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DBMS > CrateDB vs. GraphDB vs. TigerGraph vs. TinkerGraph

System Properties Comparison CrateDB vs. GraphDB vs. TigerGraph vs. TinkerGraph

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCrateDB  Xexclude from comparisonGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIM  Xexclude from comparisonTigerGraph  Xexclude from comparisonTinkerGraph  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDistributed Date Store based on LuceneEnterprise-ready RDF and graph database with efficient reasoning, cluster and external index synchronization support. It supports also SQL JDBC access to Knowledge Graph and GraphQL over SPARQL.A complete, distributed, parallel graph computing platform supporting web-scale data analytics in real-timeA lightweight, in-memory graph engine that serves as a reference implementation of the TinkerPop3 API
Primary database modelRelational DBMS
Search engine
Graph DBMS
RDF store
Graph DBMSGraph DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Time Series DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.92
Rank#180  Overall
#87  Relational DBMS
#11  Search engines
Score2.65
Rank#105  Overall
#6  Graph DBMS
#4  RDF stores
Score1.99
Rank#120  Overall
#9  Graph DBMS
Score0.16
Rank#295  Overall
#26  Graph DBMS
Websitecrate.iowww.ontotext.comwww.tigergraph.comtinkerpop.apache.org/­docs/­current/­reference/­#tinkergraph-gremlin
Technical documentationcrate.io/­docsgraphdb.ontotext.com/­documentationdocs.tigergraph.com
DeveloperCrateOntotext
Initial release2013200020172009
Current release9.8, June 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Sourcecommercial infoSome plugins of GraphDB Workbench are open sourcedcommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaJavaC++Java
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java 7 (and higher) VMAll OS with a Java VM
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
Data schemeFlexible Schema (defined schema, partial schema, schema free)schema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support; RDF shapesyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono
Secondary indexesyesyes, supports real-time synchronization and indexing in SOLR/Elastic search/Lucene and GeoSPARQL geometry data indexesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes, but no triggers and constraintsstored SPARQL accessed as SQL using Apache Calcite through JDBC/ODBCSQL-like query language (GSQL)no
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET infocommunity maintained client
JDBC
MQTT (Message Queue Telemetry Transport)
PostgreSQL wire protocol
Prometheus Remote Read/Write
RESTful HTTP API
GeoSPARQL
GraphQL
GraphQL Federation
Java API
JDBC
RDF4J API
RDFS
RIO
Sail API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL 1.1
GSQL (TigerGraph Query Language)
Kafka
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languagesErlang
Go infocommunity maintained client
Java
JavaScript (Node.js) infocommunity maintained client
Perl infocommunity maintained client
PHP
Python
Ruby infocommunity maintained client
Scala infocommunity maintained client
.Net
C#
Clojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C++
Java
Groovy
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functionswell-defined plugin interfaces; JavaScript server-side extensibilityyesno
Triggersnononono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factorMulti-source replicationnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Read Your Own Writes Consistency infofor primary key lookups
Immediate Consistency, Eventual consistency (configurable in cluster mode per master or individual client request)none
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infoConstraint checkingyes infoRelationships in graphsyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infounique row identifiers can be used for implementing an optimistic concurrency control strategyACIDACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesno
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesoptional
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlrights management via user accountsDefault Basic authentication through RDF4J client, or via Java when run with cURL, default token-based in the Workbench or via Rest API, optional access through OpenID or Kerberos single sign-on.Role-based access controlno
More information provided by the system vendor
CrateDBGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMTigerGraphTinkerGraph
Specific characteristicsCrateDB is an open source distributed SQL database that spreads data and processing...
» more
GraphDB Enterprise is a high-performance semantic repository created by Ontotext....
» more
TigerGraph is a native graph database, with massively parallel processing and fully...
» more
Competitive advantagesCrateDB is typically used in operational analytics applications, particularly those...
» more
GraphDB allows you to link text and data in big knowledge graphs. It’s easy to experiment...
» more
TigerGraph is the fastest and most scalable graph platform, powered by a native parallel...
» more
Typical application scenariosCrateDB is ideal for integrating and analyzing streams of data--often machine-generated--in...
» more
Metadata enrichment and management, linked open data publishing, semantic inferencing...
» more
Anti Money Laundering Real-Time Fraud Detection Customer 360 Real-Time Personalized...
» more
Key customersCrateDB customers include McAfee, Qualtrics , Nokia, NBC Golfnow , Digital Domain...
» more
BBC, Press Association, Financial Times, DK, Euromoney, The British Museum, Getty...
» more
Four out of the top five global banks use TigerGraph for real-time fraud detection....
» more
Market metricsThe CrateDB open source project was started in 2014. CrateDB was the winner of TechCrunch...
» more
GraphDB is the most utilized semantic triplestore for mission-critical enterprise...
» more
ANALYST RESEARCH Nov 2020: TigerGraph Named A Leader For Graph Data Platforms - TigerGraph...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsCrateDB pricing CrateDB Community Edition is open source and free to use under the...
» more
GraphDB-Free is free to use. SE and Enterprise are licensed per CPU-Core used. Perpetual...
» more
Try TigerGraph for Free in the Cloud or On Prem https://www.tigergraph.com/get-tigergraph/...
» more

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More resources
CrateDBGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMTigerGraphTinkerGraph
Conferences and events

Knowledge Graph Forum
Virtual Event, 10/26:3pm CEST, 10/27:7:30pm CEST, 26-27 October 2021

Recent citations in the news

CrateDB 4.5 is Now Available as an Open Source Database
25 March 2021, Database Trends and Applications

CrateDB 4.5 takes distributed SQL database open source
24 March 2021, TechTarget

Crate.io Expands CrateDB Cloud with the Launch of CrateDB Edge
15 April 2021, GlobeNewswire

Crate.io Open Sources the Entire Codebase of CrateDB – the
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Crate.io Announces CrateDB Will Switch to an Elasticsearch Fork Following License Change
11 February 2021, GlobeNewswire

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Ontotext's GraphDB 9.2 Supports RDF* to Match the Expressivity of Property Graphs
30 April 2020, PRNewswire

GraphDB 9.5 Offers Data Virtualization From Tables to Graphs and Back
9 December 2020, PRNewswire

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29 September 2021, Yahoo Finance

TigerGraph 3.2 Improves Scalability And Security
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