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DBMS > Couchbase vs. Realm

System Properties Comparison Couchbase vs. Realm

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Our visitors often compare Couchbase and Realm with MongoDB, Elasticsearch and SQLite.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchbase infoOriginally called Membase  Xexclude from comparisonRealm  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionJSON-based document store derived from CouchDB with a Memcached-compatible interfaceA DBMS built for use on mobile devices that’s a fast, easy to use alternative to SQLite and Core Data
Primary database modelDocument storeDocument store
Secondary database modelsKey-value store infooriginating from the former Membase product and supporting the Memcached protocol
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score31.00
Rank#26  Overall
#4  Document stores
Score9.13
Rank#46  Overall
#8  Document stores
Websitewww.couchbase.comrealm.io
Technical documentationdocs.couchbase.comrealm.io/­docs
DeveloperCouchbase, Inc.Realm, acquired by MongoDB in May 2019
Initial release20112014
Current releaseServer: 6.5, January 2020; Mobile: 2.7, January 2020; Couchbase Autonomous Operator: 1.2, May 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2; Commercial licenses also availableOpen Source
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Couchbase Cloud: Deploy, manage, and operate Couchbase in a few clicks
Implementation languageC, C++, Go and Erlang
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
Android
Backend: server-less
iOS
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infoString, Boolean, Numberyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no
Secondary indexesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLDeclarative query language (N1QL) that extends ANSI SQL to JSON. First commercial implementation of SQL++.no
APIs and other access methodsNative language bindings for CRUD, Query, Search and Analytics APIs
Supported programming languages.Net
C
Clojure
ColdFusion
Erlang
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
.Net
Java infowith Android only
Objective-C
React Native
Swift
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresFunctions and timers in JavaScriptno inforuns within the applications so server-side scripts are unnecessary
Triggersyes infovia the TAP protocolyes infoChange Listeners
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication infoincluding cross data center replication
Source-replica replication
none
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoselectable on a per-operation basis
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoEphemeral bucketsyes infoIn-Memory realm
User concepts infoAccess controlUser and Administrator separation with password-based and LDAP integrated Authenticationyes
More information provided by the system vendor
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseRealm
Specific characteristicsDeveloped as an alternative to traditionally inflexible relational databases, Couchbase...
» more
Now a part of MongoDB Data Platform , Realm Database is the fast, easy to use, and...
» more
Competitive advantagesCouchbase was architected with several differentiated capabilities: Shared-nothing,...
» more
Realm ensures offline-first functionality, meaning apps run smoothly and deliver...
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Typical application scenariosCustomer 360 for user profile, session store and data aggregation (Comcast, Equifax,...
» more
Mobile Consumer Apps First-Line Worker Apps
» more
Key customersAmadeus, AT&T, BD (Becton, Dickinson and Company), Carrefour, Cisco, Comcast, Disney,...
» more
Cathay Pacific Royal Carribbean Cruise Lines Open Source Database powers apps built...
» more
Market metricsNamed a leader in the Forrester Wave™: Big Data NoSQL, Q1 2019 Over 10M downloads...
» more
Used by 100,000+ developers 2 bn installs Currently used in 40k+ applications in...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe Community Edition (CE) of Couchbase Server and Couchbase Mobile are available...
» more
Realm database is licensed under the Apache License v2.0.
» more
Related products and services
3rd partiesCData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

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More resources
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseRealm
DB-Engines blog posts

Couchbase climbs up the DB-Engines Ranking, increasing its popularity by 10% every month
2 June 2014, Matthias Gelbmann

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MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

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Recent citations in the news

Couchbase: No Equal | Technology & AI
18 February 2021, Business Chief

Couchbase Introduces Two New Certification Programs
25 February 2021, Yahoo Finance

Matt McDonough of Couchbase Recognized as 2021 CRN® Channel Chief
8 February 2021, GlobeNewswire

NoSQL Market 2028 SWOT Analysis, by Key Players: MarkLogic, MongoDB, Couchbase, Database, Basho, Aerospike, Neo4j
1 March 2021, The Bisouv Network

Developers Have Potential to Revolutionize Digital Transformation Efforts During COVID-19 Despite Challenges, Couchbase Research Finds
4 February 2021, GlobeNewswire

provided by Google News

MongoDB Extends Cloud Lineup With New Database Release, Search And Mobile Tools
12 June 2020, CRN: Technology news for channel partners and solution providers

MongoDB Cloud Gives Developers An Escape From Data Silos With First-Ever Unified Cloud-To-Mobile Experience
9 June 2020, PRNewswire

MongoDB Cloud brings developers and edge together
10 June 2020, TechRadar

Realm Makes PostgreSQL Real-Time with New Connector
21 March 2017, Database Trends and Applications

Realm Receives Investment from Ericsson Ventures to Advance Development of Edge Computing Solutions
21 September 2017, Business Wire

provided by Google News

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