DB-EnginesInfluxDB download bannerEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Couchbase vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. PostgreSQL vs. TempoIQ

System Properties Comparison Couchbase vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. PostgreSQL vs. TempoIQ

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchbase infoOriginally called Membase  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparisonTempoIQ infoformerly TempoDB  Xexclude from comparison
TempoIQ seems to be decommissioned. It will be removed from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionJSON-based document store derived from CouchDB with a Memcached-compatible interfaceMicrosofts relational DBMSWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQLScalable analytics DBMS for sensor data, provided as a service (SaaS)
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.Time Series DBMS
Secondary database modelsKey-value store infooriginating from the former Membase product and supporting the Memcached protocolDocument store
Graph DBMS
Document store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score31.63
Rank#26  Overall
#4  Document stores
Score1031.23
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score552.23
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.couchbase.comwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.postgresql.orgtempoiq.com (offline)
Technical documentationdocs.couchbase.comdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverwww.postgresql.org/­docs
DeveloperCouchbase, Inc.MicrosoftPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developerTempoIQ
Initial release201119891989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL2012
Current releaseServer: 6.5, January 2020; Mobile: 2.7, January 2020; Couchbase Autonomous Operator: 1.2, May 2019SQL Server 2019, November 201913.1, November 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2; Commercial licenses also availablecommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoBSDcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Couchbase Cloud: Deploy, manage, and operate Couchbase in a few clicksScaleGrid for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageC, C++, Go and ErlangC++C
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux
Windows
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infoString, Boolean, Numberyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.no
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLDeclarative query language (N1QL) that extends ANSI SQL to JSON. First commercial implementation of SQL++.yesyes infostandard with numerous extensionsno
APIs and other access methodsNative language bindings for CRUD, Query, Search and Analytics APIsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
HTTP API
Supported programming languages.Net
C
Clojure
ColdFusion
Erlang
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
C#
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresFunctions and timers in JavaScriptTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javauser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.no
Triggersyes infovia the TAP protocolyesyesyes infoRealtime Alerts
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingtables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication infoincluding cross data center replication
Source-replica replication
yes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoselectable on a per-operation basis
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoEphemeral bucketsyesnono
User concepts infoAccess controlUser and Administrator separation with password-based and LDAP integrated Authenticationfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardsimple authentication-based access control
More information provided by the system vendor
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseMicrosoft SQL ServerPostgreSQLTempoIQ infoformerly TempoDB
Specific characteristicsDeveloped as an alternative to traditionally inflexible relational databases, Couchbase...
» more
Competitive advantagesCouchbase was architected with several differentiated capabilities: Shared-nothing,...
» more
Typical application scenariosCustomer 360 for user profile, session store and data aggregation (Comcast, Equifax,...
» more
Key customersAmadeus, AT&T, BD (Becton, Dickinson and Company), Carrefour, Cisco, Comcast, Disney,...
» more
Market metricsNamed a leader in the Forrester Wave™: Big Data NoSQL, Q1 2019 Over 10M downloads...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe Community Edition (CE) of Couchbase Server and Couchbase Mobile are available...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesCData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more
DBHawk: Secure access to SQL, NoSQL and Cloud databases with an all-in-one solution.
» more

General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
» more

Navicat for SQL Server gives you a fully graphical approach to database management and development.
» more

Navicat Monitor is a safe, simple and agentless remote server monitoring tool for SQL Server and many other database management systems.
» more
ClusterControl: the only management system you’ll ever need to take control of your open source database infrastructure.
» more

Navicat for PostgreSQL is an easy-to-use graphical tool for PostgreSQL database development.
» more

pgDash: In-Depth PostgreSQL Monitoring.
» more

General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
» more

EDB: Helping organizations get the most from PostgreSQL, Oracle Migration, High Availability, Security
» more

CYBERTEC is your professional partner for PostgreSQL services and Data Science since 2000. With offices in Austria, Uruguay, Estonia, Poland, South Africa and Switzerland, CYBERTEC operates worldwide and is here for you 24/7!
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseMicrosoft SQL ServerPostgreSQLTempoIQ infoformerly TempoDB
DB-Engines blog posts

