DB-EnginesInfluxDB download bannerEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Couchbase vs. Neo4j vs. Oracle Berkeley DB vs. ScyllaDB vs. TigerGraph

System Properties Comparison Couchbase vs. Neo4j vs. Oracle Berkeley DB vs. ScyllaDB vs. TigerGraph

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchbase infoOriginally called Membase  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonOracle Berkeley DB  Xexclude from comparisonScyllaDB  Xexclude from comparisonTigerGraph  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionJSON-based document store derived from CouchDB with a Memcached-compatible interfaceOpen source graph databaseWidely used in-process key-value storeCassandra-compatible wide column storeA complete, distributed, parallel graph computing platform supporting web-scale data analytics in real-time
Primary database modelDocument storeGraph DBMSKey-value store infosupports sorted and unsorted key sets
Native XML DBMS infoin the Oracle Berkeley DB XML version
Wide column storeGraph DBMS
Secondary database modelsKey-value store infooriginating from the former Membase product and supporting the Memcached protocol
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score32.16
Rank#23  Overall
#3  Document stores
Score51.21
Rank#22  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score2.98
Rank#87  Overall
#15  Key-value stores
#2  Native XML DBMS
Score2.25
Rank#109  Overall
#8  Wide column stores
Score0.87
Rank#165  Overall
#13  Graph DBMS
Websitewww.couchbase.comneo4j.comwww.oracle.com/­technetwork/­database/­database-technologies/­berkeleydb/­overview/­index.htmlwww.scylladb.comwww.tigergraph.com
Technical documentationdocs.couchbase.comneo4j.com/­docsdocs.oracle.com/­cd/­E17076_05/­html/­index.htmldocs.scylladb.comdocs.tigergraph.com
DeveloperCouchbase, Inc.Neo4j, Inc.Oracle infooriginally developed by Sleepycat, which was acquired by OracleScyllaDB
Initial release20112007199420152017
Current releaseServer: 6.5, January 2020; Mobile: 2.7, January 2020; Couchbase Autonomous Operator: 1.2, May 20194.0.0, January 202018.1 (Core), June 2018Scylla Open Source 3.2.0, January 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2; Commercial licenses also availableOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infocommercial license availableOpen Source infoOpen Source (AGPL), commercial license availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Couchbase Cloud: Deploy, manage, and operate Couchbase in a few clicks.
Implementation languageC, C++, Go and ErlangJava, ScalaC, Java, C++ (depending on the Berkeley DB edition)C++C++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
AIX
Android
FreeBSD
iOS
Linux
OS X
Solaris
VxWorks
Windows
LinuxLinux
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free and schema-optionalschema-freeschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infoString, Boolean, Numberyesnoyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infoonly with the Berkeley DB XML editionnono
Secondary indexesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyesyes infocluster global secondary indices
SQL infoSupport of SQLDeclarative query language (N1QL) that extends ANSI SQL to JSON. First commercial implementation of SQL++.noyes infoSQL interfaced based on SQLite is availableSQL-like DML and DDL statements (CQL)SQL-like query language (GSQL)
APIs and other access methodsNative language bindings for CRUD, Query, Search and Analytics APIsBolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
Proprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
GSQL (TigerGraph Query Language)
Kafka
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languages.Net
C
Clojure
ColdFusion
Erlang
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net infoFigaro is a .Net framework assembly that extends Berkeley DB XML into an embeddable database engine for .NET
others infoThird-party libraries to manipulate Berkeley DB files are available for many languages
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js) info3rd party binding
Perl
Python
Tcl
C#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C++
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresFunctions and timers in JavaScriptyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functionsnonoyes
Triggersyes infovia the TAP protocolyes infovia event handleryes infoonly for the SQL APInono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnonenoneSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication infoincluding cross data center replication
Master-slave replication
Causal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyMaster-slave replicationselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possible
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnononoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoselectable on a per-operation basis
Causal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infoRelationships in graphsnonoyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDno infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoEphemeral bucketsyesyes infoin-memory tablesno
User concepts infoAccess controlUser and Administrator separation with password-based and LDAP integrated AuthenticationUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)noAccess rights for users can be defined per objectRole-based access control
More information provided by the system vendor
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseNeo4jOracle Berkeley DBScyllaDBTigerGraph
Specific characteristicsDeveloped as an alternative to traditionally inflexible relational databases, Couchbase...
» more
Neo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
TigerGraph is a native graph database, with massively parallel processing and fully...
» more
Competitive advantagesCouchbase was architected with several differentiated capabilities: Shared-nothing,...
» more
Neo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
TigerGraph is the fastest and most scalable graph platform, powered by a native parallel...
» more
Typical application scenariosCustomer 360 for user profile, session store and data aggregation (Comcast, Equifax,...
» more
Real-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Anti Money Laundering Real-Time Fraud Detection Customer 360 Real-Time Personalized...
» more
Key customersAmadeus, AT&T, BD (Becton, Dickinson and Company), Carrefour, Cisco, Comcast, Disney,...
» more
Over 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
TigerGraph’s proven technology supports applications such as fraud detection, customer...
» more
Market metricsNamed a leader in the Forrester Wave™: Big Data NoSQL, Q1 2019 Over 10M downloads...
» more
Neo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
TigerGraph is 2x to more than 8000x faster at graph traversal and query response...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe Community Edition (CE) of Couchbase Server and Couchbase Mobile are available...
» more
GPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
NEW: TIGERGRAPH CLOUD - Fully managed Graph Database as a Service. Hourly pricing...
» more
News

This Week in Neo4j – Halin Monitoring, Analyzing CodeMotion Data, Exploring GGCD Graph, Clojure Release, and More 4.0
22 February 2020

