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DBMS > Couchbase vs. OpenSearch vs. PouchDB

System Properties Comparison Couchbase vs. OpenSearch vs. PouchDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchbase infoOriginally called Membase  Xexclude from comparisonOpenSearch  Xexclude from comparisonPouchDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed document store with integrated cache, a powerful search engine, in-built operational and analytical capabilities, and an embedded mobile databaseA distributed, RESTful search and analytics engine forked from Elasticsearch and based on Apache LuceneJavaScript DBMS with an API inspired by CouchDB
Primary database modelDocument storeSearch engineDocument store
Secondary database modelsKey-value store infooriginating from the former Membase product and supporting the Memcached protocol
Spatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extension
Search engine
Time Series DBMS
Vector DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score20.48
Rank#34  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score14.84
Rank#40  Overall
#4  Search engines
Score2.89
Rank#114  Overall
#22  Document stores
Websitewww.couchbase.comgithub.com/­opensearch-project
opensearch.org
pouchdb.com
Technical documentationdocs.couchbase.comopensearch.org/­docs/­latestpouchdb.com/­guides
DeveloperCouchbase, Inc.Amazon Web ServicesApache Software Foundation
Initial release201120212012
Current releaseServer: 7.2, June 2023; Mobile: 3.1, March 2022; Couchbase Capella (DBaaS), June 20232.5.0, January 20237.1.1, June 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoBusiness Source License (BSL 1.1); Commercial licenses also availableOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Aiven for OpenSearch: Fully managed open source search and analytics suite. Out-of-the-box integrations get you up and running in a couple of clicks.
Implementation languageC, C++, Go and ErlangJavaJavaScript
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VMserver-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js)
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no
Secondary indexesyesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyes infovia views
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL++, extends ANSI SQL to JSON for operational, transactional, and analytic use casesSQL-like query languageno
APIs and other access methodsCLI Client
HTTP REST
Kafka Connector
Native language bindings for CRUD, Query, Search and Analytics APIs
Spark Connector
Spring Data
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
HTTP REST infoonly for PouchDB Server
JavaScript API
Supported programming languages.Net
C
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Kotlin
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby infoElasticsearch client
JavaScript
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresFunctions and timers in JavaScript and UDFs in Java, Python, SQL++yesView functions in JavaScript
Triggersyes infovia the TAP protocolyes infoby using the 'percolation' featureyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesAutomatic ShardingShardingSharding infowith a proxy-based framework, named couchdb-lounge
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication infoincluding cross data center replication
Source-replica replication
yesMulti-source replication infoalso with CouchDB databases
Source-replica replication infoalso with CouchDB databases
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoselectable on a per-operation basis
Eventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnono
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoby using IndexedDB, WebSQL or LevelDB as backend
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoEphemeral bucketsyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUser and Administrator separation with password-based and LDAP integrated Authentication. Role-base access control.no
More information provided by the system vendor
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseOpenSearchPouchDB
Specific characteristicsOpenSearch is a highly scalable and extensible open-source software suite for search,...
» more
Competitive advantagesDistributed as fully open source under Apache License, Version 2.0 (ALv2), OpenSearch...
» more
Typical application scenariosThe OpenSearch platform is used across a broad range of search , analytics, and observability...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe OpenSearch Project offers open source software licensed under Apache License...
» more

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Related products and services
3rd partiesCData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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Aiven for OpenSearch: Fully managed open source search and analytics suite. Out-of-the-box integrations get you up and running in a couple of clicks.
» more

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More resources
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseOpenSearchPouchDB
DB-Engines blog posts

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