Kubernetes with CrateDB Kubernetes Operator supporthostedLinux
Data schemeFlexible Schema (defined schema, partial schema, schema free)schema-freeStrong typed schema
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infoJSON typesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultyes infoNebula Graph internally uses the Key-Value store RocksDB for persistency. The vertices, edges, and their properties are stored as Key while their values are stored as Value. The primary indexes are per Key and secondary indexes are per Value.
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes, but no triggers and constraints, and PostgreSQL compatibilitySQL-like query languageSQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
PostgreSQL wire protocol
Prometheus Remote Read/Write
RESTful HTTP API
DocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
Browser interface
console (shell)
Cypher Query Language
GO Object Graph Mapper
Java Object Graph Mapper
NGBatis infoORM framework for NebulaGraph and Spring-Boot
Proprietary native API
Python Object Graph Mapper
Query language nGQL
Supported programming languages.NET
Erlang
Go infocommunity maintained client
Java
JavaScript (Node.js) infocommunity maintained client
Perl infocommunity maintained client
PHP
Python
R
Ruby infocommunity maintained client
Scala infocommunity maintained client
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
.Net
C++
Go
Java
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions (Javascript)JavaScriptuser defined functions
TriggersnoJavaScript
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesConfigurable replication on table/partition-levelyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceCausal Clustering using Raft protocol
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnowith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*no
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Read-after-write consistency on record level
Bounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infounique row identifiers can be used for implementing an optimistic concurrency control strategyMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infousing RocksDB
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlrights management via user accountsAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelRole-based access control
More information provided by the system vendor
CrateDBMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBNebulaGraph
Specific characteristicsCrateDB is an open-source distributed SQL database that spreads data and processing...
» more
NebulaGraph is a truly distributed, linearly scalable, lightning-fast graph database,...
» more
Competitive advantagesResponse time in milliseconds: e ven for complex ad-hoc queries. Massive scaling...
» more
NebulaGraph boasts the world's only graph database solution that is able to host...
» more
Typical application scenarios​ IoT: accelerate your IIoT projects with CrateDB, delivering real-time analytics...
» more
Social networking Fraud detection Knowledge graph Data warehouse management Anti...
» more
Key customersAcross all continents, CrateDB is used by companies of all sizes to meet the most...
» more
Companies from a variety of industries have implemented NebulaGraph Database in production,...
» more
Market metricsThe CrateDB open source project was started in 2013 Honorable Mention in 2021 Gartner®...
» more
At our very early stage, NebulaGraph has already received over 9,800 stars and thousands...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsSee CrateDB pricing >
» more
NebulaGraph is open source and free to use under Apache 2.0 license.
» more

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
CrateDBMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBNebulaGraph
Conferences, events and webinars

How to Get the Most Out of Your Time Series Data
Webinar; 11:00–11:45 am CET and 09:00–09:45 am PT, 27 February 2024

CrateDB European Tour Amsterdam
Amsterdam, 09:00 am - 12:30 pm CET, 13 March 2024

Recent citations in the news

CrateDB Appoints Sergey Gerasimenko as New CTO
19 February 2024, AiThority

Sergey Gerasimenko Steps Up as CrateDB's New CTO: A Strategic Leap Forward
19 February 2024, BNN Breaking

10 Lesser-Known Databases. Discover Hidden Gems | by Abnoan Muniz
28 September 2023, DataDrivenInvestor

Real-Time Analytics Database Company CrateDB Names Lars Färnström as New CEO
1 March 2023, Business Wire

How We Designed CrateDB as a Realtime SQL DBMS for the Internet of Things
29 August 2017, The New Stack

provided by Google News

New Azure Cosmos DB Features to Boost Performance and Optimize Cost
26 June 2023, InfoQ.com

Azure Cosmos DB joins the AI toolchain
23 May 2023, InfoWorld

Microsoft Azure AI, data, and application innovations help turn your AI ambitions into reality
15 November 2023, Microsoft

How to Migrate Azure Cosmos DB Databases | by Arwin Lashawn
25 August 2023, DataDrivenInvestor

Microsoft Benchmarks Distributed PostgreSQL DBs
10 July 2023, Datanami

provided by Google News

Vesoft (NebulaGraph) Recognized in the Gartner® Market Guide for Graph Database Management Systems
15 November 2023, PR Newswire

NebulaGraph reaps from China’s growing appetite for graph databases
16 September 2022, TechCrunch

Beginner’s Guide to NebulaGraph Database | by Ng Wai Foong
26 October 2022, Towards Data Science

Open Source NebulaGraph Database Raises Tens of Millions of Dollars in Series A Funding
16 September 2022, PR.com

NebulaGraph Completes Series A to Scale Its Distributed Graph Database
16 September 2022, Datanami

provided by Google News



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