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DBMS > Couchbase vs. Solr

System Properties Comparison Couchbase vs. Solr

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Our visitors often compare Couchbase and Solr with MongoDB, Redis and Elasticsearch.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchbase infoOriginally called Membase  Xexclude from comparisonSolr  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed document store with a powerful search engine and in-built operational and analytical capabilitiesA widely used distributed, scalable search engine based on Apache Lucene
Primary database modelDocument storeSearch engine
Secondary database modelsKey-value store infooriginating from the former Membase product and supporting the Memcached protocol
Spatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extension
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score28.89
Rank#30  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score56.61
Rank#20  Overall
#3  Search engines
Websitewww.couchbase.comlucene.apache.org/­solr
Technical documentationdocs.couchbase.comlucene.apache.org/­solr/­resources.html
DeveloperCouchbase, Inc.Apache Software Foundation
Initial release20112006
Current releaseServer: 7.0, July 2021; Mobile: 3, February 2022; Couchbase Capella, October 20219.0.0, May 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2; Commercial licenses also availableOpen Source infoApache Version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Couchbase Capella: a fully managed database-as-a-service that eliminates database management efforts and reduces cost
Implementation languageC, C++, Go and ErlangJava
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VM inforuns as a servlet in servlet container (e.g. Tomcat, Jetty is included)
Data schemeschema-freeyes infoDynamic Fields enables on-the-fly addition of new fields
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infoString, Boolean, Numberyes infosupports customizable data types and automatic typing
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes
Secondary indexesyesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexed
SQL infoSupport of SQLDeclarative query language (N1QL) that extends ANSI SQL to JSON. First commercial implementation of SQL++.Solr Parallel SQL Interface
APIs and other access methodsNative language bindings for CRUD, Query, Search and Analytics APIsJava API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languages.Net
C
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
Erlang
Java
JavaScript
any language that supports sockets and either XML or JSON
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresFunctions and timers in JavaScriptJava plugins
Triggersyes infovia the TAP protocolyes infoUser configurable commands triggered on index changes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication infoincluding cross data center replication
Source-replica replication
yes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesspark-solr: github.com/­lucidworks/­spark-solr and streaming expressions to reduce
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoselectable on a per-operation basis
Eventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDoptimistic locking
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoEphemeral bucketsyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUser and Administrator separation with password-based and LDAP integrated Authenticationyes
More information provided by the system vendor
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseSolr
Specific characteristicsDeveloped as an alternative to traditionally inflexible relational databases, Couchbase...
» more
Competitive advantagesCouchbase was architected with several differentiated capabilities: Shared-nothing,...
» more
Typical application scenariosCustomer 360 for user profile, session store and data aggregation (Comcast, Equifax,...
» more
Key customersAmadeus, AT&T, BD (Becton, Dickinson and Company), Carrefour, Cisco, Comcast, Disney,...
» more
Market metricsNamed a leader in the Forrester Wave™: Big Data NoSQL, Q1 2019 Over 10M downloads...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe Community Edition (CE) of Couchbase Server and Couchbase Mobile are available...
» more

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More resources
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseSolr
DB-Engines blog posts

Couchbase climbs up the DB-Engines Ranking, increasing its popularity by 10% every month
2 June 2014, Matthias Gelbmann

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Elasticsearch replaced Solr as the most popular search engine
12 January 2016, Paul Andlinger

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2 July 2014, Paul Andlinger

The DB-Engines ranking includes now search engines
4 February 2013, Paul Andlinger

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Recent citations in the news

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