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DBMS > Couchbase vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. RavenDB vs. TerarkDB

System Properties Comparison Couchbase vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. RavenDB vs. TerarkDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchbase infoOriginally called Membase  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonRavenDB  Xexclude from comparisonTerarkDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed document store with a powerful search engine and in-built operational and analytical capabilitiesMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSOpen Source Operational and Transactional Enterprise NoSQL Document DatabaseA key-value store forked from RocksDB with advanced compression algorithms. It can be used standalone or as a storage engine for MySQL and MongoDB
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMSDocument storeKey-value store
Secondary database modelsKey-value store infooriginating from the former Membase product and supporting the Memcached protocol
Spatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extension
Document store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Time Series DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score27.96
Rank#30  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score924.68
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score4.41
Rank#91  Overall
#17  Document stores
Score0.15
Rank#334  Overall
#48  Key-value stores
Websitewww.couchbase.comwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverravendb.netgithub.com/­Terark/­terarkdb
Technical documentationdocs.couchbase.comdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverravendb.net/­docsgithub.com/­Terark/­terarkdb/­wiki
DeveloperCouchbase, Inc.MicrosoftHibernating RhinosTerark
Initial release2011198920102016
Current releaseServer: 7.0, July 2021; Mobile: 3, February 2022; Couchbase Capella, October 2021SQL Server 2019, November 20195.3, November 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2; Commercial licenses also availablecommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoAGPL version 3, commercial license availablecommercial inforestricted open source version available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Couchbase Capella: a fully managed database-as-a-service that eliminates database management efforts and reduces cost
Implementation languageC, C++, Go and ErlangC++C#C++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux
Windows
Linux
macOS
Raspberry Pi
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infoString, Boolean, Numberyesnono
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLDeclarative query language (N1QL) that extends ANSI SQL to JSON. First commercial implementation of SQL++.yesSQL-like query language (RQL)no
APIs and other access methodsNative language bindings for CRUD, Query, Search and Analytics APIsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
.NET Client API
Java Client API
Python Client API
RESTful HTTP API
C++ API
Java API
Supported programming languages.Net
C
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
.Net
C#
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Ruby
C++
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresFunctions and timers in JavaScriptTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javayesno
Triggersyes infovia the TAP protocolyesyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingtables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication infoincluding cross data center replication
Source-replica replication
yes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionMulti-source replicationnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnoyes infoMapReduce functions can be defined in Linqno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoselectable on a per-operation basis
Immediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID, Cluster-wide transaction availableno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoEphemeral bucketsyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUser and Administrator separation with password-based and LDAP integrated Authenticationfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess control on document level using the Authorization Bundleno
More information provided by the system vendor
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseMicrosoft SQL ServerRavenDBTerarkDB
Specific characteristicsDeveloped as an alternative to traditionally inflexible relational databases, Couchbase...
» more
RavenDB is the pioneer NoSQL Document Database that is fully transactional (ACID)...
» more
Competitive advantagesCouchbase was architected with several differentiated capabilities: Shared-nothing,...
» more
RavenDB is easy to setup and secure. You can do it in a matter of minutes . Easy...
» more
Typical application scenariosCustomer 360 for user profile, session store and data aggregation (Comcast, Equifax,...
» more
IoT for Edge Deployments Fraud Detection Recommendation Engines Product Catalogs...
» more
Key customersAmadeus, AT&T, BD (Becton, Dickinson and Company), Carrefour, Cisco, Comcast, Disney,...
» more
Toyota, Capgemini, Vodafone, Medicaid, Asos, Nomura, RMS Automotive, MSNBC, Pluralsight,...
» more
Market metricsNamed a leader in the Forrester Wave™: Big Data NoSQL, Q1 2019 Over 10M downloads...
» more
2 million+ downloads 1000+ customers including Fortune 500 large enterprises
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe Community Edition (CE) of Couchbase Server and Couchbase Mobile are available...
» more
RavenDB is available on-premise and in the cloud. RavenDB Cloud is available on AWS...
» more

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More resources
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseMicrosoft SQL ServerRavenDBTerarkDB
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