DBMS > Couchbase vs. Neo4j vs. Stardog
System Properties Comparison Couchbase vs. Neo4j vs. Stardog
Please select another system to include it in the comparison.
|Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
|Couchbase Originally called Membase Xexclude from comparison
|Neo4j Xexclude from comparison
|Stardog Xexclude from comparison
|A distributed document store with integrated cache, a powerful search engine, in-built operational and analytical capabilities, and an embedded mobile database
|Scalable, ACID-compliant graph database designed with a high-performance distributed cluster architecture, available in self-hosted and cloud offerings
|Enterprise Knowledge Graph platform and graph DBMS with high availability, high performance reasoning, and virtualization
|Primary database model
|Secondary database models
|Key-value store originating from the former Membase product and supporting the Memcached protocol
Spatial DBMS using the Geocouch extension
Time Series DBMS
|Server: 7.2, June 2023; Mobile: 3.1, March 2022; Couchbase Capella (DBaaS), June 2023
|5.16, January 2024
|7.3.0, May 2020
|License Commercial or Open Source
|Open Source Business Source License (BSL 1.1); Commercial licenses also available
|Open Source GPL version3, commercial licenses available
|commercial 60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/students
|Cloud-based only Only available as a cloud service
|DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) Database as a Service
Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
|Neo4j Aura: Neo4j’s fully managed cloud service: The zero-admin, always-on graph database for cloud developers.
|C, C++, Go and Erlang
|Server operating systems
|Linux Can also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
|schema-free and schema-optional
|schema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support
|Typing predefined data types such as float or date
|XML support Some form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.
|no Import/export of XML data possible
|yes pluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Lucene
|yes supports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatial
|SQL Support of SQL
|SQL++, extends ANSI SQL to JSON for operational, transactional, and analytic use cases
|Yes, compatible with all major SQL variants through dedicated BI/SQL Server
|APIs and other access methods
Native language bindings for CRUD, Query, Search and Analytics APIs
Cypher query language
Neo4j-OGM Object Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
|GraphQL query language
Jena RDF API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
|Supported programming languages
|Server-side scripts Stored procedures
|yes User defined Procedures and Functions
|user defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Java
|yes via the TAP protocol
|yes via event handler
|yes via event handlers
|Partitioning methods Methods for storing different data on different nodes
|yes using Neo4j Fabric
|Replication methods Methods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodes
|Multi-source replication including cross data center replication
|Causal Clustering using Raft protocol available in in Enterprise Version only
|Multi-source replication in HA-Cluster
|MapReduce Offers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methods
|Consistency concepts Methods to ensure consistency in a distributed system
Immediate Consistency selectable on a per-operation basis
|Causal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
|Immediate Consistency in HA-Cluster
|Foreign keys Referential integrity
|yes Relationships in graphs
|yes relationships in graphs
|Transaction concepts Support to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of data
|Concurrency Support for concurrent manipulation of data
|Durability Support for making data persistent
|In-memory capabilities Is there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.
|yes Ephemeral buckets
|User concepts Access control
|User and Administrator separation with password-based and LDAP integrated Authentication. Role-base access control.
|Users, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)
|Access rights for users and roles
|More information provided by the system vendor
|Couchbase Originally called Membase
|Neo4j delivers graph technology that has been battle tested for performance and scale...
|Neo4j is the market leader, graph database category creator, and the most widely...
|Typical application scenarios
|Real-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
|Over 800 commercial customers and over 4300 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
|Neo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than 140 million...
|Licensing and pricing models
|GPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
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|Related products and services
|CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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|Couchbase Originally called Membase
|DB-Engines blog posts
Couchbase climbs up the DB-Engines Ranking, increasing its popularity by 10% every month
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MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking The openCypher Project: Help Shape the SQL for Graphs
The openCypher Project: Help Shape the SQL for Graphs
|Recent citations in the news
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Barclays cuts Couchbase rating to equal-weight, raises stock price target to $29
provided by Google News
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provided by Google News
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