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DBMS > CrateDB vs. Google Cloud Spanner vs. Oracle vs. SAP HANA

System Properties Comparison CrateDB vs. Google Cloud Spanner vs. Oracle vs. SAP HANA

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCrateDB  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparisonSAP HANA  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDistributed Date Store based on LuceneA horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.Widely used RDBMSIn-memory, column based data store. Available as appliance or cloud service
Primary database modelRelational DBMS
Search engine
Relational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Time Series DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Spatial DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith SAP Hana, Enterprise Edition
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.92
Rank#180  Overall
#87  Relational DBMS
#11  Search engines
Score3.32
Rank#93  Overall
#49  Relational DBMS
Score1270.35
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Score55.28
Rank#20  Overall
#13  Relational DBMS
Websitecrate.iocloud.google.com/­spannerwww.oracle.com/­databasewww.sap.com/­products/­hana.html
Technical documentationcrate.io/­docscloud.google.com/­spanner/­docsdocs.oracle.com/­en/­databasehelp.sap.com/­hana
DeveloperCrateGoogleOracleSAP
Initial release2013201719802010
Current release19c, February 20192.0 SPS05 (June 26, 2020), June 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Sourcecommercialcommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnono infoalso available as a cloud based service
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaC and C++
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java 7 (and higher) VMhostedAIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Appliance or cloud-service
Data schemeFlexible Schema (defined schema, partial schema, schema free)yesyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columnsyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes, but no triggers and constraintsyes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011yes infowith proprietary extensionsyes
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET infocommunity maintained client
JDBC
MQTT (Message Queue Telemetry Transport)
PostgreSQL wire protocol
Prometheus Remote Read/Write
RESTful HTTP API
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
RESTful HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesErlang
Go infocommunity maintained client
Java
JavaScript (Node.js) infocommunity maintained client
Perl infocommunity maintained client
PHP
Python
Ruby infocommunity maintained client
Scala infocommunity maintained client
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functionsnoPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possibleSQLScript, R
Triggersnonoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingSharding, horizontal partitioningyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factorMulti-source replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
yes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflowno infocan be realized in PL/SQLno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Read Your Own Writes Consistency infofor primary key lookups
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integrityyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infounique row identifiers can be used for implementing an optimistic concurrency control strategyACID infoStrict serializable isolationACID infoisolation level can be parameterizedACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'yes
User concepts infoAccess controlrights management via user accountsAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyes
More information provided by the system vendor
CrateDBGoogle Cloud SpannerOracleSAP HANA
Specific characteristicsCrateDB is an open source distributed SQL database that spreads data and processing...
» more
Competitive advantagesCrateDB is typically used in operational analytics applications, particularly those...
» more
Typical application scenariosCrateDB is ideal for integrating and analyzing streams of data--often machine-generated--in...
» more
Key customersCrateDB customers include McAfee, Qualtrics , Nokia, NBC Golfnow , Digital Domain...
» more
Market metricsThe CrateDB open source project was started in 2014. CrateDB was the winner of TechCrunch...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsCrateDB pricing CrateDB Community Edition is open source and free to use under the...
» more

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CrateDBGoogle Cloud SpannerOracleSAP HANA
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