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DBMS > Couchbase vs. Neo4j vs. ScyllaDB vs. Stardog vs. TigerGraph

System Properties Comparison Couchbase vs. Neo4j vs. ScyllaDB vs. Stardog vs. TigerGraph

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchbase infoOriginally called Membase  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonScyllaDB  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparisonTigerGraph  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionJSON-based document store derived from CouchDB with a Memcached-compatible interfaceOpen source graph databaseCassandra-compatible wide column storeEnterprise Knowledge Graph and graph DBMS with high availability and high performance reasoningA complete, distributed, parallel graph computing platform supporting web-scale data analytics in real-time
Primary database modelDocument storeGraph DBMSWide column storeGraph DBMS
RDF store
Graph DBMS
Secondary database modelsKey-value store infooriginating from the former Membase product and supporting the Memcached protocol
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score32.16
Rank#23  Overall
#3  Document stores
Score51.21
Rank#22  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score2.25
Rank#109  Overall
#8  Wide column stores
Score0.91
Rank#162  Overall
#12  Graph DBMS
#6  RDF stores
Score0.87
Rank#165  Overall
#13  Graph DBMS
Websitewww.couchbase.comneo4j.comwww.scylladb.comwww.stardog.comwww.tigergraph.com
Technical documentationdocs.couchbase.comneo4j.com/­docsdocs.scylladb.comwww.stardog.com/­docsdocs.tigergraph.com
DeveloperCouchbase, Inc.Neo4j, Inc.ScyllaDBStardog-Union
Initial release20112007201520102017
Current releaseServer: 6.5, January 2020; Mobile: 2.7, January 2020; Couchbase Autonomous Operator: 1.2, May 20194.0.0, January 2020Scylla Open Source 3.2.0, January 20206.2.3, July 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2; Commercial licenses also availableOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoOpen Source (AGPL), commercial license availablecommercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/studentscommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Couchbase Cloud: Deploy, manage, and operate Couchbase in a few clicks.
Implementation languageC, C++, Go and ErlangJava, ScalaC++JavaC++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
LinuxLinux
macOS
Windows
Linux
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free and schema-optionalschema-freeschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema supportyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infoString, Boolean, Numberyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono infoImport/export of XML data possibleno
Secondary indexesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyes infocluster global secondary indicesyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatial
SQL infoSupport of SQLDeclarative query language (N1QL) that extends ANSI SQL to JSON. First commercial implementation of SQL++.noSQL-like DML and DDL statements (CQL)SPARQL is used as query languageSQL-like query language (GSQL)
APIs and other access methodsNative language bindings for CRUD, Query, Search and Analytics APIsBolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
Proprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
GSQL (TigerGraph Query Language)
Kafka
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languages.Net
C
Clojure
ColdFusion
Erlang
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
C++
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresFunctions and timers in JavaScriptyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functionsnouser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Javayes
Triggersyes infovia the TAP protocolyes infovia event handlernoyes infovia event handlersno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnoneShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication infoincluding cross data center replication
Master-slave replication
Causal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleMaster-master replication in HA-Cluster
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnononoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoselectable on a per-operation basis
Causal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate Consistency in HA-Cluster
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infoRelationships in graphsnoyes inforelationships in graphsyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDno infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoEphemeral bucketsyes infoin-memory tablesyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlUser and Administrator separation with password-based and LDAP integrated AuthenticationUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)Access rights for users can be defined per objectAccess rights for users and rolesRole-based access control
More information provided by the system vendor
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseNeo4jScyllaDBStardogTigerGraph
Specific characteristicsDeveloped as an alternative to traditionally inflexible relational databases, Couchbase...
» more
Neo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Stardog is a knowledge graph platform backed by a performant, scalable graph database....
» more
TigerGraph is a native graph database, with massively parallel processing and fully...
» more
Competitive advantagesCouchbase was architected with several differentiated capabilities: Shared-nothing,...
» more
Neo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
Stardog is uniquely designed to aid in data integration for your complex data. Benefits...
» more
TigerGraph is the fastest and most scalable graph platform, powered by a native parallel...
» more
Typical application scenariosCustomer 360 for user profile, session store and data aggregation (Comcast, Equifax,...
» more
Real-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Stardog is frequently used for: Anti-money laundering & fraud monitoring Customer...
» more
Anti Money Laundering Real-Time Fraud Detection Customer 360 Real-Time Personalized...
» more
Key customersAmadeus, AT&T, BD (Becton, Dickinson and Company), Carrefour, Cisco, Comcast, Disney,...
» more
Over 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Bosch, Dow Jones, Elsevier, Ericsson, Morgan Stanley, NASA, NIH, Nokia, Salesforce,...
» more
TigerGraph’s proven technology supports applications such as fraud detection, customer...
» more
Market metricsNamed a leader in the Forrester Wave™: Big Data NoSQL, Q1 2019 Over 10M downloads...
» more
Neo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Stardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
TigerGraph is 2x to more than 8000x faster at graph traversal and query response...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe Community Edition (CE) of Couchbase Server and Couchbase Mobile are available...
» more
GPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
A fully-featured 60-day Trial license is available for those testing Stardog; contact...
» more
NEW: TIGERGRAPH CLOUD - Fully managed Graph Database as a Service. Hourly pricing...
» more
News

