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DBMS > CrateDB vs. Elasticsearch vs. NebulaGraph

System Properties Comparison CrateDB vs. Elasticsearch vs. NebulaGraph

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCrateDB  Xexclude from comparisonElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonNebulaGraph  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDistributed Database based on LuceneA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricA distributed, linear scalable, high perfomant Graph DBMS
Primary database modelDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Search engine
Time Series DBMS
Vector DBMS
Search engineGraph DBMS
Secondary database modelsRelational DBMSDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Vector DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.91
Rank#216  Overall
#36  Document stores
#5  Spatial DBMS
#16  Search engines
#18  Time Series DBMS
#8  Vector DBMS
Score135.74
Rank#7  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score2.54
Rank#127  Overall
#10  Graph DBMS
Websitecratedb.comwww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchgithub.com/­vesoft-inc/­nebula
www.nebula-graph.io
Technical documentationcratedb.com/­docswww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmldocs.nebula-graph.io
DeveloperCrateElasticVesoft Inc.
Initial release201320102019
Current release8.6, January 2023
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen SourceOpen Source infoElastic LicenseOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0 + Common Clause 1.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
CrateDB Cloud: a distributed SQL database that spreads data and processing across an elastic cluster of shared nothing nodes. CrateDB Cloud enables data insights at scale on Microsoft Azure, AWS and Google Cloud Platform.
Implementation languageJavaJavaC++
Server operating systemsAll Operating Systems, including Kubernetes with CrateDB Kubernetes Operator supportAll OS with a Java VMLinux
Data schemeFlexible Schema (defined schema, partial schema, schema free)schema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentStrong typed schema
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyes infoNebula Graph internally uses the Key-Value store RocksDB for persistency. The vertices, edges, and their properties are stored as Key while their values are stored as Value. The primary indexes are per Key and secondary indexes are per Value.
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes, but no triggers and constraints, and PostgreSQL compatibilitySQL-like query languageSQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
PostgreSQL wire protocol
Prometheus Remote Read/Write
RESTful HTTP API
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Browser interface
console (shell)
Cypher Query Language
GO Object Graph Mapper
Java Object Graph Mapper
NGBatis infoORM framework for NebulaGraph and Spring-Boot
Proprietary native API
Python Object Graph Mapper
Query language nGQL
Supported programming languages.NET
Erlang
Go infocommunity maintained client
Java
JavaScript (Node.js) infocommunity maintained client
Perl infocommunity maintained client
PHP
Python
R
Ruby infocommunity maintained client
Scala infocommunity maintained client
.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C++
Go
Java
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions (Javascript)yesuser defined functions
Triggersnoyes infoby using the 'percolation' feature
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesConfigurable replication on table/partition-levelyesCausal Clustering using Raft protocol
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoES-Hadoop Connectorno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Read-after-write consistency on record level
Eventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infounique row identifiers can be used for implementing an optimistic concurrency control strategynoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infousing RocksDB
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noMemcached and Redis integrationyes
User concepts infoAccess controlrights management via user accountsRole-based access control
More information provided by the system vendor
CrateDBElasticsearchNebulaGraph
Specific characteristicsCrateDB is an open-source distributed SQL database that spreads data and processing...
» more
NebulaGraph is a truly distributed, linearly scalable, lightning-fast graph database,...
» more
Competitive advantagesResponse time in milliseconds: e ven for complex ad-hoc queries. Massive scaling...
» more
NebulaGraph boasts the world's only graph database solution that is able to host...
» more
Typical application scenarios​ IoT: accelerate your IIoT projects with CrateDB, delivering real-time analytics...
» more
Social networking Fraud detection Knowledge graph Data warehouse management Anti...
» more
Key customersAcross all continents, CrateDB is used by companies of all sizes to meet the most...
» more
Companies from a variety of industries have implemented NebulaGraph Database in production,...
» more
Market metricsThe CrateDB open source project was started in 2013 Honorable Mention in 2021 Gartner®...
» more
At our very early stage, NebulaGraph has already received over 9,800 stars and thousands...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsSee CrateDB pricing >
» more
NebulaGraph is open source and free to use under Apache 2.0 license.
» more

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More resources
CrateDBElasticsearchNebulaGraph
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Conferences, events and webinars

How to Get the Most Out of Your Time Series Data
Webinar; 11:00–11:45 am CET and 09:00–09:45 am PT, 27 February 2024

CrateDB European Tour Amsterdam
Amsterdam, 09:00 am - 12:30 pm CET, 13 March 2024

Recent citations in the news

CrateDB Appoints Sergey Gerasimenko as New CTO
19 February 2024, AiThority

Sergey Gerasimenko Steps Up as CrateDB's New CTO: A Strategic Leap Forward
19 February 2024, BNN Breaking

10 Lesser-Known Databases. Discover Hidden Gems | by Abnoan Muniz
28 September 2023, DataDrivenInvestor

Real-Time Analytics Database Company CrateDB Names Lars Färnström as New CEO
1 March 2023, Business Wire

How We Designed CrateDB as a Realtime SQL DBMS for the Internet of Things
29 August 2017, The New Stack

provided by Google News

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17 November 2023, SiliconANGLE News

Mastering Elasticsearch: A Beginner's Guide to Powerful Searches and Precision — Part 1
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Elastic’s Elasticsearch Relevance Engine Enables Generative AI Search
19 June 2023, Forbes

Practical Applications of Elasticsearch in Data Science | by Harshita Aswani | Nov, 2023
22 November 2023, Medium

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Vesoft (NebulaGraph) Recognized in the Gartner® Market Guide for Graph Database Management Systems
15 November 2023, PR Newswire

NebulaGraph reaps from China’s growing appetite for graph databases
16 September 2022, TechCrunch

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