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DBMS > CrateDB vs. FoundationDB vs. GBase vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. Postgres-XL

System Properties Comparison CrateDB vs. FoundationDB vs. GBase vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. Postgres-XL

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCrateDB  Xexclude from comparisonFoundationDB  Xexclude from comparisonGBase  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Bigtable  Xexclude from comparisonPostgres-XL  Xexclude from comparison
Created as commercial project in 2013, FoundationDB has been acquired by Apple in March 2015 and was withdrawn from the market. As a consequence, the product was removed from the DB-Engines ranking. In April 2018, Apple open-sourced FoundationDB and it therefore reappears in the ranking.
DescriptionDistributed Date Store based on LuceneOrdered key-value store. Core features are complimented by layers.An analytical database for business intelligence with large customers in China.Google's NoSQL Big Data database service. It's the same database that powers many core Google services, including Search, Analytics, Maps, and Gmail.Based on PostgreSQL enhanced with MPP and write-scale-out cluster features
Primary database modelRelational DBMS
Search engine
Document store infosupported via specific layer
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infosupported via specific SQL-layer
Relational DBMSWide column storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Time Series DBMS
Document store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.90
Rank#183  Overall
#87  Relational DBMS
#11  Search engines
Score1.36
Rank#149  Overall
#25  Document stores
#28  Key-value stores
#74  Relational DBMS
Score1.04
Rank#170  Overall
#85  Relational DBMS
Score4.27
Rank#85  Overall
#6  Wide column stores
Score0.69
Rank#210  Overall
#103  Relational DBMS
Websitecrate.iowww.foundationdb.orgwww.gbase8a.comcloud.google.com/­bigtablewww.postgres-xl.org
Technical documentationcrate.io/­docsapple.github.io/­foundationdbcloud.google.com/­bigtable/­docswww.postgres-xl.org/­documentation
DeveloperCrateFoundationDBGoogle
Initial release2013201320152014 infosince 2012, originally named StormDB
Current release6.2.28, November 2020GBase 8a10 R1, October 2018
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercialcommercialOpen Source infoMozilla public license
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaC++C
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java 7 (and higher) VMLinux
OS X
Windows
hostedLinux
macOS
Data schemeFlexible Schema (defined schema, partial schema, schema free)schema-free infosome layers support schemasschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesno infosome layers support typingnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes infoXML type, but no XML query functionality
Secondary indexesyesnonoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes, but no triggers and constraintssupported in specific SQL layer onlynoyes infodistributed, parallel query execution
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET infocommunity maintained client
JDBC
MQTT (Message Queue Telemetry Transport)
PostgreSQL wire protocol
Prometheus Remote Read/Write
RESTful HTTP API
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HappyBase (Python library)
HBase compatible API (Java)
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesErlang
Go infocommunity maintained client
Java
JavaScript (Node.js) infocommunity maintained client
Perl infocommunity maintained client
PHP
Python
Ruby infocommunity maintained client
Scala infocommunity maintained client
.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Swift
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Erlang
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functionsin SQL-layer onlynouser defined functions
Triggersnononoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingShardinghorizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factoryesInternal replication in Colossus, and regional replication between two clusters in different zones
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Read Your Own Writes Consistency infofor primary key lookups
Linearizable consistencyImmediate consistency (for a single cluster), Eventual consistency (for two or more replicated clusters)Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoin SQL-layer onlynoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infounique row identifiers can be used for implementing an optimistic concurrency control strategyACIDAtomic single-row operationsACID infoMVCC
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonono
User concepts infoAccess controlrights management via user accountsnoAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
CrateDBFoundationDBGBaseGoogle Cloud BigtablePostgres-XL
Specific characteristicsCrateDB is an open source distributed SQL database that spreads data and processing...
» more
Competitive advantagesCrateDB is typically used in operational analytics applications, particularly those...
» more
Typical application scenariosCrateDB is ideal for integrating and analyzing streams of data--often machine-generated--in...
» more
Key customersCrateDB customers include McAfee, Qualtrics , Nokia, NBC Golfnow , Digital Domain...
» more
Market metricsThe CrateDB open source project was started in 2014. CrateDB was the winner of TechCrunch...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsCrateDB pricing CrateDB Community Edition is open source and free to use under the...
» more

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More resources
CrateDBFoundationDBGBaseGoogle Cloud BigtablePostgres-XL
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