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DBMS > CrateDB vs. IBM Db2 warehouse vs. Kinetica vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison CrateDB vs. IBM Db2 warehouse vs. Kinetica vs. PostgreSQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCrateDB  Xexclude from comparisonIBM Db2 warehouse infoformerly named IBM dashDB  Xexclude from comparisonKinetica  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDistributed Date Store based on LuceneCloud-based data warehousing serviceFully vectorized database across both GPUs and CPUsWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMS
Search engine
Relational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Time Series DBMS
Document store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.90
Rank#183  Overall
#87  Relational DBMS
#11  Search engines
Score2.10
Rank#120  Overall
#59  Relational DBMS
Score0.73
Rank#204  Overall
#99  Relational DBMS
Score597.27
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websitecrate.iowww.ibm.com/­products/­db2-warehousewww.kinetica.comwww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationcrate.io/­docswww.kinetica.com/­docswww.postgresql.org/­docs
DeveloperCrateIBMKineticaPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release2013201420121989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current release7.1, August 202114.1, November 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ScaleGrid for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageJavaC, C++C
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java 7 (and higher) VMhostedLinuxFreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeFlexible Schema (defined schema, partial schema, schema free)yesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono infoImport/export of XML data possiblenoyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes, but no triggers and constraintsyesSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET infocommunity maintained client
JDBC
MQTT (Message Queue Telemetry Transport)
PostgreSQL wire protocol
Prometheus Remote Read/Write
RESTful HTTP API
.NET Client API
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesErlang
Go infocommunity maintained client
Java
JavaScript (Node.js) infocommunity maintained client
Perl infocommunity maintained client
PHP
Python
Ruby infocommunity maintained client
Scala infocommunity maintained client
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functionsPL/SQL, SQL PLuser defined functionsuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersnoyesyes infotriggers when inserted values for one or more columns fall within a specified rangeyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingShardingpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factoryesSource-replica replicationSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Read Your Own Writes Consistency infofor primary key lookups
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configurationImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infounique row identifiers can be used for implementing an optimistic concurrency control strategyACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes infoGPU vRAM or System RAMno
User concepts infoAccess controlrights management via user accountsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and roles on table levelfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
CrateDBIBM Db2 warehouse infoformerly named IBM dashDBKineticaPostgreSQL
Specific characteristicsCrateDB is an open source distributed SQL database that spreads data and processing...
» more
Native and fully vectorized database across both GPUs and CPUs, with memory first...
» more
Competitive advantagesCrateDB is typically used in operational analytics applications, particularly those...
» more
Best in class geospatial and temporal analytics. Lockless architecture provides real-time...
» more
Typical application scenariosCrateDB is ideal for integrating and analyzing streams of data--often machine-generated--in...
» more
Any application requiring (1) real time insights, (2) time series analysis (3) geospatial...
» more
Key customersCrateDB customers include McAfee, Qualtrics , Nokia, NBC Golfnow , Digital Domain...
» more
Citibank, US Air Force, Softbank, OVO, Telkomsel, USPS, 2 of the top 3 US Telcos,...
» more
Market metricsThe CrateDB open source project was started in 2014. CrateDB was the winner of TechCrunch...
» more
The largest IoT deployment in the world, NORAD, runs on Kinetica.
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsCrateDB pricing CrateDB Community Edition is open source and free to use under the...
» more
Always Free Tier in the Cloud, Pay-As-You-Go Consumption Based Pricing, and Portable...
» more

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More resources
CrateDBIBM Db2 warehouse infoformerly named IBM dashDBKineticaPostgreSQL
DB-Engines blog posts

Driving the Future of PostgreSQL Adoption
15 November 2021,  Umair Shahid, Percona (sponsor) 

The Inexorable Rise of PostgreSQL
24 September 2021,  Matt Yonkovit, Percona (sponsor) 

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2020
4 January 2021, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

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Conferences and events

Postgres Build 2021
Free Virtual Event, 30 November 2021 - 1 December 2021

Finished events

Latest Performance Features in PostgreSQL 14
On Demand Webinar, 14 October 2021 (finished)

PostgreSQL Performance Tuning Secrets
On Demand Webinar, 21 October 2021 (finished)

Recent citations in the news

Crate.io Launches CrateOM: a Smart Solution Digitalizing and Optimizing Operational Processes
23 November 2021, Business Wire

CrateDB 4.5 is Now Available as an Open Source Database
25 March 2021, Database Trends and Applications

Crate.io Expands CrateDB Cloud with the Launch of CrateDB Edge
15 April 2021, GlobeNewswire

Crate.io Announces CrateDB Will Switch to an Elasticsearch Fork Following License Change
11 February 2021, GlobeNewswire

Crate.io raises $10M to grow its database platform
15 June 2021, VentureBeat

provided by Google News

Databricks claims warehouse supremacy with benchmark test - others say not so fast
2 November 2021, SiliconANGLE News

Best Data Warehouse Tools for Managing Your Data | ESF
24 September 2021, Enterprise Storage Forum

The 10 Best Cloud Data Warehouse Solutions to Consider in 2021
3 August 2021, Solutions Review

Why City Furniture embraced data virtualization
6 August 2021, TechTarget

Data Warehouse Automation and the Hybrid, Multi-Cloud
29 October 2021, ITPro Today

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USD 361.56 million growth for GPU Database Market from 2020 to 2025 |Evolving Opportunities with BlazingSQL Inc., Brytlyt Ltd. & Hetero DB Co. Ltd.|17000+ Technavio Reports
26 November 2021, Kilgore News Herald

Kinetica Pushes Vectorization to the Edge with Microsoft Azure Stack HCI
2 November 2021, Business Wire

Kinetica Database Now on Azure - insideHPC
14 October 2021, insideHPC

Preventing the Next 9/11 Goal of NORAD's New Streaming Data Warehouse
30 August 2021, Datanami

Kinetica Collaborates with NVIDIA to Serve Real-time Data-driven Insights
6 November 2019, MarTech Advisor

provided by Google News

Postgres Build 2021 Conference to Feature Leading PostgreSQL Experts
18 November 2021, Yahoo Finance

Enterprise PostgreSQL Hits the Cloud as EDB's 'BigAnimal'
3 November 2021, Datanami

AWS Announces the General Availability and Open Sourcing of Babelfish for PostgreSQL
2 November 2021, InfoQ.com

EDB Announces General Availability of a PostgreSQL Database in the Cloud: BigAnimal
17 November 2021, InfoQ.com

YugabyteDB 2.11 meets developer demand for comprehensive PostgreSQL compatibility
24 November 2021, Help Net Security

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