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DBMS > Couchbase vs. MongoDB vs. Riak KV vs. SQream DB

System Properties Comparison Couchbase vs. MongoDB vs. Riak KV vs. SQream DB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchbase infoOriginally called Membase  Xexclude from comparisonMongoDB  Xexclude from comparisonRiak KV  Xexclude from comparisonSQream DB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionJSON-based document store derived from CouchDB with a Memcached-compatible interfaceOne of the most popular document stores available both as a fully managed cloud service and for deployment on self-managed infrastructureDistributed, fault tolerant key-value storea GPU-based, columnar RDBMS for big data analytics workloads
Primary database modelDocument storeDocument storeKey-value store infowith links between data sets and object tags for the creation of secondary indexesRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsKey-value store infooriginating from the former Membase product and supporting the Memcached protocol
Spatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extension
Spatial DBMS
Search engine infointegrated Lucene index, currently in MongoDB Atlas only.
Time Series DBMS infoTime Series Collections introduced in Release 5.0
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score27.91
Rank#29  Overall
#4  Document stores
Score493.55
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Score5.88
Rank#63  Overall
#8  Key-value stores
Score0.66
Rank#215  Overall
#107  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.couchbase.comwww.mongodb.comriak.com/­products/­riak-kvsqream.com
Technical documentationdocs.couchbase.comdocs.mongodb.com/­manualdocs.sqream.com
DeveloperCouchbase, Inc.MongoDB, IncBasho TechnologiesSQream Technologies
Initial release2011200920092014
Current releaseServer: 6.5, January 2020; Mobile: 2.7, January 2020; Couchbase Autonomous Operator: 1.2, May 20195.0, July 20212.1.0, April 20152020.2, July 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2; Commercial licenses also availableOpen Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.Open Source infoApache version 2, commercial enterprise editioncommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)nono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Couchbase Cloud: Deploy, manage, and operate Couchbase in a few clicks
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Implementation languageC, C++, Go and ErlangC++ErlangC++, CUDA, Haskell
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
OS X
Linux
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.schema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infoString, Boolean, Numberyes infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatialnoyes, ANSI Standard SQL Types
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no
Secondary indexesyesyesrestrictedyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLDeclarative query language (N1QL) that extends ANSI SQL to JSON. First commercial implementation of SQL++.Read-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Connector for BInoyes
APIs and other access methodsNative language bindings for CRUD, Query, Search and Analytics APIsproprietary protocol using JSONHTTP API
Native Erlang Interface
.Net
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages.Net
C
Clojure
ColdFusion
Erlang
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Actionscript infounofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infounofficial driver
ColdFusion infounofficial driver
D infounofficial driver
Dart infounofficial driver
Delphi infounofficial driver
Erlang
Go
Groovy infounofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp infounofficial driver
Lua infounofficial driver
MatLab infounofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infounofficial driver
Prolog infounofficial driver
Python
R infounofficial driver
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Smalltalk infounofficial driver
Swift
C infounofficial client library
C#
C++ infounofficial client library
Clojure infounofficial client library
Dart infounofficial client library
Erlang
Go infounofficial client library
Groovy infounofficial client library
Haskell infounofficial client library
Java
JavaScript infounofficial client library
Lisp infounofficial client library
Perl infounofficial client library
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala infounofficial client library
Smalltalk infounofficial client library
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresFunctions and timers in JavaScriptJavaScriptJavaScript and Erlanguser defined functions in Python
Triggersyes infovia the TAP protocolyes infoin MongoDB Atlas onlyyes infopre-commit hooks and post-commit hooksno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infoPartitioned by hashed, ranged, or zoned sharding keys. Live resharding allows users to change their shard keys as an online operation with zero downtime.Sharding infono "single point of failure"horizontal and vertical partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication infoincluding cross data center replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-Source deployments with MongoDB Atlas Global Clusters
Source-replica replication
selectable replication factornone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyesyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoselectable on a per-operation basis
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Eventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynono infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possibleno infolinks between data sets can be storedno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDMulti-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolationnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infooptional, enabled by defaultyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoEphemeral bucketsyes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2
User concepts infoAccess controlUser and Administrator separation with password-based and LDAP integrated AuthenticationAccess rights for users and rolesno
More information provided by the system vendor
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseMongoDBRiak KVSQream DB
Specific characteristicsDeveloped as an alternative to traditionally inflexible relational databases, Couchbase...
» more
MongoDB’s application data platform provides developers a unified interface to power...
» more
Competitive advantagesCouchbase was architected with several differentiated capabilities: Shared-nothing,...
» more
The MongoDB platform can be used by developers building transactional, operational,...
» more
Typical application scenariosCustomer 360 for user profile, session store and data aggregation (Comcast, Equifax,...
» more
Internet of Things and Time Series (Bosch, Jaguar Land Rover) Mobile (The Weather...
» more
Key customersAmadeus, AT&T, BD (Becton, Dickinson and Company), Carrefour, Cisco, Comcast, Disney,...
» more
ADP, Adobe, Amadeus, AstraZeneca, Auto Trader, Barclays, BBVA, Bosch, Cisco, CERN,...
» more
Market metricsNamed a leader in the Forrester Wave™: Big Data NoSQL, Q1 2019 Over 10M downloads...
» more
175 million downloads, over 1.5M Atlas database clusters under management handling...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe Community Edition (CE) of Couchbase Server and Couchbase Mobile are available...
» more
MongoDB database server: Server-Side Public License (SSPL) . Commercial licenses...
» more

