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DBMS > CrateDB vs. Memgraph vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. TimescaleDB

System Properties Comparison CrateDB vs. Memgraph vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. TimescaleDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCrateDB  Xexclude from comparisonMemgraph  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonTimescaleDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDistributed Date Store based on LuceneA hybrid, in-memory first, distributed graph DBMS delivering high-performance on analytical and transactional workloads at enterprise scaleMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSA time series DBMS optimized for fast ingest and complex queries, based on PostgreSQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMS
Search engine
Graph DBMSRelational DBMSTime Series DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Time Series DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.97
Rank#178  Overall
#86  Relational DBMS
#13  Search engines
Score0.37
Rank#261  Overall
#20  Graph DBMS
Score941.20
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score4.70
Rank#83  Overall
#5  Time Series DBMS
Websitecrate.iomemgraph.comwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.timescale.com
Technical documentationcrate.io/­docsdocs.memgraph.comdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverdocs.timescale.com
Social network pagesLinkedInTwitterFacebookDiscordGitHub
DeveloperCrateMemgraph LtdMicrosoftTimescale
Initial release2013201719892017
Current releaseSQL Server 2019, November 20192.6.0, February 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Sourcecommercial infoFree license availablecommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaC and C++C++C
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java 7 (and higher) VMLinuxLinux
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeFlexible Schema (defined schema, partial schema, schema free)schema-free and schema-optionalyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesnumerics, strings, booleans, arrays, JSON blobs, geospatial dimensions, currencies, binary data, other complex data types
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes, but no triggers and constraintsnoyesyes infofull PostgreSQL SQL syntax
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET infocommunity maintained client
JDBC
MQTT (Message Queue Telemetry Transport)
PostgreSQL wire protocol
Prometheus Remote Read/Write
RESTful HTTP API
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesErlang
Go infocommunity maintained client
Java
JavaScript (Node.js) infocommunity maintained client
Perl infocommunity maintained client
PHP
Python
Ruby infocommunity maintained client
Scala infocommunity maintained client
.Net
C
C++
Elixir
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functionsTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javauser defined functions, PL/pgSQL, PL/Tcl, PL/Perl, PL/Python, PL/Java, PL/PHP, PL/R, PL/Ruby, PL/Scheme, PL/Unix shell
Triggersnoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infodynamic graph partitioningtables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationyes, across time and space (hash partitioning) attributes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factorMulti-source replication using RAFTyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionSource-replica replication with hot standby and reads on replicas info
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Read Your Own Writes Consistency infofor primary key lookups
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes inforelationships in graphsyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infounique row identifiers can be used for implementing an optimistic concurrency control strategyACID infowith snapshot isolationACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infowith periodic snapshot and write-ahead logging (WAL) of changesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlrights management via user accountsUsers, roles and permissionsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
CrateDBMemgraphMicrosoft SQL ServerTimescaleDB
Specific characteristicsCrateDB is an open source distributed SQL database that spreads data and processing...
» more
Memgraph directly connects to your streaming infrastructure so you and your team...
» more
Timescale is the creator of TimescaleDB , the first open-source relational database...
» more
Competitive advantagesCrateDB is typically used in operational analytics applications, particularly those...
» more
Business Source License ensures a future for the Memgraph community MAGE algorithm...
» more
TimescaleDB is purpose-built to scale and handle time-series data workloads and is...
» more
Typical application scenariosCrateDB is ideal for integrating and analyzing streams of data--often machine-generated--in...
» more
Graph algorithms in bioinformatics Social network analysis Cryptocurrency network...
» more
Time-series Analytics TimescaleDB boosts the performance of PostgreSQL for time-series...
» more
Key customersCrateDB customers include McAfee, Qualtrics , Nokia, NBC Golfnow , Digital Domain...
» more
TransferWise, Maersk, Walmart, Comcast, LaunchDarkly, IBM, NOV, Cisco, Nutanix, Warner...
» more
Market metricsThe CrateDB open source project was started in 2014. CrateDB was the winner of TechCrunch...
» more
With over 12,700 GitHub stars and growing, 1,000,000 active databases, and an active...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsCrateDB pricing CrateDB Community Edition is open source and free to use under the...
» more
You can check out our pricing model and licenses on the company website .
» more
TimescaleDB is available as a self-hosted product under two licenses, the Timescale...
» more

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More resources
CrateDBMemgraphMicrosoft SQL ServerTimescaleDB
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