#GraphCast: Migrating from Neo4j 3.5 to 4.0
21 February 2020

Ontologies in Neo4j: Semantics and Knowledge Graphs
19 February 2020

This Week in Neo4j – Flight Search Application, Graph Data Science Library Preview, Neo4j 4.0 Treasure Map
15 February 2020

Neo4j 4.0 Security Rocks: The 5-Minute Interview with Michal Bachman, CEO, GraphAware
14 February 2020

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesCData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseNeo4jOracle Berkeley DBScyllaDBTigerGraph
DB-Engines blog posts

Couchbase climbs up the DB-Engines Ranking, increasing its popularity by 10% every month
2 June 2014, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

Applying Graph Analytics to Game of Thrones
12 June 2019, Amy Hodler & Mark Needham, Neo4j (guest author)

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

The openCypher Project: Help Shape the SQL for Graphs
22 December 2015, Emil Eifrem (guest author)

show all

Conferences and events

GraphConnect 2020
New York, USA, 20-22 April 2020

Recent citations in the news

Couchbase launches a fully managed database service
4 February 2020, TechCrunch

Couchbase to Present at the JMP Securities Technology Conference
19 February 2020, Yahoo Finance

Couchbase Announces Settlement of Trade Secret Litigation with Redis Labs
28 January 2020, Yahoo Finance

MicroStrategy and Couchbase ready cloud-savvy releases
5 February 2020, ZDNet

NoSQL DBaaS, Couchbase Cloud arrives
11 February 2020, App Developer Magazine

provided by Google News

Neo4j 4.0 graph database platform brings unlimited scaling
4 February 2020, TechCrunch

Neo4j Updates Graph Database
6 February 2020, ADT Magazine

Neo4j Marks Another Year of Product, Customer and Community Momentum
29 January 2020, PRNewswire

Whaddya mean, 'niche'?! Neo4j's chief scientist schools El Reg on graph databases
5 February 2020, The Register

Graph Database Market Future Forecast 2019-2025 – triAGENS GmbH(Arango DB), Neo4j, Inc, OrientDB Ltd, Cayley, Titan
22 February 2020, Nyse Nasdaq Live

provided by Google News

Oracle switches Berkeley DB license
5 July 2013, InfoWorld

Getting Started with Oracle Berkeley DB
30 August 2009, DZone News

Top Local Databases for React Native App Development {A 2020 List}
15 October 2019, Appinventiv

Under the Hood: Oracle Berkeley DB XML
7 May 2008, XML.com

Database Trends Report: SQL Beats NoSQL, MySQL Most Popular
5 March 2019, ADT Magazine

provided by Google News

ScyllaDB Extends Support for Streaming with High-Performance Apache Kafka™ Connector
18 February 2020, Yahoo Finance

Scylla Enterprise Named a Winner in InfoWorld Technology of the Year Awards
11 February 2020, Yahoo Finance

ScyllaDB Launches Scylla Cloud Database as a Service
9 April 2019, AiThority

ScyllaDB Smashes Performance Record, Hits 1,000,000,000 RPS
5 November 2019, GlobeNewswire

SD Times Open-Source Project of the Week: Scylla Open Source Database
24 January 2020, SDTimes.com

provided by Google News

Virtual Roundtable Feb. 5: Updating Health Care, Pharma IT with Graph Database, Analytics
3 February 2020, eWeek

TigerGraph raises $32 million for graph database tools
25 September 2019, VentureBeat

TigerGraph launches graph database as a service
2 October 2019, InfoWorld

TigerGraph Improves Its Graph Database-As-A-Service With Enhanced Performance And More Robustness
3 December 2019, GlobeNewswire

TigerGraph Carves a New Niche with $32 Million Funding, Market Expansion and Latest Product Launch
27 September 2019, MarTech Series

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Kafka developer
Ace-stack LLC, Arizona

Principal Product Manager - Security, Couchbase Database
Couchbase, Remote

Hadoop Tester
Ameritech Global(ATGTECH), Dallas, TX

Full Stack Developer - API (Remote)
Brandyourself, Remote

Engineer - R&D skills, Java, NoSQL (Cassandra, Couchbase, MongoDB)
American Express, Sunrise, FL

Entry Level Data Scientist
RTI International, Durham, NC

Vice President, Architecture
JP Morgan Chase, Plano, TX

Data Analyst
Kharon, Los Angeles, CA

Data Scientist
Intel, Folsom, CA

Data Scientist - Defense & Intelligence
Elder Research Inc, Charlottesville, VA

Clojure Server Side Developer
Alaka`ina Foundation Family of Companies, Remote

Database Engineer, Senior
Independent Software, Annapolis Junction, MD

Software Engineer (TS/SCI with Polygraph)
Deloitte, Baltimore, MD

Senior Developer
Spectrum Systems, Riverwoods, IL

Site Reliability Engineer
Dstillery, New York, NY

Systems Engineer / DevOps
Hive, San Francisco, CA

Engineering Manager, Compute Platform
Dstillery, New York, NY

Database Administrator / Engineer
EDO, Inc., Los Angeles, CA

Lead Data Operations Engineer
Turner, New York, NY

Software Engineer
TigerGraph, Redwood City, CA

Data Engineer
rMark Bio, Chicago, IL

Sales Development Representative
TigerGraph, Redwood City, CA

Senior Quality Engineer
TigerGraph, Redwood City, CA

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

Datastax Luna logo

Simple, subscription-based support for open source
Apache Cassandra™ from the Cassandra experts.
Learn more.

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.

MariaDB logo

How do MariaDB, Oracle MySQL and EnterpriseDB compare?
Get the white paper to
learn more.

Present your product here