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseMongoDBRiak KVSQream DB
DB-Engines blog posts

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Conferences and events

Couchbase ConnectONLINE 2021
Virtual Conference, 20-21 October 2021

MongoDB & Google Cloud Developer Summit
Virtual Event, 28 October 2021

MongoDB.Local London
London, 9 November 2021

Finished events

Introduction to MongoDB
Webinar, on demand, 27 July 2021 (finished)

Recent citations in the news

Upcoming Couchbase event explains shift to a modern database platform
16 October 2021, SiliconANGLE News

Couchbase ConnectONLINE to Highlight Customer Success Powered by the Modern Database for Enterprise Applications
6 October 2021, PRNewswire

Couchbase Could Be A Prime Long-Term Horizon Target
30 September 2021, Seeking Alpha

Where Does Wall Street Think Couchbase Inc (BASE) Stock Will Go?
13 October 2021, InvestorsObserver

ConnectONLINE event to reveal Couchbase's formula for successful modernization
5 October 2021, SiliconANGLE News

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8 October 2021, The Motley Fool

Growth Stocks To Watch: Tech Stock MongoDB Offers Alternative Entry; Is It A Buy?
14 October 2021, Investor's Business Daily

Why MongoDB Stock Is Falling Today
4 October 2021, Motley Fool

Here's How MongoDB Shares Gained 20% Last Month
6 October 2021, Motley Fool

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Is Riak A Good NoSQL Database Option?
1 July 2019, Analytics India Magazine

Basho open-sources its Riak TS database for the Internet Of Things
5 May 2016, TechCrunch

Basho Revamps Riak Open-Source Database
17 September 2014, InformationWeek

Riak NoSQL Database: Use Cases and Best Practices
23 December 2011, InfoQ.com

Riak KV NoSQL DBMS overview
29 July 2015, TechTarget

provided by Google News

SQream Technologies raises $39.4 million for GPU-accelerated databases
24 June 2020, VentureBeat

Accelerated Databases In The Fast Lane
25 June 2020, The Next Platform

Alibaba Group leads $26.4M Series B in GPU database provider SQream
30 May 2018, TechCrunch

SQream, Core Scientific Partner to Accelerate Massive Data Analytics on GPU Cloud for Data Scientists
24 April 2020, HPCwire

Stretching GPU Database Performance With Flash Arrays
26 February 2019, The Next Platform

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