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DBMS > Couchbase vs. Realm

System Properties Comparison Couchbase vs. Realm

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Our visitors often compare Couchbase and Realm with MongoDB, Elasticsearch and Amazon DynamoDB.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchbase infoOriginally called Membase  Xexclude from comparisonRealm  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed document store with integrated cache, a powerful search engine, in-built operational and analytical capabilities, and an embedded mobile databaseA DBMS built for use on mobile devices that’s a fast, easy to use alternative to SQLite and Core Data
Primary database modelDocument storeDocument store
Secondary database modelsKey-value store infooriginating from the former Membase product and supporting the Memcached protocol
Spatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extension
Search engine
Time Series DBMS
Vector DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score16.41
Rank#36  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score7.34
Rank#50  Overall
#8  Document stores
Websitewww.couchbase.comrealm.io
Technical documentationdocs.couchbase.comrealm.io/­docs
DeveloperCouchbase, Inc.Realm, acquired by MongoDB in May 2019
Initial release20112014
Current releaseServer: 7.2, June 2023; Mobile: 3.1, March 2022; Couchbase Capella (DBaaS), June 2023
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoBusiness Source License (BSL 1.1); Commercial licenses also availableOpen Source
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC, C++, Go and Erlang
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
Android
Backend: server-less
iOS
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no
Secondary indexesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL++, extends ANSI SQL to JSON for operational, transactional, and analytic use casesno
APIs and other access methodsCLI Client
HTTP REST
Kafka Connector
Native language bindings for CRUD, Query, Search and Analytics APIs
Spark Connector
Spring Data
Supported programming languages.Net
C
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Kotlin
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
Java infowith Android only
Objective-C
React Native
Swift
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresFunctions and timers in JavaScript and UDFs in Java, Python, SQL++no inforuns within the applications so server-side scripts are unnecessary
Triggersyes infovia the TAP protocolyes infoChange Listeners
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesAutomatic Shardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication infoincluding cross data center replication
Source-replica replication
none
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoselectable on a per-operation basis
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoEphemeral bucketsyes infoIn-Memory realm
User concepts infoAccess controlUser and Administrator separation with password-based and LDAP integrated Authentication. Role-base access control.yes

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More resources
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseRealm
DB-Engines blog posts

Couchbase climbs up the DB-Engines Ranking, increasing its popularity by 10% every month
2 June 2014, Matthias Gelbmann

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MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

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Recent citations in the news

Possible Bearish Signals With Couchbase Insiders Disposing Stock
17 July 2024, Simply Wall St

Couchbase C++ SDK Goes GA
16 July 2024, iProgrammer

Winners And Losers Of Q1: Couchbase (NASDAQ:BASE) Vs The Rest Of The Data Storage Stocks
15 July 2024, Yahoo Finance

Couchbase Announces New Features to Accelerate AI-Powered Adaptive Applications for Customers
29 February 2024, PR Newswire

Lord Abbett & CO. LLC Makes New $9.06 Million Investment in Couchbase, Inc. (NASDAQ:BASE)
19 July 2024, MarketBeat

provided by Google News

MongoDB aims to unify developer experience with launch of MongoDB Cloud
9 June 2020, diginomica

Kotlin Programming Language Will Surpass Java On Android Next Year
15 October 2017, Fossbytes

Is Swift the Future of Server-side Development?
12 September 2017, Solutions Review

Java Synthetic Methods — What are these ?
27 February 2021, DataDrivenInvestor

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