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DBMS > Couchbase vs. Neo4j vs. RDF4J

System Properties Comparison Couchbase vs. Neo4j vs. RDF4J

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchbase infoOriginally called Membase  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionJSON-based document store derived from CouchDB with a Memcached-compatible interfaceOpen source graph databaseRDF4J is a Java framework for processing RDF data, supporting both memory-based and a disk-based storage.
Primary database modelDocument storeGraph DBMSRDF store
Secondary database modelsKey-value store infooriginating from the former Membase product and supporting the Memcached protocol
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score30.33
Rank#26  Overall
#4  Document stores
Score51.34
Rank#21  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score0.57
Rank#220  Overall
#9  RDF stores
Websitewww.couchbase.comneo4j.comrdf4j.org
Technical documentationdocs.couchbase.comneo4j.com/­docsrdf4j.org/­documentation
DeveloperCouchbase, Inc.Neo4j, Inc.Since 2016 officially forked into an Eclipse project, former developer was Aduna Software.
Initial release201120072004
Current releaseServer: 6.5, January 2020; Mobile: 2.7, January 2020; Couchbase Autonomous Operator: 1.2, May 20194.1.3, October 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2; Commercial licenses also availableOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoEclipse Distribution License (EDL), v1.0.
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Couchbase Cloud: Deploy, manage, and operate Couchbase in a few clicks
Implementation languageC, C++, Go and ErlangJava, ScalaJava
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free and schema-optionalyes infoRDF Schemas
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infoString, Boolean, Numberyesyes
Secondary indexesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLDeclarative query language (N1QL) that extends ANSI SQL to JSON. First commercial implementation of SQL++.nono
APIs and other access methodsNative language bindings for CRUD, Query, Search and Analytics APIsBolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
Java API
RIO infoRDF Input/Output
Sail API
SeRQL infoSesame RDF Query Language
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL
Supported programming languages.Net
C
Clojure
ColdFusion
Erlang
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Java
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresFunctions and timers in JavaScriptyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functionsyes
Triggersyes infovia the TAP protocolyes infovia event handleryes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication infoincluding cross data center replication
Source-replica replication
Causal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlynone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoselectable on a per-operation basis
Causal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID infoIsolation support depends on the API used
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoin-memory storage is supported as well
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoEphemeral buckets
User concepts infoAccess controlUser and Administrator separation with password-based and LDAP integrated AuthenticationUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)no
More information provided by the system vendor
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseNeo4jRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame
Specific characteristicsDeveloped as an alternative to traditionally inflexible relational databases, Couchbase...
» more
Neo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Competitive advantagesCouchbase was architected with several differentiated capabilities: Shared-nothing,...
» more
Neo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
Typical application scenariosCustomer 360 for user profile, session store and data aggregation (Comcast, Equifax,...
» more
Real-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersAmadeus, AT&T, BD (Becton, Dickinson and Company), Carrefour, Cisco, Comcast, Disney,...
» more
Over 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsNamed a leader in the Forrester Wave™: Big Data NoSQL, Q1 2019 Over 10M downloads...
» more
Neo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe Community Edition (CE) of Couchbase Server and Couchbase Mobile are available...
» more
GPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
News

#GraphCast: Graph Data Science Library
23 October 2020

Graph Visualization Just Got Easier: Introducing Neo4j Bloom 1.4!
22 October 2020

Announcing: Graph-Native Machine Learning in Neo4j!
21 October 2020

NODES 2020 Virtual Space: Have a Peek
19 October 2020

This Week in Neo4j – Neo4j 4.0 procedure examples, Connecting your React app to Neo4j with React Hooks, New Graph Algorithms Training
17 October 2020

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseNeo4jRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame
DB-Engines blog posts

Couchbase climbs up the DB-Engines Ranking, increasing its popularity by 10% every month
2 June 2014, Matthias Gelbmann

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12 June 2019, Amy Hodler & Mark Needham, Neo4j (guest author)

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2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

The openCypher Project: Help Shape the SQL for Graphs
22 December 2015, Emil Eifrem (guest author)

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Recent citations in the news

What to expect from Couchbase Connect 2020
13 October 2020, ComputerWeekly.com

Couchbase Advances Edge Computing Innovation with 2.8 Release of Couchbase Lite and Sync Gateway
14 October 2020, GlobeNewswire

Couchbase Launches Version 2.8 of Couchbase Lite and Couchbase Sync Gateway
19 October 2020, CIOReview

Couchbase Connect Goes Online
2 October 2020, iProgrammer

Couchbase to Participate at the Goldman Sachs Private Company Software Conference
30 September 2020, GlobeNewswire

provided by Google News

Neo4j Is the Choice of Leading Companies for Graph Databases in the Cloud
20 October 2020, Yahoo Finance

Google, NASA, PayPal and the World Bank to Headline Neo4j's NODES 2020 Developer Conference
14 October 2020, PRNewswire

Don't Miss NODES 2020, the Largest Graph Developer Event of the Year
28 September 2020, Datanami

Neo4j Democratizes Graph-Based Machine Learning with the Launch of Graph Data Science™
21 October 2020, Read IT Quik

Learning Graph Databases Just Got a Whole Lot Easier
5 October 2020, Datanami

provided by Google News

Big data database Apache Rya becomes a Top Level Project
10 October 2019, JAXenter

Ontotext's GraphDB 9.2 Supports RDF* to Match the Expressivity of Property Graphs
30 April 2020, PR Newswire UK

Amazon Neptune review: A scalable graph database for OLTP
13 May 2019, InfoWorld

Ontotext's GraphDB 8.9 Boosts Semantic Similarity Search
10 April 2019, PR Newswire UK

Apache Rya matures open source triple store database
17 October 2019, TechTarget

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