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DBMS > Couchbase vs. Neo4j vs. OmniSci vs. Virtuoso

System Properties Comparison Couchbase vs. Neo4j vs. OmniSci vs. Virtuoso

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchbase infoOriginally called Membase  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonOmniSci infoFormerly named 'MapD', rebranded to 'OmniSci' in September 2018  Xexclude from comparisonVirtuoso  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionJSON-based document store derived from CouchDB with a Memcached-compatible interfaceOpen source graph databaseA high performance, in-memory, column-oriented RDBMS, designed to run on GPUsVirtuoso is a multi-model hybrid-RDBMS that supports management of data represented as relational tables and/or property graphs
Primary database modelDocument storeGraph DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
Native XML DBMS
Relational DBMS
RDF store
Search engine
Secondary database modelsKey-value store infooriginating from the former Membase product and supporting the Memcached protocolDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score32.04
Rank#23  Overall
#3  Document stores
Score51.66
Rank#22  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score2.30
Rank#105  Overall
#51  Relational DBMS
Score2.65
Rank#96  Overall
#5  Graph DBMS
#3  Native XML DBMS
#47  Relational DBMS
#2  RDF stores
#11  Search engines
Websitewww.couchbase.comneo4j.comwww.omnisci.comvirtuoso.openlinksw.com
Technical documentationdocs.couchbase.comneo4j.com/­docsdocs.omnisci.com/­latestdocs.openlinksw.com/­virtuoso
DeveloperCouchbase, Inc.Neo4j, Inc.MapD Technologies, Inc.OpenLink Software
Initial release2011200720161998
Current releaseServer: 6.0, October 2018; Mobile: 2.5, May 2019; Couchbase Autonomous Operator: 1.2, May 20194.0.0, January 2020V48.3, May 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2; Commercial licenses also availableOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoApache Version 2; enterprise edition availableOpen Source infoGPLv2, extended commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC, C++, Go and ErlangJava, ScalaC++ and CUDAC
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
LinuxAIX
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free and schema-optionalyesyes infoSQL - Standard relational schema
RDF - Quad (S, P, O, G) or Triple (S, P, O)
XML - DTD, XML Schema
DAV - freeform filesystem objects, plus User Defined Types a/k/a Dynamic Extension Type
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infoString, Boolean, Numberyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes
Secondary indexesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Lucenenoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLDeclarative query language (N1QL) that extends ANSI SQL to JSON. First commercial implementation of SQL++.noyesyes infoSQL-92, SQL-200x, SQL-3, SQLX
APIs and other access methodsNative language bindings for CRUD, Query, Search and Analytics APIsBolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
JDBC
ODBC
Thrift
ADO.NET
GeoSPARQL
HTTP API
JDBC
Jena RDF API
ODBC
OLE DB
RDF4J API
RESTful HTTP API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SOAP webservices
SPARQL 1.1
WebDAV
XPath
XQuery
XSLT
Supported programming languages.Net
C
Clojure
ColdFusion
Erlang
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC/Thrift
Python
.Net
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresFunctions and timers in JavaScriptyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functionsnoyes infoVirtuoso PL
Triggersyes infovia the TAP protocolyes infovia event handlernoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnoneSharding infoRound robinyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication infoincluding cross data center replication
Master-slave replication
Causal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyMaster-master replicationChain, star, and bi-directional replication
Master-master replication
Master-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnonoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoselectable on a per-operation basis
Causal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infoRelationships in graphsnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataSingle-document ACID transactionsACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoEphemeral bucketsyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUser and Administrator separation with password-based and LDAP integrated AuthenticationUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardFine-grained Attribute-Based Access Control (ABAC) in addition to typical coarse-grained Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) according to SQL-standard. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)
More information provided by the system vendor
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseNeo4jOmniSci infoFormerly named 'MapD', rebranded to 'OmniSci' in September 2018Virtuoso
Specific characteristicsDeveloped as an alternative to traditionally inflexible relational databases, Couchbase...
» more
Neo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Virtuoso is a modern multi-model RDBMS for managing data represented as tabular relations...
» more
Competitive advantagesCouchbase was architected with several differentiated capabilities: Shared-nothing,...
» more
Neo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
Performance & Scale — as exemplified by DBpedia and the LOD Cloud it spawned, i.e.,...
» more
Typical application scenariosCustomer 360 for user profile, session store and data aggregation (Comcast, Equifax,...
» more
Real-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Used for — Analytics/BI Conceptual Data Virtualization Enterprise Knowledge Graphs...
» more
Key customersAmadeus, AT&T, BD (Becton, Dickinson and Company), Carrefour, Cisco, Comcast, Disney,...
» more
Over 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Broad use across enterprises and governments including — European Union (EU) US Government...
» more
Market metricsNamed a leader in the Forrester Wave™: Big Data NoSQL, Q1 2019 Over 10M downloads...
» more
Neo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Largest installed-base ​of Multi-Model RDBMS for AI-friendly Knowledge Graphs Platform...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe Community Edition (CE) of Couchbase Server and Couchbase Mobile are available...
» more
GPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
Available in both Commercial Enterprise and Open Source (GPL v2) Editions Feature...
» more
News

