DB-EnginesExtremeDB: the mission critical dbmsEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > CrateDB vs. Elasticsearch vs. Firebird vs. MongoDB vs. Spark SQL

System Properties Comparison CrateDB vs. Elasticsearch vs. Firebird vs. MongoDB vs. Spark SQL

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCrateDB  Xexclude from comparisonElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonFirebird  Xexclude from comparisonMongoDB  Xexclude from comparisonSpark SQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDistributed Date Store based on LuceneA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricFirebird is an open source RDBMS forked from Borland's InterBaseOne of the most popular document stores available both as a fully managed cloud service and for deployment on self-managed infrastructureSpark SQL is a component on top of 'Spark Core' for structured data processing
Primary database modelRelational DBMS
Search engine
Search engineRelational DBMSDocument storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Time Series DBMS
Document store
Spatial DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Search engine infointegrated Lucene index, currently in MongoDB Atlas only.
Time Series DBMS infoTime Series Collections introduced in Release 5.0
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.97
Rank#178  Overall
#86  Relational DBMS
#13  Search engines
Score157.69
Rank#8  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score25.72
Rank#32  Overall
#19  Relational DBMS
Score478.24
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Score22.86
Rank#35  Overall
#21  Relational DBMS
Websitecrate.iowww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchwww.firebirdsql.orgwww.mongodb.comspark.apache.org/­sql
Technical documentationcrate.io/­docswww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmlwww.firebirdsql.org/­en/­reference-manualsdocs.mongodb.com/­manualspark.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­sql-programming-guide.html
DeveloperCrateElasticFirebird FoundationMongoDB, IncApache Software Foundation
Initial release201320102000 infoAs fork of Borland's InterBase20092014
Current release7.8.0, June 20204.0.1, December 20215.0.6, January 20223.2.0, October 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen SourceOpen Source infoElastic LicenseOpen Source infoInitial Developer's Public LicenseOpen Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.Open Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)no
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • ScaleGrid for MongoDB: Fully managed hosting for MongoDB database on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
  • MongoDB Atlas: Global multi-cloud database with unmatched data distribution and mobility across AWS, Azure, and Google Cloud, built-in automation for resource and workload optimization, and so much more.
Implementation languageJavaJavaC and C++C++Scala
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java 7 (and higher) VMAll OS with a Java VMAIX
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
server-less infoFirebird Embedded Server
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeFlexible Schema (defined schema, partial schema, schema free)schema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentyesschema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.yes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatialyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes, but no triggers and constraintsSQL-like query languageyesRead-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Connector for BISQL-like DML and DDL statements
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET infocommunity maintained client
JDBC
MQTT (Message Queue Telemetry Transport)
PostgreSQL wire protocol
Prometheus Remote Read/Write
RESTful HTTP API
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
ADO.NET
C/C++ API
JDBC infoJaybird
ODBC
OLE DB
proprietary protocol using JSONJDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesErlang
Go infocommunity maintained client
Java
JavaScript (Node.js) infocommunity maintained client
Perl infocommunity maintained client
PHP
Python
Ruby infocommunity maintained client
Scala infocommunity maintained client
.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C
C#
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Lua
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Actionscript infounofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infounofficial driver
ColdFusion infounofficial driver
D infounofficial driver
Dart infounofficial driver
Delphi infounofficial driver
Erlang
Go
Groovy infounofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp infounofficial driver
Lua infounofficial driver
MatLab infounofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infounofficial driver
Prolog infounofficial driver
Python
R infounofficial driver
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Smalltalk infounofficial driver
Swift
Java
Python
R
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functionsyesPSQLJavaScriptno
Triggersnoyes infoby using the 'percolation' featureyesyes infoin MongoDB Atlas onlyno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingnoneSharding infoPartitioned by hashed, ranged, or zoned sharding keys. Live resharding allows users to change their shard keys as an online operation with zero downtime.yes, utilizing Spark Core
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factoryesnone infoavailable via 3rd party productsMulti-Source deployments with MongoDB Atlas Global Clusters
Source-replica replication
none
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoES-Hadoop Connectornoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Read Your Own Writes Consistency infofor primary key lookups
Eventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyesno infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possibleno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infounique row identifiers can be used for implementing an optimistic concurrency control strategynoACIDMulti-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolationno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infoFeatures a multi-generational MVCC architecture, readers do not block writersyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infooptional, enabled by defaultyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noMemcached and Redis integrationyes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2no
User concepts infoAccess controlrights management via user accountsUsers with fine-grained authorization conceptAccess rights for users and rolesno
More information provided by the system vendor
CrateDBElasticsearchFirebirdMongoDBSpark SQL
Specific characteristicsCrateDB is an open source distributed SQL database that spreads data and processing...
» more
MongoDB’s application data platform provides developers a unified interface to power...
» more
Competitive advantagesCrateDB is typically used in operational analytics applications, particularly those...
» more
The MongoDB platform can be used by developers building transactional, operational,...
» more
Typical application scenariosCrateDB is ideal for integrating and analyzing streams of data--often machine-generated--in...
» more
Internet of Things and Time Series (Bosch, Jaguar Land Rover) Mobile (The Weather...
» more
Key customersCrateDB customers include McAfee, Qualtrics , Nokia, NBC Golfnow , Digital Domain...
» more
ADP, Adobe, Amadeus, AstraZeneca, Auto Trader, Barclays, BBVA, Bosch, Cisco, CERN,...
» more
Market metricsThe CrateDB open source project was started in 2014. CrateDB was the winner of TechCrunch...
» more
200+ million downloads, over 1.5M Atlas database clusters under management handling...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsCrateDB pricing CrateDB Community Edition is open source and free to use under the...
» more
MongoDB database server: Server-Side Public License (SSPL) . Commercial licenses...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesCData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

