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DBMS > Couchbase vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. MongoDB

System Properties Comparison Couchbase vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. MongoDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchbase infoOriginally called Membase  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonMongoDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionJSON-based document store derived from CouchDB with a Memcached-compatible interfaceMicrosofts relational DBMSOne of the most popular document stores available both as a fully managed cloud service and for deployment on self-managed infrastructure
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMSDocument store
Secondary database modelsKey-value store infooriginating from the former Membase product and supporting the Memcached protocolDocument store
Graph DBMS
Search engine infointegrated Lucene index, currently in MongoDB Atlas only.
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score31.49
Rank#23  Overall
#3  Document stores
Score1096.20
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score421.12
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Websitewww.couchbase.comwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.mongodb.com
Technical documentationdocs.couchbase.comdocs.microsoft.com/­en-ie/­sql/­sql-server/­sql-server-technical-documentationdocs.mongodb.com/­manual
DeveloperCouchbase, Inc.MicrosoftMongoDB, Inc
Initial release201119892009
Current releaseServer: 6.0, October 2018; Mobile: 2.5, May 2019; Couchbase Autonomous Operator: 1.2, May 2019SQL Server 2019, November 20194.2, August 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2; Commercial licenses also availablecommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
MongoDB Atlas: Deploy a fully managed cloud database on-demand and ready for use in minutes. Available on AWS, Azure, and GCP.
Implementation languageC, C++, Go and ErlangC++C++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux
Windows
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infoString, Boolean, Numberyesyes infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatial
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLDeclarative query language (N1QL) that extends ANSI SQL to JSON. First commercial implementation of SQL++.yesRead-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Connector for BI
APIs and other access methodsNative language bindings for CRUD, Query, Search and Analytics APIsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
proprietary protocol using JSON
Supported programming languages.Net
C
Clojure
ColdFusion
Erlang
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
Actionscript infoinofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infoinofficial driver
ColdFusion infoinofficial driver
D infoinofficial driver
Dart infoinofficial driver
Delphi infoinofficial driver
Erlang
Go
Groovy infoinofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp infoinofficial driver
Lua infoinofficial driver
MatLab infoinofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infoinofficial driver
Prolog infoinofficial driver
Python
R infoinofficial driver
Ruby
Scala
Smalltalk infoinofficial driver
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresFunctions and timers in JavaScriptTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) JavaJavaScript
Triggersyes infovia the TAP protocolyesyes infoin MongoDB Atlas only
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingtables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationSharding infopartitioned by hashed, ranged, or zoned sharding keys
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication infoincluding cross data center replication
Master-slave replication
yes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionMaster-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoselectable on a per-operation basis
Immediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesno infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possible
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataSingle-document ACID transactionsACIDMulti-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolation
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infooptional
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoEphemeral bucketsyesyes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2
User concepts infoAccess controlUser and Administrator separation with password-based and LDAP integrated Authenticationfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseMicrosoft SQL ServerMongoDB
Specific characteristicsDeveloped as an alternative to traditionally inflexible relational databases, Couchbase...
» more
MongoDB is the leading modern, general purpose data platform, designed to unleash...
» more
Competitive advantagesCouchbase was architected with several differentiated capabilities: Shared-nothing,...
» more
The MongoDB Data Platform can be used by developers building OLTP and analytical...
» more
Typical application scenariosCustomer 360 for user profile, session store and data aggregation (Comcast, Equifax,...
» more
Internet of Things and Time Series (Bosch, Jaguar Land Rover) Mobile (The Weather...
» more
Key customersAmadeus, AT&T, BD (Becton, Dickinson and Company), Carrefour, Cisco, Comcast, Disney,...
» more
ADP, Adobe, Amadeus, AstraZeneca, Auto Trader, Barclays, BBVA, Bosch, Cisco, CERN,...
» more
Market metricsNamed a leader in the Forrester Wave™: Big Data NoSQL, Q1 2019 Over 10M downloads...
» more
70 million downloads (growing at more than 30 thousand downloads per day). 15,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe Community Edition (CE) of Couchbase Server and Couchbase Mobile are available...
» more
MongoDB database server: Server-Side Public License (SSPL) . Commercial licenses...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseMicrosoft SQL ServerMongoDB
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Recent citations in the news

Couchbase to Present at Upcoming Investor Conferences
27 November 2019, GlobeNewswire

Couchbase Named to Deloitte Technology Fast 500™ for Third Consecutive Year
11 November 2019, Yahoo Finance

Altoros Releases 2019 Comparative Analysis of Database Query Languages in MySQL, Couchbase, and MongoDB
20 November 2019, GlobeNewswire

Global NoSQL Market 2019-2025 MongoLab, MarkLogic, Couchbase, CloudDB, DynamoDB, Basho Technologies
10 December 2019, Global Industry Analysis

Global NoSQL Market Growth 2019-2025 – Oracle, MarkLogic, MongoDB, Couchbase, Database, Basho, Aerospike, Neo4j
17 November 2019, Globe News Reports

provided by Google News

Turning off Parameter Sniffing for a SQL Server Database by Default
9 December 2019, Database Journal

IDERA SQL Diagnostic Manager for SQL Server 10.5 Expands Performance Monitoring On-Premises and in the Cloud
3 December 2019, Associated Press

SQL Server 2008's End of Life Opens New Role for Database as a Service
3 December 2019, EdTech Magazine: Focus on Higher Education

SQL Server 2019 Licensing: How Much Does It Cost and What's Included?
8 November 2019, Redmondmag.com

SQL Server Runs Faster on Azure Cloud VMs than AWS EC2, Report Says
5 December 2019, Virtualization Review

provided by Google News

MongoDB tops third quarter expectations
9 December 2019, ZDNet

MongoDB revenues rise sharply as Atlas customer headcount more than doubles year-on-year
10 December 2019, Diginomica

MongoDB Earnings, Revenue Beat Estimates; Stock Climbs
9 December 2019, Investor's Business Daily

MongoDB (MDB) Reports Q3 Loss, Tops Revenue Estimates
9 December 2019, Yahoo Finance

MongoDB, Inc. Announces Third Quarter Fiscal 2020 Financial Results
9 December 2019, PRNewswire

provided by Google News

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