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DBMS > CrateDB vs. Elasticsearch vs. MongoDB vs. TimescaleDB

System Properties Comparison CrateDB vs. Elasticsearch vs. MongoDB vs. TimescaleDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCrateDB  Xexclude from comparisonElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonMongoDB  Xexclude from comparisonTimescaleDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDistributed Date Store based on LuceneA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricOne of the most popular document stores available both as a fully managed cloud service and for deployment on self-managed infrastructureA time series DBMS optimized for fast ingest and complex queries, based on PostgreSQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMS
Search engine
Search engineDocument storeTime Series DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Search engine infointegrated Lucene index, currently in MongoDB Atlas only.
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.80
Rank#194  Overall
#95  Relational DBMS
#12  Search engines
Score154.71
Rank#8  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score488.22
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Score3.24
Rank#93  Overall
#5  Time Series DBMS
Websitecrate.iowww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchwww.mongodb.comwww.timescale.com
Technical documentationcrate.io/­docswww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmldocs.mongodb.com/­manualdocs.timescale.com
DeveloperCrateElasticMongoDB, IncTimescale
Initial release2013201020092017
Current release7.8.0, June 20204.4.5, April 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Elastic LicenseOpen Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.Open Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)no
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Elasticsearch Service on Elastic Cloud: Try out the official hosted Elasticsearch and Kibana offering available on Amazon Web Services, Google Cloud and Microsoft Azure that's powered by the creators of Elasticsearch.
  • ScaleGrid for MongoDB: Fully managed hosting for MongoDB database on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
  • MongoDB Atlas: the global and fully-managed cloud database service from the makers of MongoDB. Deploy across AWS, Azure, or GCP.
Implementation languageJavaJavaC++C
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java 7 (and higher) VMAll OS with a Java VMLinux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeFlexible Schema (defined schema, partial schema, schema free)schema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentschema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.yes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatialnumerics, strings, booleans, arrays, JSON blobs, geospatial dimensions, currencies, binary data, other complex data types
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes
Secondary indexesyesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes, but no triggers and constraintsSQL-like query languageRead-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Connector for BIyes infofull PostgreSQL SQL syntax
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET infocommunity maintained client
JDBC
MQTT (Message Queue Telemetry Transport)
PostgreSQL wire protocol
Prometheus Remote Read/Write
RESTful HTTP API
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
proprietary protocol using JSONADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesErlang
Go infocommunity maintained client
Java
JavaScript (Node.js) infocommunity maintained client
Perl infocommunity maintained client
PHP
Python
Ruby infocommunity maintained client
Scala infocommunity maintained client
.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Actionscript infounofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infounofficial driver
ColdFusion infounofficial driver
D infounofficial driver
Dart infounofficial driver
Delphi infounofficial driver
Erlang
Go
Groovy infounofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp infounofficial driver
Lua infounofficial driver
MatLab infounofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infounofficial driver
Prolog infounofficial driver
Python
R infounofficial driver
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Smalltalk infounofficial driver
Swift
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functionsyesJavaScriptuser defined functions, PL/pgSQL, PL/Tcl, PL/Perl, PL/Python, PL/Java, PL/PHP, PL/R, PL/Ruby, PL/Scheme, PL/Unix shell
Triggersnoyes infoby using the 'percolation' featureyes infoin MongoDB Atlas onlyyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingSharding infopartitioned by hashed, ranged, or zoned sharding keysyes, across time and space (hash partitioning) attributes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factoryesMulti-Source deployments with MongoDB Atlas Global Clusters
Source-replica replication
Source-replica replication with hot standby and reads on replicas info
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoES-Hadoop Connectoryesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Read Your Own Writes Consistency infofor primary key lookups
Eventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possibleyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infounique row identifiers can be used for implementing an optimistic concurrency control strategynoMulti-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolationACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infooptionalyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noMemcached and Redis integrationyes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2no
User concepts infoAccess controlrights management via user accountsAccess rights for users and rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
CrateDBElasticsearchMongoDBTimescaleDB
Specific characteristicsElasticsearch is an open source search and analytics engine. As the heart of the...
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MongoDB is the leading modern, general purpose data platform, designed to unleash...
» more
Timescale is the creator of TimescaleDB , the first open-source relational database...
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Competitive advantagesOpen source Real-time indexsearch, and analysis Horizontally scalable Distributed...
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The MongoDB platform can be used by developers building transactional, operational,...
» more
TimescaleDB is purpose-built to scale and handle time-series data workloads and is...
» more
Typical application scenariosEnterprise search (search experiences for your workplace, apps, and websites), observability...
» more
Internet of Things and Time Series (Bosch, Jaguar Land Rover) Mobile (The Weather...
» more
DevOps and Infrastructure Monitoring All monitoring data is time-series data. Efficiently...
» more
Key customersThousands of organizations worldwide, including Cisco, eBay, Goldman Sachs, Microsoft,...
» more
ADP, Adobe, Amadeus, AstraZeneca, Auto Trader, Barclays, BBVA, Bosch, Cisco, CERN,...
» more
TransferWise, Maersk, AppDynamics, Walmart, Comcast, LaunchDarkly, IBM, NOV, Cisco,...
» more
Market metricsPublic as of October 2018 Distributed workforce with 1900+ employees around the globe​...
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125 million downloads (growing at more than 30 thousand downloads per day), over...
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With over 9,000 GitHub stars and growing, 600,000 active databases, and an active...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe Elastic Stack (Elasticsearch, Kibana, Beats, and Logstash) is free and open source...
» more
MongoDB database server: Server-Side Public License (SSPL) . Commercial licenses...
» more
TimescaleDB comes in 3 versions, including fully managed Cloud-hosted solutions*,...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesElastic Cloud: Try the official managed Elasticsearch.
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Fivetran: Quickly and easily centralize your on-premise and cloud databases.
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ClusterControl: the only management system you’ll ever need to take control of your open source database infrastructure.
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Datadog: Visualize all your MongoDB metrics.
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Navicat for MongoDB gives you a highly effective GUI interface for MongoDB database management, administration and development.
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Studio 3T: The world's favorite IDE for working with MongoDB
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ClusterControl: the only management system you’ll ever need to take control of your open source database infrastructure.
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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
CrateDBElasticsearchMongoDBTimescaleDB
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Conferences and events

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Recent citations in the news

Crate.io raises $10M to grow its database platform
15 June 2021, VentureBeat

Crate.io Expands CrateDB Cloud with the Launch of CrateDB Edge
15 April 2021, GlobeNewswire

CrateDB 4.5 is Now Available as an Open Source Database
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Crate.io Open Sources the Entire Codebase of CrateDB – the
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5 May 2021, TechCrunch

TimescaleDB Delivers Another Option for Time-Series Analytics
17 October 2019, Datanami

Timescale Brings Powerful Time-Series Data Analysis to Developers Worldwide, Now Available in 75+ Cloud Regions
12 August 2020, Business Wire

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