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DBMS > Couchbase vs. MongoDB vs. MySQL

System Properties Comparison Couchbase vs. MongoDB vs. MySQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchbase infoOriginally called Membase  Xexclude from comparisonMongoDB  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionJSON-based document store derived from CouchDB with a Memcached-compatible interfaceOne of the most popular document stores available both as a fully managed cloud service and for deployment on self-managed infrastructureWidely used open source RDBMS
Primary database modelDocument storeDocument storeRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached API
Secondary database modelsKey-value store infooriginating from the former Membase product and supporting the Memcached protocolSearch engine infointegrated Lucene index, currently in MongoDB Atlas only.Document store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score32.21
Rank#23  Overall
#3  Document stores
Score412.09
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Score1283.06
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.couchbase.comwww.mongodb.comwww.mysql.com
Technical documentationdocs.couchbase.comdocs.mongodb.com/­manualdev.mysql.com/­doc
DeveloperCouchbase, Inc.MongoDB, IncOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then Sun
Initial release201120091995
Current releaseServer: 6.0, October 2018; Mobile: 2.5, May 2019; Couchbase Autonomous Operator: 1.2, May 20194.2, August 20198.0.18, October 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2; Commercial licenses also availableOpen Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.Open Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)no
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
MongoDB Atlas: Deploy a fully managed cloud database on-demand and ready for use in minutes. Available on AWS, Azure, and GCP.
  • Azure Database for MySQL: A fully managed, scalable MySQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
  • Google Cloud SQL: A fully-managed database service for the Google Cloud Platform
Implementation languageC, C++, Go and ErlangC++C and C++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.yes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infoString, Boolean, Numberyes infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatialyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLDeclarative query language (N1QL) that extends ANSI SQL to JSON. First commercial implementation of SQL++.Read-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Connector for BIyes infowith proprietary extensions
APIs and other access methodsNative language bindings for CRUD, Query, Search and Analytics APIsproprietary protocol using JSONProprietary native API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages.Net
C
Clojure
ColdFusion
Erlang
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Actionscript infoinofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infoinofficial driver
ColdFusion infoinofficial driver
D infoinofficial driver
Dart infoinofficial driver
Delphi infoinofficial driver
Erlang
Go
Groovy infoinofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp infoinofficial driver
Lua infoinofficial driver
MatLab infoinofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infoinofficial driver
Prolog infoinofficial driver
Python
R infoinofficial driver
Ruby
Scala
Smalltalk infoinofficial driver
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresFunctions and timers in JavaScriptJavaScriptyes infoproprietary syntax
Triggersyes infovia the TAP protocolyes infoin MongoDB Atlas onlyyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infopartitioned by hashed, ranged, or zoned sharding keyshorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabric
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication infoincluding cross data center replication
Master-slave replication
Master-slave replicationMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoselectable on a per-operation basis
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynono infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possibleyes infonot for MyISAM storage engine
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataSingle-document ACID transactionsMulti-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolationACID infonot for MyISAM storage engine
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engine
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infooptionalyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoEphemeral bucketsyes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2yes
User concepts infoAccess controlUser and Administrator separation with password-based and LDAP integrated AuthenticationAccess rights for users and rolesUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or roles
More information provided by the system vendor
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseMongoDBMySQL
Specific characteristicsDeveloped as an alternative to traditionally inflexible relational databases, Couchbase...
» more
MongoDB is the leading modern, general purpose data platform, designed to unleash...
» more
Competitive advantagesCouchbase was architected with several differentiated capabilities: Shared-nothing,...
» more
The MongoDB Data Platform can be used by developers building OLTP and analytical...
» more
Typical application scenariosCustomer 360 for user profile, session store and data aggregation (Comcast, Equifax,...
» more
Internet of Things and Time Series (Bosch, Jaguar Land Rover) Mobile (The Weather...
» more
Key customersAmadeus, AT&T, BD (Becton, Dickinson and Company), Carrefour, Cisco, Comcast, Disney,...
» more
ADP, Adobe, Amadeus, AstraZeneca, Auto Trader, Barclays, BBVA, Bosch, Cisco, CERN,...
» more
Market metricsNamed a leader in the Forrester Wave™: Big Data NoSQL, Q1 2019 Over 10M downloads...
» more
70 million downloads (growing at more than 30 thousand downloads per day). 15,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe Community Edition (CE) of Couchbase Server and Couchbase Mobile are available...
» more
MongoDB database server: Server-Side Public License (SSPL) . Commercial licenses...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseMongoDBMySQL
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Recent citations in the news

Couchbase Server 6.5 improves NoSQL database queries
8 October 2019, TechTarget

Couchbase to Sponsor and Exhibit at Red Hat Forums across Europe and Australia
15 October 2019, Yahoo Finance

Couchbase reveals its latest SQL release
2 October 2019, DevOps Online

68 Percent of Digital Architects Say Getting the Right Technology in Place for Transformation an “Insurmountable” Task, Couchbase Research Finds
15 October 2019, GlobeNewswire

Document Databases Market Growing Demand, Analysis by Key Players: Couchbase, MongoDB, Amazon
21 October 2019, Daily Market Insight

provided by Google News

Hedge Funds Piled Into MongoDB (MDB) At The Wrong Time
21 October 2019, Yahoo Finance

MongoDB: Revenue Growth Slowing Down Not Good For Valuation
20 October 2019, Seeking Alpha

Why MongoDB Shares Fell 21% Last Month
9 October 2019, Motley Fool

MongoDB: Not A Buy Yet
10 October 2019, Seeking Alpha

How Far Can It Go?: MongoDB, Inc., (NASDAQ: MDB)
21 October 2019, NasdaqNewsFeed

provided by Google News

Using Five Types of JOIN in MySQL
21 October 2019, Database Journal

Learn MySQL and Start Working With Data Like a Pro
16 October 2019, Entrepreneur

MongoDB vs. MySQL: How to choose
14 October 2019, InfoWorld

Learn MySQL via this super cheap online course
16 October 2019, Mashable

Raytracing with MySQL
10 October 2019, Boing Boing

provided by Google News

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