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DBMS > Couchbase vs. MySQL vs. Redis

System Properties Comparison Couchbase vs. MySQL vs. Redis

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchbase infoOriginally called Membase  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonRedis  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionJSON-based document store derived from CouchDB with a Memcached-compatible interfaceWidely used open source RDBMSIn-memory data structure store, used as database, cache and message broker infoRedis focuses on performance so most of its design decisions prioritize high performance and very low latencies.
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIKey-value store infoMultiple data types and a rich set of operations, as well as configurable data expiration, eviction and persistence
Secondary database modelsKey-value store infooriginating from the former Membase product and supporting the Memcached protocolDocument storeDocument store infowith Redis Modules
Graph DBMS infowith Redis Modules
Search engine infowith Redis Modules
Time Series DBMS infowith Redis Modules
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score32.21
Rank#23  Overall
#3  Document stores
Score1283.06
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score142.91
Rank#8  Overall
#1  Key-value stores
Websitewww.couchbase.comwww.mysql.comredis.io
Technical documentationdocs.couchbase.comdev.mysql.com/­docredis.io/­documentation
DeveloperCouchbase, Inc.Oracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunSalvatore Sanfilippo infoDevelopment sponsored by Redis Labs
Initial release201119952009
Current releaseServer: 6.0, October 2018; Mobile: 2.5, May 2019; Couchbase Autonomous Operator: 1.2, May 20198.0.17, July 20195.0.5, May 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2; Commercial licenses also availableOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availableOpen Source infoBSD 3-Clause, commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • Google Cloud SQL: A fully-managed database service for the Google Cloud Platform
  • Azure Database for MySQL: A fully managed, scalable MySQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
Implementation languageC, C++, Go and ErlangC and C++C
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
BSD
Linux
OS X
Windows infoported and maintained by Microsoft Open Technologies, Inc.
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infoString, Boolean, Numberyespartial infoSupported data types are strings, hashes, lists, sets and sorted sets, bit arrays, hyperloglogs and geospatial indexes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infowith RediSearch module
SQL infoSupport of SQLDeclarative query language (N1QL) that extends ANSI SQL to JSON. First commercial implementation of SQL++.yes infowith proprietary extensionsno
APIs and other access methodsNative language bindings for CRUD, Query, Search and Analytics APIsProprietary native API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
proprietary protocol infoRESP - REdis Serialization Protocol
Supported programming languages.Net
C
Clojure
ColdFusion
Erlang
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Crystal
D
Dart
Elixir
Erlang
Fancy
Go
Haskell
Haxe
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Pascal
Perl
PHP
Prolog
Pure Data
Python
R
Rebol
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Swift
Tcl
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresFunctions and timers in JavaScriptyes infoproprietary syntaxLua
Triggersyes infovia the TAP protocolyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardinghorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL FabricSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication infoincluding cross data center replication
Master-slave replication
Master-master replication
Master-slave replication
Master-slave replication infoChained replication is supported
Multi-master replication infowith Redis Enterprise Pack
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoselectable on a per-operation basis
Immediate ConsistencyStrong eventual consistency with CRDTs
Eventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataSingle-document ACID transactionsACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineOptimistic locking, atomic execution of commands blocks and scripts
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyes infoData access is serialized by the server
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoConfigurable mechanisms for persistency via snapshots and/or operations logs
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoEphemeral bucketsyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUser and Administrator separation with password-based and LDAP integrated AuthenticationUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesSimple password-based access control infoAccess control lists and SSL are available in the commercial version
More information provided by the system vendor
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseMySQLRedis
Specific characteristicsDeveloped as an alternative to traditionally inflexible relational databases, Couchbase...
» more
Redis, benchmarked as the world's fastest database, reduces application complexity,...
» more
Competitive advantagesCouchbase was architected with several differentiated capabilities: Shared-nothing,...
» more
Redis is an in-memory database platform offering native support of wide range of...
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Typical application scenariosCustomer 360 for user profile, session store and data aggregation (Comcast, Equifax,...
» more
Redis powers personalization, real-time fraud detection, IoT, e-commerce, real-time...
» more
Key customersAmadeus, AT&T, BD (Becton, Dickinson and Company), Carrefour, Cisco, Comcast, Disney,...
» more
Verizon, Vodafone, Atlassian, Trip Advisor, Jet.com, Nokia, Samsung, HTC, Docker,...
» more
Market metricsNamed a leader in the Forrester Wave™: Big Data NoSQL, Q1 2019 Over 10M downloads...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe Community Edition (CE) of Couchbase Server and Couchbase Mobile are available...
» more
The licensing model is subscription based. Redis Enterprise Cloud is priced according...
» more

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More resources
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseMySQLRedis
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