Ontologies in Neo4j: Semantics and Knowledge Graphs
19 February 2020

This Week in Neo4j – Flight Search Application, Graph Data Science Library Preview, Neo4j 4.0 Treasure Map
15 February 2020

Neo4j 4.0 Security Rocks: The 5-Minute Interview with Michal Bachman, CEO, GraphAware
14 February 2020

Part 1: Using Neo4j in Business Process Modeling Scenarios
13 February 2020

Personalized Product Recommendations at Nordstrom
12 February 2020

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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3rd partiesCData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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More resources
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseNeo4jScyllaDBStardogTigerGraph
DB-Engines blog posts

Couchbase climbs up the DB-Engines Ranking, increasing its popularity by 10% every month
2 June 2014, Matthias Gelbmann

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Applying Graph Analytics to Game of Thrones
12 June 2019, Amy Hodler & Mark Needham, Neo4j (guest author)

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

The openCypher Project: Help Shape the SQL for Graphs
22 December 2015, Emil Eifrem (guest author)

show all

Conferences and events

GraphConnect 2020
New York, USA, 20-22 April 2020

Recent citations in the news

Couchbase launches a fully managed database service
4 February 2020, TechCrunch

Matt McDonough of Couchbase Recognized on CRN’s 2020 Channel Chiefs List
13 February 2020, Yahoo Finance

Couchbase Mobile Wins 2020 BIG Innovation Award
22 January 2020, Yahoo Finance

Couchbase Announces Settlement of Trade Secret Litigation with Redis Labs
28 January 2020, Yahoo Finance

NoSQL DBaaS, Couchbase Cloud arrives
11 February 2020, App Developer Magazine

provided by Google News

Neo4j 4.0 graph database platform brings unlimited scaling
4 February 2020, TechCrunch

Neo4j Updates Graph Database
6 February 2020, ADT Magazine

Neo4j Marks Another Year of Product, Customer and Community Momentum
29 January 2020, PRNewswire

Whaddya mean, 'niche'?! Neo4j's chief scientist schools El Reg on graph databases
5 February 2020, The Register

GRAPH DATABASE MARKET OUTLOOK TO 2026 LEADING BY INDUSTRY PLAYERS LIKE ORACLE, IBM, MICROSOFT, AMAZON WEB SERVICES, INC., NEO4J, INC., TIBCO SOFTWARE INC
18 February 2020, Nyse Nasdaq Live

provided by Google News

ScyllaDB Extends Support for Streaming with High-Performance Apache Kafka™ Connector
18 February 2020, Yahoo Finance

SD Times Open-Source Project of the Week: Scylla Open Source Database
24 January 2020, SDTimes.com

Scylla Enterprise Named a Winner in InfoWorld Technology of the Year Awards
11 February 2020, Yahoo Finance

ScyllaDB Launches Scylla Cloud Database as a Service
9 April 2019, AiThority

ScyllaDB Smashes Performance Record, Hits 1,000,000,000 RPS
5 November 2019, GlobeNewswire

provided by Google News

Virtual Roundtable Feb. 5: Updating Health Care, Pharma IT with Graph Database, Analytics
3 February 2020, eWeek

TigerGraph raises $32 million for graph database tools
25 September 2019, VentureBeat

Graph Analytics Market Outlook: Poised For a Strong 2020 | AWS, Linkurious, Cray, Teradata, TigerGraph
17 February 2020, TechNews.mobi

TigerGraph launches graph database as a service
2 October 2019, InfoWorld

TigerGraph Improves Its Graph Database-As-A-Service With Enhanced Performance And More Robustness
3 December 2019, GlobeNewswire

provided by Google News

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