Navicat for MongoDB gives you a highly effective GUI interface for MongoDB database management, administration and development.
» more

Percona: Database problems? Not on your watch.
Databases run better with Percona.
» more
SQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
CrateDBElasticsearchFirebirdMongoDBSpark SQL
DB-Engines blog posts

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2017
2 January 2018, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Elasticsearch moved into the top 10 most popular database management systems
3 July 2017, Matthias Gelbmann

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

show all

Snowflake is the DBMS of the Year 2021
3 January 2022, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2020
4 January 2021, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2018
2 January 2019, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

Recent citations in the news

CrateDB 4.5 takes distributed SQL database open source
24 March 2021, TechTarget

Crate.io raises $10M to grow its database platform
15 June 2021, VentureBeat

Crate.io Expands CrateDB Cloud with the Launch of CrateDB Edge
15 April 2021, GlobeNewswire

Crate.io Announces CrateDB Will Switch to an Elasticsearch Fork Following License Change
11 February 2021, GlobeNewswire

Crate.io extends database service offering to Google Cloud
13 April 2022, VentureBeat

provided by Google News

Once frenemies, Elastic and AWS are now besties
19 May 2022, VentureBeat

Exposed ElasticSearch server compromises thousands of borrowers
6 May 2022, SC Media

Elastic Announces New Capabilities to Help Customers Solve Their Biggest Business Challenges
3 May 2022, Business Wire

ElasticSearch misconfiguration exposes records. Ontario cannabis distributor's data exposed. Patient data exposed in New York healthcare provider breach.
13 May 2022, The CyberWire

Former AWS engineer sets out to build a better log search engine
19 May 2022, TechCrunch

provided by Google News

2023 CFB recruiting class: DB Joshua Fussell commits to Northwestern
20 May 2022, The Cincinnati Enquirer

'Firebird' Review: Peeter Rebane's Gay Cold War Romance Feels All Too Routine
26 April 2022, The Playlist

Hibernate ORM 6.0 Delivers Improved Performance
25 April 2022, InfoQ.com

3 Ways to Install DBeaver on Debian 11 Bullseye
26 February 2022, Linux Shout

Top 15 Databases to Use in 2022 and Beyond
19 April 2022, Appinventiv

provided by Google News

MongoDB, Inc. Announces Date of First Quarter Fiscal 2023 Earnings Call
17 May 2022, 69News WFMZ-TV

MongoDB just opened a hybrid Philly office for its local employees
11 May 2022, Technical.ly

MongoDB: A Software Developers Perspective (NASDAQ:MDB)
28 April 2022, Seeking Alpha

Investors Buy Large Volume of MongoDB Put Options (NASDAQ:MDB)
19 May 2022, Defense World

How to Set Up MongoDB Cluster in the Cloud for Free - MUO
12 May 2022, MakeUseOf

provided by Google News

Top online courses to learn Apache Spark
5 May 2022, Analytics India Magazine

Spark Gets Closer Hooks to Pandas, SQL with Version 3.2
26 October 2021, Datanami

Top 10 Business Intelligence Jobs in MNCs to Apply for in May
6 May 2022, Analytics Insight

Databricks SQL Now GA, Bringing Traditional BI to the Lakehouse
16 December 2021, Datanami

The 7 Best Apache Spark Tutorials on YouTube to Watch Right Now
14 February 2022, Solutions Review

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Database Architect
Aptos, Atlanta, GA

Data Pipeline Engineer III, Search Engineering
Mailchimp, Oakland, CA

Senior Cloud Operations Engineer
Aptos, Atlanta, GA

Europe and Russia SME
Two Six Technologies, Arlington, VA

Software QA Analyst
Bonterra, Washington, DC

QA Team Lead (Western Europe, Remote)
INTEL 471, Remote

Software QA Engineer
Bonterra, Washington, DC

Technical Writer - OpenSearch/AWS - Location Flexibility: Open to multiple AWS U.S. corporate office locations, AWS OpenSearch
Amazon Dev Center U.S., Inc., Remote

Software Engineer Associate-Entry Level
LOCKHEED MARTIN CORPORATION, Mount Laurel, NJ

Data Mining II
Factory Motor Parts Company, Eagan, MN

Data Mining I
Factory Motor Parts, Eagan, MN

Manager, Sponsorship Fulfillment & Activation - Coachella Valley Firebirds (Palm Desert, CA)
Oak View Group, Palm Desert, CA

Junior Data Integration Specialist
Paradyme Management, Clarksburg, WV

Dot Net Developer
American nexus Trading inc, Remote

Application Support Specialist
Stefanini, Remote

Desarrollador Backend BcB3672
Nisum, Remote

Sr Support Consultant - MongoDB
Percona, Remote

Software Test Engineer (entry-level)
Real-Time Technology Solutions, Remote

Data Engineer
Piper Companies, Remote

Lead Data Scientist
New Balance, Massachusetts

ETL Tester
Cool Minds LLC, Remote

Data Analyst - Research
Datadog, New York, NY

Associate Data & Machine Learning Engineer
Amazon Web Services, Inc., Remote

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 80GB free.

Redis logo

The world’s most loved real‑time data platform.
Try free

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Neo4j logo

See for yourself how a graph database can make your life easier.
Use Neo4j online for free.

Present your product here