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DBMS > CrateDB vs. EDB Postgres vs. Neo4j

System Properties Comparison CrateDB vs. EDB Postgres vs. Neo4j

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCrateDB  Xexclude from comparisonEDB Postgres  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDistributed Date Store based on LuceneThe EDB Postgres Platform is an enterprise-class data management platform based on the open source database PostgreSQL with flexible deployment options and Oracle compatibility features, complemented by tool kits for management, integration, and migration.Scalable, ACID-compliant graph database designed with a high-performance distributed cluster architecture, available in self-hosted and cloud offerings
Primary database modelRelational DBMS
Search engine
Relational DBMSGraph DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Time Series DBMS
Document store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.06
Rank#198  Overall
#94  Relational DBMS
#14  Search engines
Score2.59
Rank#117  Overall
#59  Relational DBMS
Score57.34
Rank#20  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Websitecrate.iowww.enterprisedb.comneo4j.com
Technical documentationcrate.io/­docswww.enterprisedb.com/­edb-docsneo4j.com/­docs
DeveloperCrateEnterpriseDBNeo4j, Inc.
Initial release201320052007
Current release14, December 20215.2, November 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Sourcecommercial infoBSD for PostgreSQL-componentsOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Neo4j Aura: Neo4j’s fully managed cloud service: The zero-admin, always-on graph database for cloud developers.
Implementation languageJavaCJava, Scala
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java 7 (and higher) VMLinux
Windows
Linux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeFlexible Schema (defined schema, partial schema, schema free)yesschema-free and schema-optional
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Lucene
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes, but no triggers and constraintsyes infostandard with numerous extensionsno
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET infocommunity maintained client
JDBC
MQTT (Message Queue Telemetry Transport)
PostgreSQL wire protocol
Prometheus Remote Read/Write
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languagesErlang
Go infocommunity maintained client
Java
JavaScript (Node.js) infocommunity maintained client
Perl infocommunity maintained client
PHP
Python
Ruby infocommunity maintained client
Scala infocommunity maintained client
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functionsuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.yes infoUser defined Procedures and Functions
Triggersnoyesyes infovia event handler
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardinghorizontal partitioning infoby hash, list or rangeyes using Neo4j Fabric
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factorMulti-source replicationCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version only
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Read Your Own Writes Consistency infofor primary key lookups
Immediate ConsistencyCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infounique row identifiers can be used for implementing an optimistic concurrency control strategyACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlrights management via user accountsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)
More information provided by the system vendor
CrateDBEDB PostgresNeo4j
Specific characteristicsCrateDB is an open source distributed SQL database that spreads data and processing...
» more
PostgreSQL with added Security, Performance, DBA, Developer, and Oracle compatibile...
» more
Neo4j delivers graph technology that has been battle tested for performance and scale...
» more
Competitive advantagesCrateDB is typically used in operational analytics applications, particularly those...
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Complete Postgres platform with enterprise-class Postgres, Management, Integration,...
» more
Neo4j is the market leader, graph database category creator, and the most widely...
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Typical application scenariosCrateDB is ideal for integrating and analyzing streams of data--often machine-generated--in...
» more
New applications for transactional, reporting and mixed workloads that need to integrate...
» more
Real-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
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Key customersCrateDB customers include McAfee, Qualtrics , Nokia, NBC Golfnow , Digital Domain...
» more
MasterCard, Hewlett Packard Enterprise, Ericsson, AT&T, Alibaba, Korea Telecom and...
» more
Over 800 commercial customers and over 4300 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsThe CrateDB open source project was started in 2014. CrateDB was the winner of TechCrunch...
» more
Listed in Gartner Magic Quadrant 2013-2018 with over 4,000 customers.
» more
Neo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than 140 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsCrateDB pricing CrateDB Community Edition is open source and free to use under the...
» more
Open Source and Commercial core based licensing.
» more
GPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
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Related products and services
3rd partiesGraphable delivers expert services for Neo4j and other Graph DBMS.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
CrateDBEDB PostgresNeo4j
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Recent citations in the news

CrateDB 4.5 takes distributed SQL database open source
24 March 2021, TechTarget

Crate.io Expands CrateDB Cloud with the Launch of CrateDB Edge
15 April 2021, GlobeNewswire

Crate.io raises $10M to grow its database platform
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