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DBMS > CrateDB vs. Derby vs. Neo4j

System Properties Comparison CrateDB vs. Derby vs. Neo4j

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCrateDB  Xexclude from comparisonDerby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDB  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDistributed Date Store based on LuceneFull-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.Scalable, ACID-compliant graph database designed with a high-performance distributed cluster architecture, available in self-hosted and cloud offerings
Primary database modelRelational DBMS
Search engine
Relational DBMSGraph DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Time Series DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.90
Rank#183  Overall
#87  Relational DBMS
#11  Search engines
Score5.12
Rank#73  Overall
#40  Relational DBMS
Score57.98
Rank#19  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Websitecrate.iodb.apache.org/­derbyneo4j.com
Technical documentationcrate.io/­docsdb.apache.org/­derby/­manuals/­index.htmlneo4j.com/­docs
DeveloperCrateApache Software FoundationNeo4j, Inc.
Initial release201319972007
Current release10.15.2.0, March 20204.3.7, November 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Neo4j Aura: Neo4jā€™s fully managed cloud service: The zero-admin, always-on graph database for cloud developers.
Implementation languageJavaJavaJava, Scala
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java 7 (and higher) VMAll OS with a Java VMLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeFlexible Schema (defined schema, partial schema, schema free)yesschema-free and schema-optional
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Lucene
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes, but no triggers and constraintsyesno
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET infocommunity maintained client
JDBC
MQTT (Message Queue Telemetry Transport)
PostgreSQL wire protocol
Prometheus Remote Read/Write
RESTful HTTP API
JDBCBolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languagesErlang
Go infocommunity maintained client
Java
JavaScript (Node.js) infocommunity maintained client
Perl infocommunity maintained client
PHP
Python
Ruby infocommunity maintained client
Scala infocommunity maintained client
Java.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functionsJava Stored Proceduresyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functions
Triggersnoyesyes infovia event handler
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnoneyes using Neo4j Fabric
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factorSource-replica replicationCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version only
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Read Your Own Writes Consistency infofor primary key lookups
Immediate ConsistencyCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infounique row identifiers can be used for implementing an optimistic concurrency control strategyACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlrights management via user accountsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)
More information provided by the system vendor
CrateDBDerby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDBNeo4j
Specific characteristicsCrateDB is an open source distributed SQL database that spreads data and processing...
» more
Neo4j delivers graph technology that has been battle tested for performance and scale...
» more
Competitive advantagesCrateDB is typically used in operational analytics applications, particularly those...
» more
Neo4j is the market leader, graph database category creator, and the most widely...
» more
Typical application scenariosCrateDB is ideal for integrating and analyzing streams of data--often machine-generated--in...
» more
Real-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
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Key customersCrateDB customers include McAfee, Qualtrics , Nokia, NBC Golfnow , Digital Domain...
» more
Over 800 commercial customers and over 4300 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsThe CrateDB open source project was started in 2014. CrateDB was the winner of TechCrunch...
» more
Neo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than 140 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsCrateDB pricing CrateDB Community Edition is open source and free to use under the...
» more
GPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
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We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesGraphable delivers expert services for Neo4j and other Graph DBMS.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
CrateDBDerby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDBNeo4j
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Recent citations in the news

Crate.io Launches CrateOM: a Smart Solution Digitalizing and Optimizing Operational Processes
23 November 2021, Business Wire

CrateDB 4.5 is Now Available as an Open Source Database
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Crate.io Expands CrateDB Cloud with the Launch of CrateDB Edge
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Crate.io Announces CrateDB Will Switch to an Elasticsearch Fork Following License Change
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