This Week in Neo4j – Managing Multiple Databases, When and how to implement Sharding, Building Possibility Spaces with Neo4j and ReactJS, Australian Open Graph
25 January 2020

This Week in Neo4j – Discovering the Soul of a Product, UK Singles Chart Graph, Building Real-Time UIs with Kafka and Vue.js
18 January 2020

Creating Aha Moments for Developers: The 5-Minute Interview with Jennifer Reif, Developer Relations Engineer at Neo4j
17 January 2020

Graphs to Fight Diabetes
15 January 2020

This Week in Neo4j – Analyzing .NET Dependencies, Coloring a Sudoku Graph, Christmas Messages Graph, Making Graph Algorithms ‘Clique’
11 January 2020

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesCData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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More resources
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseNeo4jOmniSci infoFormerly named 'MapD', rebranded to 'OmniSci' in September 2018Virtuoso
DB-Engines blog posts

Couchbase climbs up the DB-Engines Ranking, increasing its popularity by 10% every month
2 June 2014, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

Applying Graph Analytics to Game of Thrones
12 June 2019, Amy Hodler & Mark Needham, Neo4j (guest author)

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

The openCypher Project: Help Shape the SQL for Graphs
22 December 2015, Emil Eifrem (guest author)

show all

Conferences and events

GraphConnect 2020
New York, USA, 20-22 April 2020

Recent citations in the news

Couchbase Mobile Wins 2020 BIG Innovation Award
22 January 2020, Yahoo Finance

Couchbase to Present at the 22nd Annual Needham Growth Conference
7 January 2020, GlobeNewswire

Four Companies Offering Multimodel Database Management System Technology Named IDC Innovators
9 January 2020, Yahoo Finance

Couchbase Server team puts 6.5 beta up for feedback
12 August 2019, DevClass

FULL STACK SOFTWARE DEVELOPER IN KIRKLAND, WA AT TABLESAFE | Careers
10 January 2020, MarketScale

provided by Google News

Neo4j the graph database
14 January 2020, App Developer Magazine

Neo4j introduces new cloud service to simplify building a graph database
6 November 2019, TechCrunch

TigerGraph Improves Graph Database As A Service
9 January 2020, iProgrammer

Neo4j is the Graph Database of Choice for World's Top Financial Services Organizations
22 October 2019, PRNewswire

Graph for the mass market: Neo4j launches Aura on Google Cloud
7 November 2019, ZDNet

provided by Google News

GPU Database – Know Factors Driving the Market to Record Growth | Kinetica, Omnisci, Sqream
22 January 2020, The Market Journal

Inside OmniSci's Plans for Data Analytics Convergence
23 October 2019, Datanami

OmniSci 'Hitting Its Stride,' CEO Says
25 October 2019, Datanami

Review: OmniSci GPU database lifts huge data sets
1 April 2019, InfoWorld

The insideBIGDATA IMPACT 50 List for Q1 2020
14 January 2020, insideBIGDATA

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

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Principal Product Manager - Couchbase Server, Analytics
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jobs by Indeed




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