Couchbase climbs up the DB-Engines Ranking, increasing its popularity by 10% every month
2 June 2014, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

MySQL is the DBMS of the Year 2019
3 January 2020, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

Microsoft SQL Server is the DBMS of the Year
4 January 2017, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

show all

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2020
4 January 2021, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2018
2 January 2019, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2017
2 January 2018, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

Recent citations in the news

Couchbase Cloud Now Available on Microsoft Azure
15 January 2021, AiThority

COVID-19 Causes Significant Upheaval to Digital Transformation Plans but Spurs Surge in Innovation and Improved End User Experience, Couchbase Research Finds
21 December 2020, GlobeNewswire

Global Document Databases Market 2021-2027 Study by Couchbase, MongoDB, Amazon, MarkLogic
21 December 2020, The Courier

Global Database Management Systems (DBMS) Market Research Report 2020 | BMC Software, Oracle, IBM, Broadcom, Couchbase Server, Enterprise DB Software Solution, and more
14 January 2021, NeighborWebSJ

Enterprises waste $5.5 million on failed DX projects
4 January 2021, Help Net Security

provided by Google News

Security Updates for SQL Server Jan 2021–CVE-2021-1636 from Blog Posts – SQLServerCentral
14 January 2021, Packt Hub

Diamanti Provides Fastest Microsoft SQL Server Performance at the Lowest TCO
12 January 2021, Yahoo Finance

Security update for all supported versions of SQL Server (CVE-2021-1636) from Blog Posts – SQLServerCentral
13 January 2021, Packt Hub

Diamanti blows AWS and Azure away on containerised SQL Server benchmark
18 December 2020, Blocks and Files

Azure SQL Database Ranked Among Top 3 Databases of 2020
14 January 2021, Visual Studio Magazine

provided by Google News

PostgreSQL Is DB-Engines DBMS of the Year For 2020
15 January 2021, iProgrammer

What the PostgreSQL community has done so right
30 December 2020, TechRepublic

Crunchy Data PostgreSQL Security Technical Implementation Guide Now Available
6 January 2021, PRNewswire

US Air Force selects Crunchy Data for Advanced Battle Management System
13 January 2021, PRNewswire

SQL Market Insights to 2026, Research By Organizations – PostgreSQL, Oracle Database, Sybase, MarkLogic Corporation, Basho Technologies, MariaDB, MySQL, Microsoft, MongoDB
13 January 2021, NeighborWebSJ

provided by Google News

Global Big Data and Analytics Market Share By Top Key Players- Microsoft MongoDB Predikto Informatica CS Blue Yonder Azure Software AG Sensewaves TempoIQ SAP OT IBM Cyber Group Splunk
12 January 2021, Jumbo News

Big Data and Analytics Market Comprehensive Analysis, Growth Forecast from 2020 to 2025 – Predikto, Microsoft Corporation, Informatica, MongoDB
14 January 2021, Murphy's Hockey Law

Database startup TempoDB becomes TempoIQ, refocuses on sensor analytics
8 July 2014, GigaOM

Global Big Data and Analytics Market Size, Status and Forecast 2020-2026
10 January 2021, NeighborWebSJ

Big Data and Analytics Market global industry trends, COVID-19 impact analysis, demand, size and share estimation by 2025 described in a new market report
14 January 2021, Jumbo News

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

POSTGRES DBA
Triage, Remote

Database Engineer
Ariana Solutions, Remote

Software Engineer
Lowe's, Charlotte, NC

Junior Full-Stack Developer
Brandyourself, Remote

Back-end Developer (NodeJS)
Softvision - North America, Atlanta, GA

SQL Server DBA
Deloitte, Davenport, IA

SQL Server DBA
CompTech Computer Technologies, Remote

SQL Server DBA
Accenture, United States

Customer Success Representative
Jonas Software, Jackson, MS

SQL Server Development Engineer - Associate I
JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A., Columbus, OH

Data Analyst (US - Remote)
DISQO, Remote

Product Analyst
Game Insight, Remote

Data Analyst
Corporate Tools, Post Falls, ID

Jr. QA Analyst Trainee
SQA², Los Alamitos, CA

PostgreSQL DBA II - EMEA
Percona, Remote

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 5 GB free..

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.

Present your product here