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DBMS > Couchbase vs. RavenDB vs. Realm

System Properties Comparison Couchbase vs. RavenDB vs. Realm

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchbase infoOriginally called Membase  Xexclude from comparisonRavenDB  Xexclude from comparisonRealm  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionJSON-based document store derived from CouchDB with a Memcached-compatible interfaceOpen Source Operational and Transactional Enterprise NoSQL Document DatabaseA DBMS built for use on mobile devices that’s a fast, easy to use alternative to SQLite and Core Data
Primary database modelDocument storeDocument storeDocument store
Secondary database modelsKey-value store infooriginating from the former Membase product and supporting the Memcached protocol
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score31.99
Rank#23  Overall
#3  Document stores
Score3.88
Rank#73  Overall
#13  Document stores
Score7.97
Rank#45  Overall
#8  Document stores
Websitewww.couchbase.comravendb.netrealm.io
Technical documentationdocs.couchbase.comravendb.net/­docsrealm.io/­docs
DeveloperCouchbase, Inc.Hibernating RhinosRealm, acquired by MongoDB in May 2019
Initial release201120102014
Current releaseServer: 6.0, October 2018; Mobile: 2.5, May 2019; Couchbase Autonomous Operator: 1.2, May 20194.2, May 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2; Commercial licenses also availableOpen Source infoAGPL version 3, commercial license availableOpen Source
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
RavenDB Cloud: Deploy a multi-node managed cluster in minutes. 10% discount for all users throughout 2019.
Implementation languageC, C++, Go and ErlangC#
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux
macOS
Raspberry Pi
Windows
Android
Backend: server-less
iOS
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infoString, Boolean, Numbernoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLDeclarative query language (N1QL) that extends ANSI SQL to JSON. First commercial implementation of SQL++.SQL-like query language (RQL)no
APIs and other access methodsNative language bindings for CRUD, Query, Search and Analytics APIs.NET Client API
Java Client API
Python Client API
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languages.Net
C
Clojure
ColdFusion
Erlang
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
.Net
C#
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Ruby
.Net
Java infowith Android only
Objective-C
React Native
Swift
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresFunctions and timers in JavaScriptyesno inforuns within the applications so server-side scripts are unnecessary
Triggersyes infovia the TAP protocolyesyes infoChange Listeners
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication infoincluding cross data center replication
Master-slave replication
Multi-master replicationnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyes infoMapReduce functions can be defined in Linqno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoselectable on a per-operation basis
Eventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataSingle-document ACID transactionsACID, Cluster-wide transaction availableACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoEphemeral bucketsyes infoIn-Memory realm
User concepts infoAccess controlUser and Administrator separation with password-based and LDAP integrated AuthenticationAccess control on document level using the Authorization Bundleyes
More information provided by the system vendor
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseRavenDBRealm
Specific characteristicsDeveloped as an alternative to traditionally inflexible relational databases, Couchbase...
» more
RavenDB is the pioneer NoSQL Document Database that is fully transactional (ACID)...
» more
Now a part of MongoDB Data Platform , Realm Database is the fast, easy to use, and...
» more
Competitive advantagesCouchbase was architected with several differentiated capabilities: Shared-nothing,...
» more
RavenDB is easy to setup and secure. You can do it in a matter of minutes . Easy...
» more
Realm ensures offline-first functionality, meaning apps run smoothly and deliver...
» more
Typical application scenariosCustomer 360 for user profile, session store and data aggregation (Comcast, Equifax,...
» more
IoT for Edge Deployments Fraud Detection Recommendation Engines Product Catalogs...
» more
Mobile Consumer Apps First-Line Worker Apps
» more
Key customersAmadeus, AT&T, BD (Becton, Dickinson and Company), Carrefour, Cisco, Comcast, Disney,...
» more
Toyota, Capgemini, Vodafone, Medicaid, Asos, Nomura, RMS Automotive, MSNBC, Pluralsight,...
» more
Cathay Pacific Royal Carribbean Cruise Lines Open Source Database powers apps built...
» more
Market metricsNamed a leader in the Forrester Wave™: Big Data NoSQL, Q1 2019 Over 10M downloads...
» more
2 million+ downloads 1000+ customers including Fortune 500 large enterprises
» more
Used by 100,000+ developers 2 bn installs Currently used in 40k+ applications in...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe Community Edition (CE) of Couchbase Server and Couchbase Mobile are available...
» more
RavenDB is available on-premise and in the cloud. RavenDB Cloud is available on AWS...
» more
Realm database is licensed under the Apache License v2.0.
» more
Related products and services
3rd partiesCData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseRavenDBRealm
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Recent citations in the news

Couchbase Marks Strong First Half with Record Growth
23 October 2019, Yahoo Finance

Couchbase Named to Deloitte Technology Fast 500™ for Third Consecutive Year
11 November 2019, GlobeNewswire

Global Document Databases Market 2019 – Couchbase, MongoDB, Amazon, MarkLogic, Aerospike, Neo Technology, Basho Technologies
19 November 2019, The Industry Press Releases

Document Databases Market Growth Rate 2019 | Couchbase, MongoDB, Amazon, MarkLogic, Aerospike
18 November 2019, News Midget

Global NoSQL Market Growth 2019-2025 – Oracle, MarkLogic, MongoDB, Couchbase, Database, Basho, Aerospike, Neo4j
17 November 2019, Globe News Reports

provided by Google News

RavenDB Adds New Enhancements to Its Cloud-Based Database Service
4 November 2019, Toolbox

Review: NoSQL database RavenDB
20 March 2019, TechGenix

RavenDB Adds Graph Queries
15 May 2019, Datanami

RavenDB vs MongoDB Database for Modern Apps
28 August 2019, Communal News

Global NoSQL Databases Software Market to Deliver Prominent Growth & Striking Opportunities Scenario Highlighting Major Drivers & Trends 2019-2026 | MongoDB, Amazon, ArangoDB, Azure Cosmos DB, Couchbase, MarkLogic
18 November 2019, Market Expert

provided by Google News

Realm Makes PostgreSQL Real-Time with New Connector
21 March 2017, Database Trends and Applications

Realm Receives Investment from Ericsson Ventures to Advance Development of Edge Computing Solutions
21 September 2017, Business Wire

Realm Platform 2.0 Is Significant Step Forward for Building Responsive and Real-Time Mobile Applications
17 October 2017, Business Wire

Realm explains the benefits of real-time collaboration for mobile apps
24 October 2016, App Developer Magazine

How Realm's New React Native Database Helps Developers
2 March 2016, App Developer Magazine

provided by Google News

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